Green Street (film)
|Directed by||Lexi Alexander|
|Produced by||Donald Zuckerman
Deborah Del Prete
|Screenplay by||Lexi Alexander
|Story by||Lexi Alexander
|Narrated by||Sam Gibson|
|Music by||Christopher Franke|
|Edited by||Paul Trejo|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures (UK)
Freestyle Releasing (US)
|Box office||$3,154,346 (Worldwide)|
Green Street is a 2005 British-American independent drama film about football hooliganism. It was directed by Lexi Alexander and stars Elijah Wood and Charlie Hunnam. In the United Kingdom, it is called Green Street. In the United States, Australia and South Africa, the film is called Green Street Hooligans. In other countries, it is called Football Hooligans or just Hooligans. In the film, an American college student falls in with a violent West Ham football firm (the Green Street Elite) run by his brother-in-law's younger brother and is morally transformed by their commitment to each other.
The story was developed by Lexi Alexander, based on her own experience in her brother's firm. Lexi started into to football games because her brother was always forced to baby sit her. Unwilling to shoot the film with German speaking actors, Lexi decided to adapt the heart of the story into the world of English hooliganism. While researching the subject on British internet forums, she came across a self-described hooligan who urged her to contact author Dougie Brimson. Brimson later admitted that he had been the hooligan who had initially made contact and had used a false identity to sound out Alexander and establish both her identity and her credibility.
Brimson wrote the initial script but Alexander later recruited another writer, Josh Shelov, to assist with structure and plot, while Brimson offered technical advice. However, little of his rewrite made the final cut on account of Shelov's lack of understanding of both football and the hooligan culture and Brimson took over as head writer.
Both actors, Elijah Wood and Charlie Hunnam spent time with actual hooligans who were part of the real Green Street Elite. The Green Street Elite helped consult both actors in the matter of how hooligans act. Elijah Wood, after the film, has been quoted say he has a greater respect for attending football matches and how truly electrifying the matches can be. Although, he does not plan to follow the sport of football because of his lack of interest of all professional sports.
Throughout the film, the Green Street Elite, loosely based on West Ham's Inter City Firm, fight other "firms" such as Chelsea F.C's Headhunters, Tottenham Hotspur's Yid Army, Birmingham City's Zulus, Manchester United's Red Army and Millwall's Bushwackers. Two sequels followed in the form of direct-to-video releases. The first called Green Street 2: Stand Your Ground was released on various dates throughout the world from March 2009 to July 2010 while and the second called Green Street 3: Never Back Down was released in the UK on 21 October 2013
Matt Buckner (Elijah Wood), a journalism major, is expelled from Harvard University after cocaine is discovered in his room. However, the cocaine belongs to Jeremy Van Holden (Terence Jay), his roommate. Buckner is afraid to speak up because the Van Holdens are a powerful family, and Jeremy offers him $10,000 for taking the fall. Matt doesn't initially accept the money, but reconsiders and uses the money to visit his sister Shannon (Claire Forlani), her husband Steve Dunham (Marc Warren) and their young son, Ben (James Allison) living in London. There, Matt meets Steve's brother, Pete (Charlie Hunnam), an acerbic and imposing Cockney who leads the local football hooligan firm -Green Street Elite (GSE): a group of football supporters that arranges fights after matches - and teaches at a local school. Steve asks Pete to take Matt to a football match between West Ham United and Birmingham City, though Pete is reluctant to take a "Yank" to a football match, because of the xenophobic attitude of his friends. He is persuaded because Steve will only give the money Pete needs to Matt. After defeating Matt in a fight, Pete decides to take Matt to the football match, thinking he might learn something about football.
Matt meets Pete's friends and his firm in the Abbey, their local pub. The hooligans all befriend Matt, with the exception of Pete's stubborn right-hand man, Bovver (Leo Gregory). After a few pints of lager, they head to Upton Park for the match. After the match, Pete, Bovver, and the other firm members agree to go and fight some Birmingham fans, but Matt decides that it is not for him and tells Pete he is going to take the train home. On his way back to the underground, Matt is jumped by three Birmingham fans, who nearly give him a 'Chelsea Grin', but he is rescued by some GSE members, who are on their way to a larger fight. Though grossly outnumbered, the GSE manage to stand their ground until reinforcements chase off the Birmingham firm. Matt does well in his first true fight and is inducted into the GSE. After a row with Steve, Matt moves in with Pete, and the two exchange stories.
The GSE firm then head to an away game against Manchester United. Matt was not meant to come but ends up sneaking onto the train. Whilst on the train they are warned that 40 Manchester United firm members are waiting for them at the station singing "Where's your famous GSE!". Bovver hits the emergency stop button which allows the GSE to get off at an earlier stop (Macclesfield). Having failed to find a taxi, they persuade a van driver to take them into Manchester. Matt sits in the front of the van with the driver; the rest of the GSE are in the rear. As the van approaches the Manchester United fans, Matt tells them that they are moving equipment for a Hugh Grant film, so the fans let them through. When past them, he stops the van, opens up the back, and the GSE charge out to attack the United firm members. They win the fight and run away singing "There's your famous GSE!"
It is revealed earlier in the movie to Matt that the GSE's sworn enemy is Millwall's firm, led by Tommy Hatcher (Geoff Bell), with whom Bovver makes negotiations after getting jealous of Matt. After one of the members of the GSE see Matt meeting his father, a renowned journalist for The Times, for lunch, they assume Matt is a "journo" as well. Bovver informs Pete of this, and, when Steve finds out, he goes to the Abbey to warn Matt. Matt finds out that Steve used to be "The Major" of the GSE but quit following a match against Millwall, to which Tommy Hatcher brought along his 12-year-old son. The boy was killed in the ensuing fight by members of the GSE, causing Tommy Hatcher to "lose the plot," blaming Steve and the GSE for his son's death. After witnessing this tragedy, Steve left football hooliganism for good.
At that moment, Bovver and Pete arrive, get into a brawl within the Abbey, in which Bovver comes out defeated. Agitated, Bovver goes to Millwall's local and asks Tommy Hatcher to ambush GSE at the Abbey. Initially reluctant to get involved with an internal struggle within the GSE, Tommy Hatcher agrees upon learning that Steve Dunham is there. Pete angrily confronts Matt in the bathroom over the covering-up of his real identity. The Millwall firm then crash the Abbey, and petrol bomb the bar. Upon arriving, Tommy Hatcher attacks Steve. Steve's attempt to convince Tommy Hatcher that he is no longer involved in the GSE only further reminds Hatcher of his son, and he stabs Steve in the neck with a broken bottle, telling him that if he dies tonight then they are both even. Bovver, who had been knocked unconscious by one of Tommy Hatcher's men upon arriving at the Abbey, awakes just in time to help Steve, who is dying. At the hospital, Pete criticizes Bovver for his betrayal. Shannon decides to head back to the United States to ensure the safety of her family.
In the aftermath, the two firms meet near the Millennium Dome for a violent and blood-curdling brawl. Matt and Bovver show up to fight for the GSE, but during the fight, Matt's sister, Shannon, turns up with her infant son to look for Matt and are proceeded to be attacked by Hatcher's right-hand man. Matt and Bovver come to their rescue. Pete notices that Tommy Hatcher is approaching the car, and distracts Tommy by goading him to "finish him off." When Tommy Hatcher declares to have finished with him, Pete then retorts that Tommy Hatcher was to blame for his son's death, having failed to protect him, shouting "he was your son!". Tommy Hatcher, driven to insanity, tackles Pete to ground, eventually beating him to death, all the while shouting out a variation of the words to the chant 'Only a poor little Hammer,' using it as an analogy for Pete's condition. As both sides draw a line at manslaughter, the fight completely halts at this point, and a distraught Tommy is pulled off Pete by members of his firm. Everyone on both sides gathers around Pete's dead body in shock, with Bovver sobbing at his side.
Matt returns to the United States and confronts Jeremy Van Holden in a restaurant toilet, where Jeremy is snorting cocaine. Jeremy arrogantly tells Matt to leave during a brief discussion in which he admits to his identity as the cocaine stash's true owner. Matt then pulls out a tape recorder and plays back what Jeremy just said, saying that it is his "ticket back to Harvard." Jeremy lunges at him to try to get the tape, but Matt casually reverses the attack and raises his fist as if to punch Jeremy. He does not do so, instead walking out with a smile as Jeremy collapses to the floor, anxious. The film ends with Matt walking down the street outside the restaurant singing "I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles."
- Elijah Wood as Matthew 'Matt' Buckner, nicknamed "The Yank". A 20-year-old American everyman, studying journalism at Harvard University. His mother has died, and his sister lives in London with her English husband. He does not see his dad very often, because he is away working most of the time.
- Charlie Hunnam as Peter 'Pete' Dunham. He teaches history and PE in a local primary school, and also runs West Ham's firm, the Green Street Elite (GSE). He is Steve's younger brother.
- Leo Gregory as Bovver, a member of the GSE, and Pete's right-hand man.
- Claire Forlani as Shannon Dunham (née Buckner). Matt's older sister, married to Steve, mother of Ben.
- Marc Warren as Steven 'Steve' Dunham. He ran the GSE in the early '90s and was known as the Major, but he resigned and now lives with his wife Shannon and his son Ben.
- Ross McCall as Dave Bjorno, a commercial airline pilot and member of the GSE.
- Rafe Spall as Swill, a member of the GSE.
- Kieran Bew as Ike, a member of the GSE
- Geoff Bell as Tommy Hatcher, leader of Millwall's firm, the NTO.
- James Allison and Oliver Allison as Ben Dunham, son of Shannon and Steve.
- Terence Jay as Jeremy Van Holden, a cocaine addict and dealer, son of a senator, currently studying at Harvard University.
- Joel Beckett as Terry, landlord of the Bridgett Abbey pub on Walsh Road, and a former member of the GSE. He was Steve's right-hand man when Steve led the GSE.
The name of the firm in film, the Green Street Elite, refers to Green Street in the London Borough of Newham, where West Ham's home stadium, Upton Park is located. West Ham is supported by one of England's notorious hooligan firms: the Inter City Firm (ICF).
The film received mixed reviews upon release. It scored 46% on film website Rotten Tomatoes and 55% on the website Metacritic. Roger Ebert gave the film a very favourable review, while the BBC described it as "calamitous". E! Online reviewed it as "saddled with a predictable storyline and such feckless dialogue that you can't help but view the whole thing as an exercise in stupidity". Lead star Charlie Hunnam's attempted Cockney accent was derided by many critics as the worst in movie history.
Unbeknownst to the director or the producers, writer Dougie Brimson inserted numerous references to his Royal Air Force background into the script as well as a number of private 'in-jokes'. One of these is the use of the term, GSE which actually refers to Brimson's trade whilst serving in the military (Ground Support Equipment). Green Street Elite was developed to fit those initials.
Despite numerous references to differences between the film and the book, Green Street was not based on a book of any kind. The planned novelisation was shelved following creative and contractual disputes between Brimson and Alexander.
Green Street won several awards including Best Feature at the LA Femme Film Festival, Best of the Fest at the Malibu Film Festival, and the Special Jury Award at the SXSW Film Festival.
The film was nominated for the William Shatner Golden Groundhog Award for Best Underground Movie, other nominated films were Neil Gaiman's and Dave McKean's MirrorMask, the award winning baseball documentary Up for Grabs and Opie Gets Laid.
The film does not star most of the main cast of the first film, but rather focuses on Ross McCall, who played Dave in the first film. The plot has Dave, who was caught from the fight at the end of the first film, in a prison where he must fight to survive.
Green Street 3: Never Back Down was released in the UK on 21 October 2013.
Starring Scott Adkins from The Expendables 2. Danny Harvey (Adkins) has spent all of his life fighting - in the playground, on the football pitch, and then heading up the West Ham firm the Green Street Elite (GSE). After having turned his back from violence fourteen years prior, Danny is thrust back into the GSE. Younger brother Joey, played by Billy Cook, is killed in an organised fight against a rival firm and Danny is desperate to seek revenge for his brother’s death. Danny returns to the GSE and his past, the only way he knows to find out who killed his younger brother.
- The Independent Archived 2 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Green Street on Rotten Tomatoes". Uk.rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "Green Street on Metacritic". Metacritic.com. 9 September 2005. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "Roger Ebert on Green Street Hooligans". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. 8 September 2005. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- von Busack, Richard (8 March 2006). "Sunnyvale". Metroactive. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- Tyler, Joshua (10 January 2006). "Shatner Gets His Own Award". Cinema Blend. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
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