|"The Green Door"|
|Single by Jim Lowe|
|B-side||"(The Story of) the Little Man in Chinatown"|
|Genre||Rock and roll, pop|
|Songwriter(s)||Bob Davie, Marvin Moore|
|Single by Shakin' Stevens|
|from the album Shaky|
|B-side||"Don't Turn Your Back"|
|Released||July 17, 1981|
|Recorded||Eden Studios, London|
|Songwriter(s)||Bob Davie, Marvin Moore|
|Shakin' Stevens singles chronology|
"The Green Door" (or "Green Door") is a 1956 popular song with music composed by Bob "Hutch" Davie and lyrics written by Marvin Moore. The song was first recorded by Jim Lowe, whose version reached number one on the US pop chart. The lyrics describe the allure of a mysterious private club with a green door, behind which "a happy crowd" play piano, smoke and "laugh a lot", and inside which the singer is not allowed.
The hit version of the song in the United States was recorded by Jim Lowe, backed by the orchestra of songwriter Davie, with Davie also playing piano, and by the vocal group the High Fives. The track was arranged by Davie, who added thumbtacks to the hammers of his piano and sped up the tape to give a honky-tonk sound. Released by Dot Records, the single reached #1 on the Billboard charts for one week on November 17, 1956, replacing "Love Me Tender" by Elvis Presley.
In the United Kingdom, Lowe's version reached #8 on the charts, but a version by Frankie Vaughan was even more popular, reaching #2. Another UK recording, by Glen Mason, reached #24 on the UK chart. The most popular British version was by rock and roll revivalist Shakin' Stevens which spent four weeks at number one in August 1981.
Gene McDaniels released a version of it as a single in 1960, but it failed to chart. In 1964, Bill Haley & His Comets recorded a version for a single release on Decca Records during an unsuccessful attempt to make a comeback with the label that had made them famous with "Rock Around the Clock" (this version was produced by Milt Gabler); Haley and the Comets also recorded an instrumental version in 1962 for the Mexican Orfeon Records label. Country humorist Mayf Nutter re-charted the song in 1973. Crystal Gayle recorded the song in 1977, and it has since become a fan favorite at her concerts. Psychobilly band the Cramps covered the song on their 1981 album, Psychedelic Jungle. The Spanish pop-punk group Los Nikis made a Spanish version in 1986.
Other versions have been recorded by Roland Alphonso, Wynder K. Frog, Houston and Dorsey, Ray Hamilton, The Promenade Orchestra and Chorus featuring vocals by Joe Seneca, Danny Colfax Mallon, Country Dick Montana, Esquerita, Jumpin' Gene Simmons, Skip & Flip (1961), The Jerms, and Skitzo.
The singer cannot get any sleep each evening, due to the sound of the music coming from the club. He tries to go there by knocking once on the green door, trying to tell the person behind the door that he had been there before, only to have the door slammed immediately ("hospitality's thin there"). Then, through the keyhole, he tries to say the possible secret password "Joe sent me", which only results in laughter as he is again rejected admittance into the private club.
At the time of the song's initial popularity in the 1950s, many believed it was inspired by a green-doored restaurant and bar called "The Shack" in Columbia, Missouri, where singer Jim Lowe had attended the University of Missouri. However long-time Shack owner Joe Franke doubts this theory.
An oft-repeated urban legend has developed saying the song refers to London's first lesbian club, Gateways (1930–1985), which was in Bramerton Street in Chelsea. It had a green door and was featured in the film The Killing of Sister George. But aside from that there is no substantive connection between the 1950s American song and the British club.
In "The Green Door", a short story by O. Henry from his 1906 book The Four Million, a man named Rudolf Steiner is handed a mysterious card reading, "The Green Door." On entering the door he meets a starving young woman. He quickly rushes out and returns laden with food, and they become friends over supper; finally Steiner promises to visit her again the next day and there is romance in the offing. Eventually it turns out that the card was an advertisement for an entirely different "Green Door", a theatre play. O. Henry uses the eponymous green door as a symbol for everyday adventures which he encourages us to seek out.
Behind the Green Door (1940) is a Penny Parker mystery novel by Mildred Wirt Benson. In the novel, the secret door hides some illegal activity at a ski-resort hotel; no music or vice is involved in this book aimed at adolescent girls. It was reprinted in 1951, a few years before the song appeared.
Other cultural impact
"The Green Door" is the name of a saloon in Cheyenne, Wyoming, as well as Park Hall, Maryland and also Chicago, Illinois.
Within the American intelligence community, "green door" is a slang verb and adjective, relating to the restriction of an individual's or organization's access to information and/or locations: "We green doored them," or "The situation has been highlighted by the 'Green Door' compartmentation and exclusion". This meaning was alluded to in episode 4 of Ashes to Ashes, set in 1981, when Shakin' Stevens' cover played whilst the protagonist police detectives sneaked out of a top-secret MOD research centre.
- Michael Jack Kirby, "Jim Lowe: The Green Door", Way Back Attack. Retrieved 13 December 2016
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. pp. 396–7. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Adam Daniels, "The Shack comes back" Archived 2012-05-27 at Archive.is, The Columbia Missourian, 9 August 2007."
- "Great lesbian songs? Here's our top five". The Guardian. 6 March 2007.
- "The truth behind The Green Door". The Guardian. 8 September 2006.
- Mitch Mitchell (29 September 2006). "Doors of Perception" Film & Music letters: September 2006". The Guardian.
- "The Green Door by O. Henry". Literaturecollection.com. Archived from the original on 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
- H.G. Wells (1911) The Door in the Wall and Other Stories
- "The Door in the Wall by H.G. Wells". Online-literature.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
- "The Mildred A. Wirt Benson Website". Nancydrewsleuth.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
- "The Lost Room by Fitz-James O'Brien". Manybooks.net. 2008-01-14. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
- "History Of The Green Door Tavern In Chicago". Greendoorchicago.com. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- David Berg, "The Green Door", The Family, August 1973. Accessed 18 July 2008.
- Faurer, Lincoln D. (16 September 1999), Intelligence Support to the Warfighter, in Guideposts for the United States Military in the Twenty-first Century (PDF), Air Force History and Museums Program, archived from the original (PDF) on 9 June 2011