|Male in Japan|
Phasianus colchicus versicolor
The green pheasant (Phasianus versicolor), also known as Japanese green pheasant, is native to the Japanese Archipelago, to which it is endemic. It was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the common pheasant. It is the national bird of Japan.
The male (cock) has dark green plumage on the breast, neck, mantle, and flanks. The male also has blueish-purplish hood with clear ear-tufts, red wattle, and long, pale grey-banded tail. The female is smaller than the male, with a shorter tail, and has cryptically[clarification needed] colored plumage, with dark brown feather fringed pale brown.
Habitat and distribution
It is found throughout Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu as well as some smaller islands; it has also been introduced in Hawaii and (unsuccessfully) in North America as a gamebird. It inhabits woodlands and forest edges, brush, grassland, and parkland.
- BirdLife International (2014). "Phasianus versicolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Phasianus versicolor (Vieillot, 1825)". ITIS. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Brazil, Mark (2009). Birds of East Asia. Christopher Helm. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978-0-7136-7040-0.
- E.g., "Phasianus colchicus versicolor Green Pheasant". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Kokucho (The national bird)". japanlink.co.jp. Retrieved 25 July 2014. Declared national bird by a non-government body in 1947
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- gbwf.org - Green Pheasant (Phasianus versicolor)