Green Island (Queensland)
|Native name: Dabuukji|
Green Island jetty
|Area||0.15 km2 (0.058 sq mi)|
|Area||0.15 km2 (0.1 sq mi)|
Green Island is coral cay 27 km (17 mi) offshore from Cairns, Queensland, Australia located within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park World Heritage Area. The island is surrounded by coral reef and protected in the Green Island National Park. Most visitors come for the day. A luxury resort with 46 rooms is situated on the island.
The island was formed approximately 6,000 years ago by waves depositing sand, coral and other debris onto its coral foundations.
Today the island supports a range of vegetation, including dry coastal/beach plants and a vine thicket rain forest. There are no natural freshwater springs on the island so all vegetation relies on rainwater and a small freshwater lens located under the island.
The local Aboriginal people (particularly Dick Moses, speaking Yidinyji) have reported that some time back in the past (in time immemorial) Dabuukji (Green Island) was approximately four times the size it is now. The present coral cay is only the north-east portion of the whole, original island.
Local Aboriginal language speakers (Roy Banning, Robert Patterson, and Henry Fourmile) advised and confirmed the Gungganyji language group are especially connected with Green Island. To them it is named Dabuukji, being "..the place of the hole in the nose".
Dabuukji, as a name, may refer to the island having been within local Aboriginal mythology and history a larger island with a freshwater marsh or 'hole' (later a well) at its centre. Alternatively it may be a reference to the story of the turtle which first obtained holes in its nose (nostrils) on this coral cay. It may also be a reference to some aspect of young Gungganyji male initiation rituals reported to have been conducted on this coral cay in times past. There is a strong chance the name alludes to all three of the above, in combination.
Whatever the case may be, all local Aboriginal language speakers appear to have grown up with the understanding the coral cay was a place to be generally avoided, being wunjami, that is, "a place haunted by spirits".
The State of Queensland has listed 'Green Island' as the cay's official name, this being the name given it by Lieutenant James Cook on 10 June 1770, either because of the appearance of the coral cay's vegetation, or possibly after Charles Green, who was an astronomer aboard the Endeavour at the time.
The first known non Aboriginal person to reside on the island was fisherman James Seton Veitch Mein in 1857 who established a beche-de-mer smoking station. Coconut palms were planted on the island in 1899 to provide food for shipwrecked sailors.
Since the early 20th century, tourism has been the main activity on the island. A guest house was originally built in the 1930s and an underwater observatory was installed in 1954. The current resort, Green Island Reef Resort, was opened in 1994.
- "Green Island - island (entry 14738)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Green Island - locality (entry 48663)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Green Island National Park Archived 29 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Department of Environment and Resource Management. Accessed 20 November 2007.
- Dixon, R.M.W. (1996) Origin legends and linguistic relationships Oceania, Volume 67 Number 2
- Martyn, Julie (1993) The History of Green Island: The Place of Spirits Cairns: Bolton Inprint, ISBN 0-646-13270-9
- "Green Island". Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
- "Green Island Fact Sheets" (PDF). Green Island Resort. p. 6. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- Referral detail - Green Island Desalination Plant Archived 10 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Government of Australia, Department of Environment. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- "About Green Island". Department of Environment and Resource Management. Archived from the original on 23 April 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
- Jones, Dorothy (1976), The history of Green Island (PDF), Royal Historical Society of Queensland
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