Green Grow the Lilacs (play)
|Green Grow the Lilacs|
First edition 1931
|Written by||Lynn Riggs|
|Date premiered||December 8, 1930|
|Place premiered||Tremont Theater
|Setting||Indian Territory (Oklahoma), 1900|
Green Grow the Lilacs is a 1930 play by Lynn Riggs named for the popular folk song of the same name. It was performed 64 times on Broadway, opening on January 26, 1931, and closing March 21, 1931. It also played January 19–24, 1931, at the National Theatre in Washington, D.C. The play is the basis of the 1943 musical Oklahoma!.
Green Grow the Lilacs was produced by the Theatre Guild and directed by Herbert J. Biberman. Franchot Tone portrayed cowboy Curly; June Walker was seen as his sweetheart Laurey. Tex Ritter sang four songs in the role of Cord Elam and was understudy for the lead part as Curly, though he never had occasion to perform in that role. Theatre Guild board member Helen Westley, who had appeared as Mrs. Muskat in the original Broadway production of Ferenc Molnár's Liliom, played Aunt Eller. Lee Strasberg, later to become a renowned teacher of method acting, played the part of the Persian peddler, Ali Hakim. The play also toured the Midwest, and was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize. It appeared at the Dallas Little Theatre during the week of March 7, 1932, and again in Dallas at the Festival of Southwestern Plays, on May 10, 1935.
The 1943 Rodgers and Hammerstein musical play Oklahoma! was based on the Riggs play. Oklahoma! used a new score rather than the old folk songs in Riggs's work, but the plot is almost identical. The endings are different: unlike the musical, the end of Green Grow The Lilacs is left rather undecided as to Curly's trial for accidentally killing farmhand Jeeter (renamed Jud Fry in the musical). In addition, the cowboy Will Parker is only referred to in the original Riggs play and does not actually appear in it; therefore, the entire comic subplot involving the fifty dollars that Will must obtain in order to be able to marry Ado Annie is an invention of Hammerstein's.
Green Grow the Lilacs is today largely forgotten in its original form, while Oklahoma! remains one of the most acclaimed and popular American musicals ever written.
- Curly McClain
- Aunt Eller Murphy
- Laurey Williams
- Jeeter Fry
- Ado Annie Carnes
- Ali Hakim
- Cord Elam
- Old Man Peck
Indian Territory, 1900
- Scene 1 — The "front" or living room of the Williams farmhouse, a June morning
- Scene 2 — Laurey's bedroom
- Scene 3 — The smoke house
- Scene 4 — The porch of Old Man Peck's house, that night
- Scene 5 — The hayfield, a month later
- Scene 6 — The "front" room, three nights later
- Green Grow The Lilacs: A Play, Lynn Riggs, Samuel French Inc., 1931 ISBN 0-573-60962-4.
- Lynn Riggs: An Oklahoma Treasure Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine., Friends of Libraries in Oklahoma Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine.
- Lynn Riggs Archived 2009-04-13 at the Wayback Machine., Mary Hays Marable and Elaine Boylan, pages 93-96 of A Handbook of Oklahoma Writers, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, 1939, ASIN B0006AONUW.
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