Green pheasant

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Green pheasant
Phasianus versicolor in field.JPG
Male in Japan
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianinae
Genus: Phasianus
Species: P. versicolor
Binomial name
Phasianus versicolor
Vieillot, 1825[1]

The green pheasant (Phasianus versicolor) also known as Japanese pheasant, is native to the Japanese Archipelago, to which it is endemic. The male (cock) has dark green plumage on the breast and mantle. The male also has an iridescent violet neck, red bare facial skin and purplish green tail. The female is smaller than the male and has plumage ranging from light brown with dark spots to an all over dark brown.

It is the national bird of Japan.[2]

This species is common and widespread throughout its native range. It frequents farmlands and is often seen close to human settlements; it also has been introduced in Hawaii and (unsuccessfully) in North America as a gamebird.

Some authorities[who?] consider the green pheasant a subspecies of the common pheasant.



  1. ^ "Phasianus versicolor (Vieillot, 1825)". ITIS. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  2. ^ "Kokucho(The national bird)". Retrieved 25 July 2014.  Declared national bird by a non-government body in 1947

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