Green pheasant

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Green pheasant
Phasianus versicolor in field.JPG
Male in Japan
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianinae
Genus: Phasianus
Species: P. versicolor
Binomial name
Phasianus versicolor
Vieillot, 1825[2]

Phasianus colchicus versicolor

The green pheasant (Phasianus versicolor), also known as Japanese green pheasant, is native to the Japanese Archipelago, to which it is endemic.[1][3] It was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the common pheasant.[4] It is the national bird of Japan.[5]


The male (cock) has dark green plumage on the breast, neck, mantle, and flanks. The male also has blueish-purplish hood with clear ear-tufts, red wattle, and long, pale grey-banded tail. The female is smaller than the male, with a shorter tail, and has cryptically colored plumage, with dark brown feather fringed pale brown.[3]

Habitat and distribution[edit]

It is found throughout Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu as well as some smaller islands;[3] it has also been introduced in Hawaii[1] and (unsuccessfully) in North America as a gamebird. It inhabits woodlands and forest edges, brush, grassland, and parkland.[3]



  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2014). "Phasianus versicolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 20 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Phasianus versicolor (Vieillot, 1825)". ITIS. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  3. ^ a b c d Brazil, Mark (2009). Birds of East Asia. Christopher Helm. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978-0-7136-7040-0. 
  4. ^ E.g., "Phasianus colchicus versicolor Green Pheasant". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 20 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Kokucho (The national bird)". Retrieved 25 July 2014.  Declared national bird by a non-government body in 1947

External links[edit]