Greenbushes, Western Australia

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Western Australia
Greenbushes WA Blackwood Road.jpg
Blackwood Road in Greenbushes, in the 1920s
Greenbushes is located in Western Australia
Coordinates33°50′56″S 116°03′32″E / 33.849°S 116.059°E / -33.849; 116.059Coordinates: 33°50′56″S 116°03′32″E / 33.849°S 116.059°E / -33.849; 116.059
Population362 (2016 census)[1]
Location250 km (155 mi) S of Perth
LGA(s)Shire of Bridgetown-Greenbushes
State electorate(s)Blackwood-Stirling
Federal Division(s)O'Connor

Greenbushes is a timber and mining town located in the South West region of Western Australia. The 2016 population was 362.[1]


Greenbushes was founded as a mining town in 1888 following a surveyor's discovery of tin in 1886.[2] Greenbushes was named after the bright green bushes that contrasted against the grey eucalyptus trees.[3] The railway from Donnybrook to Bridgetown opened in 1898, with Greenbushes station located approximately six kilometres north of the main townsite.[3] The area surrounding the train station was renamed North Greenbushes to reduce confusion.[3]

The town experienced a period of economic boom until the international price of tin slumped in 1893, which caused the Greenbushes industry to collapse.[2] By 1913, approximately one quarter of Greenbushes' inhabitants were working in the timber industry, which was established shortly after the first mine.[2]


Greenbushes' two major industries are mining, producing tantalite concentrates, lithium minerals, tin metal and kaolin; and timber milling.[4] Agriculture, viticulture, tourism and art galleries are also part of Greenbushes' industry.[4]

The Greenbushes mine, located to the south of the town, has produced lithium concentrate since 1985.[5]


  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Greenbushes (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 May 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b c "Travel: Greenbushes". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 2008-01-15.
  3. ^ a b c Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – G". Retrieved 2008-01-15.
  4. ^ a b "Shire of Bridgetown-Greenbushes: Business and Industry". Archived from the original on 2013-05-14. Retrieved 2008-01-15.
  5. ^ "Greenbushes Lithium Operations".

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