Green Cross International

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Green Cross International
TypeNonprofit organization
IndustryEnvironmental organisation
Founded1993
FounderMikhail Gorbachev
Headquarters
Switzerland Edit this on Wikidata
Key people
Mikhail Gorbachev, Chairman

Green Cross International is an environmentalist organisation headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, founded by former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1993. Today there are member organisations in 30 countries. Its primary mission is to "respond to the combined challenges of security, poverty and environmental degradation to ensure a sustainable and secure future".

History[edit]

Green Cross International was founded by former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1993,[1] building upon the work started by the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[2] On 6 June 1992, the Rio Earth Summit delegates asked Gorbachev to establish Green Cross International, and around the same time Swiss National Council MP Roland Wiederkehr founded “World Green Cross”, with similar aims. The two organisations merged in 1993, becoming Green Cross International, which was formally launched in Kyoto, Japan, on 18 April 1993.[1]

In 1994, the first Green Cross National Organisations (GCNOs) joined GCI in The Hague, including Japan, The Netherlands, the Russian Federation, Switzerland, and the United States.[1]

Mission[edit]

The initial concept envisaged an international body to provide assistance to countries in ecological trouble.[citation needed]

The organisation's stated mission is to:[3]

  • "Respond to the combined challenges of security, poverty and environmental degradation to ensure a sustainable and secure future";
  • "Promote legal, ethical and behavioural norms that ensure basic changes in the values, actions and attitudes of government, the private sector and civil society, necessary to develop a sustainable global community";
  • "Contribute to the prevention and resolution of conflicts arising from environmental degradation"; and
  • "Provide assistance to people affected by the environmental consequences of wars, conflicts and man made calamities".

Interaction with other organisations[edit]

There are organisations affiliated with GCI in 30 countries.[1]

GCI holds the following statuses:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "History". Green Cross International. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  2. ^ "United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992; or, Earth Summit". Archived from the original on 19 June 1997.
  3. ^ "Mission". Green Cross International. Retrieved 23 January 2021.

External links[edit]