Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church

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Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church
Green Memorial A M E Zion Church, Portland ME.jpg
Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church
Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church is located in Maine
Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church
Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church is located in the US
Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church
Location 46 Sheridan St., Portland, Maine
Coordinates 43°39′50″N 70°14′58″W / 43.66389°N 70.24944°W / 43.66389; -70.24944Coordinates: 43°39′50″N 70°14′58″W / 43.66389°N 70.24944°W / 43.66389; -70.24944
Area less than one acre
Built 1914
NRHP Reference # 73000115[1]
Added to NRHP January 17, 1973

The Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church (also known formerly as the Abyssinian Congregational Church and Society) is a historic church at 46 Sheridan Street in Portland, Maine. Built in 1914, it is home to Maine's oldest African-American congregation; it is named for Moses Green, an escaped slave. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.[1]

Description and history[edit]

The Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church is located in Portland's eastern Munjoy Hill neighborhood, at the corner of Sheridan and Monument Streets. It is a 2-1/2 story masonry structure, built out of concrete blocks and finished with a rough textured exterior. The building corners are partially quoined with smooth blocks. First-floor windows are rectangular sash, while second-floor windows have Gothic lancet arches, and are stained glass. The entrance is near the street corner, sheltered by an open gable-roofed wood frame vestibule; a short wood-frame tower rises through the roof above.[2]

Portland's Abyssinian Society was founded in 1828, and originally met in the Abyssinian Meeting House, one of the nation's oldest surviving African-American churches. A separate African-American congregation, the Fourth Abyssinian, was split off from the Second Parish Church in 1835 and merged into the Abyssinian in 1842. This church was built for that congregation in 1914, and was described in contemporary reports as "one of the most pretentious churches for a Black congregation in New England".[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "NRHP nomination for Green Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-12-20.