Greene, New York
|Greene, New York|
Aerial view of Greene from the south, 2013. The Chenango River can be seen running roughly north-south in the eastern part of town.
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Jack T. Cook (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||75.6 sq mi (195.9 km2)|
|• Land||75.1 sq mi (194.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)|
|Elevation||920 ft (280 m)|
|• Density||75/sq mi (28.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Greene is a town in Chenango County, New York, United States. The population was 5,604 at the 2010 census. The town is named after General Nathanael Greene. It is located in the southwest corner of the county and contains a village, also named Greene. The town and village are northeast of Binghamton.
Part of modern Greene was from land purchased in 1785 from the Oneida and Tuscarora people, but many of the Oneida remained in the area until about 1812. In 1792, the first outside settler arrived and established himself at Greene village.
The town was originally known as "Hornby", but changed its name to Greene in honor of General Nathanael Greene, a hero of the American Revolution.
The town was formed from the towns of Bainbridge and Union (Broome County) in 1798. More was added to Greene from Bainbridge (then "Jericho") in 1799. The town was later reduced by the formation of new towns: Coventry (1806) and Smithville (1808). More of Greene was taken to form part of the town of Barker in 1840, and another part of Greene was added to Coventry in 1843.
In 1842, the village of Greene was incorporated within the town.
In 1945 the Gross Flat flying field was purchased by Robert Barrows and the Greene Airport was established. The airport is still in operation and is located on 173 Airport Road. Boasting one of the longest and widest grass strips in the area, it is frequented by pilots in training. It is open to the public and has a local CFII instructor and a certified A&P. The Greene Airport also has a live updating weather station that sends data to the National Weather Service.
The Chenango River Theatre was founded in Greene in 2006 by Jeffrey S. Brooks. The 99-seat theatre is the only professional (equity) theatre in Broome and Chenango counties.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 75.6 square miles (195.9 km2), of which 75.1 square miles (194.4 km2) is land and 0.54 square miles (1.4 km2), or 0.72%, is water. The Chenango River, a tributary of the Susquehanna River, flows southward through the town.
The west and south town lines form the border with Broome County.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,729 people, 2,275 households, and 1,540 families residing in the town. The population density was 76.2 people per square mile (29.4/km²). There were 2,550 housing units at an average density of 33.9 per square mile (13.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.53% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population.
There were 2,275 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,333, and the median income for a family was $41,943. Males had a median income of $33,487 versus $22,881 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,640. About 8.3% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Greene
- Crestmont – A residential development off NY-206 atop Juliand Hill.
- Fickles Corner – A hamlet in the southwest corner of Greene on NY-12.
- Genegantslet – A hamlet northwest of Greene village on NY-206.
- Greene – The village of Greene, located on NY-12 and NY-206.
- Lower Genegantslet Corner – A hamlet southwest of Greene village on NY-12.
- Quinneville – A hamlet by the south town line on County Road 9.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Greene town, Chenango County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 143.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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