The party's focus includes environmental issues, community-based economics, personal responsibility, diversity, social justice, and non-violence.
The Hawaii Green Party first qualified for the ballot in May 1992, one of the earliest state Green Parties to do so.
In November 1992, Keiko Bonk was elected to a seat on the Hawaii County (Big Island) County Council, the first Green to be elected in a partisan race in the United States. She was re-elected in 1994, but stepped down to run unsuccessfully for Island Mayor in 1996.
In November 1998, Julie Jacobson was elected to Bonk's old seat on the Big Island, which she held upon re-election in 2000. When she decided not to run in 2002, her husband Bob Jacobson ran and was elected, then re-elected again in 2004 and 2006. Jacobson lost in 2008. No Green Party members have since held elected office in Hawaii.
In 2012, the Green Party of Hawaii was certified to be included on Hawaii partisan election ballots in all races through 2020. The party sued the Chief Election Officer Scott Nago as the state ran out of ballots on election day. A decision in the lawsuit was rendered by the Supreme Court of Hawaii on 19 July 2016.