Greene County, Indiana

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Greene County
Greene County Courthouse in Bloomfield
Greene County Courthouse in Bloomfield
Map of Indiana highlighting Greene County
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°02′N 86°58′W / 39.04°N 86.97°W / 39.04; -86.97
Country United States
State Indiana
FoundedJanuary 5, 1821
Named forNathanael Greene
SeatBloomfield
Largest cityLinton
Area
 • Total545.92 sq mi (1,413.9 km2)
 • Land542.50 sq mi (1,405.1 km2)
 • Water3.42 sq mi (8.9 km2)  0.63%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
32,006
 • Density61/sq mi (23.64/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.co.greene.in.us
Indiana county number 28

Greene County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 33,165.[1] The county seat is Bloomfield.[2] The county was determined by the US Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1930.[3]

History[edit]

Greene County was formed in 1821, from unincorporated territory and from a portion of the previous Sullivan County. It was named for General Nathanael Greene, who commanded the southern theater in the American Revolutionary War, which eventually forced the British army under Charles Cornwallis to retreat to Yorktown. There it was forced to surrender, ensuring American independence.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Bloomfield, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2.2
 
 
36
18
 
 
2.5
 
 
41
20
 
 
4.2
 
 
52
32
 
 
3.9
 
 
64
42
 
 
5
 
 
75
51
 
 
4.2
 
 
83
61
 
 
4.7
 
 
87
64
 
 
3.6
 
 
85
63
 
 
3.2
 
 
79
55
 
 
3.1
 
 
68
43
 
 
3.7
 
 
54
34
 
 
3.5
 
 
41
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in Bloomfield have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1963 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1953. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.20 inches (56 mm) in January to 5.00 inches (127 mm) in May.[5]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[6][7]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in four-year staggered terms. This board is charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[6][7]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[7]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and circuit court clerk. Each serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[7]

Greene County is part of Indiana's 8th congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 39 and 48;[8] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 45, 60 and 62.[9]

Greene County tends to vote Republican. Since 1888, county voters have chosen the Republican Party nominee in 73% (24 of 34) of the elections through 2020.

United States presidential election results for Greene County, Indiana[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 11,103 75.10% 3,389 22.92% 292 1.98%
2016 10,277 74.14% 2,929 21.13% 655 4.73%
2012 8,457 64.36% 4,350 33.10% 334 2.54%
2008 7,691 56.34% 5,709 41.82% 250 1.83%
2004 8,609 64.48% 4,606 34.50% 137 1.03%
2000 7,452 59.05% 4,898 38.81% 269 2.13%
1996 5,746 44.67% 5,277 41.03% 1,839 14.30%
1992 5,410 39.76% 5,431 39.91% 2,767 20.33%
1988 7,689 55.94% 5,979 43.50% 78 0.57%
1984 8,438 60.71% 5,267 37.90% 193 1.39%
1980 7,452 52.86% 6,027 42.75% 619 4.39%
1976 6,442 46.54% 7,263 52.47% 138 1.00%
1972 8,453 64.80% 4,450 34.11% 142 1.09%
1968 6,525 48.37% 5,493 40.72% 1,473 10.92%
1964 5,919 40.62% 8,574 58.85% 77 0.53%
1960 8,810 57.81% 6,325 41.51% 104 0.68%
1956 8,722 54.62% 7,186 45.00% 61 0.38%
1952 8,620 53.25% 7,417 45.82% 152 0.94%
1948 7,453 48.20% 7,709 49.85% 301 1.95%
1944 8,213 54.44% 6,744 44.70% 129 0.86%
1940 9,071 50.71% 8,718 48.73% 100 0.56%
1936 7,460 43.01% 9,730 56.10% 154 0.89%
1932 6,397 40.15% 8,845 55.51% 691 4.34%
1928 8,262 57.81% 5,761 40.31% 268 1.88%
1924 6,670 45.93% 5,966 41.09% 1,885 12.98%
1920 7,486 48.65% 6,335 41.17% 1,567 10.18%
1916 3,878 43.33% 3,990 44.59% 1,081 12.08%
1912 2,156 25.11% 3,373 39.28% 3,057 35.60%
1908 4,145 44.17% 4,172 44.45% 1,068 11.38%
1904 4,698 53.13% 3,559 40.25% 586 6.63%
1900 3,502 48.46% 3,491 48.31% 233 3.22%
1896 3,434 50.28% 3,344 48.96% 52 0.76%
1892 2,809 48.06% 2,488 42.57% 548 9.38%
1888 2,934 51.96% 2,659 47.09% 54 0.96%


Education[edit]

Greene County has four separate school districts.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 545.92 square miles (1,413.9 km2), of which 542.50 square miles (1,405.1 km2) (or 99.37%) is land and 3.42 square miles (8.9 km2) (or 0.63%) is water.[11]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Economy[edit]

The Greene County Economic Development Corporation (GCEDC) currently serves to develop new businesses and support current businesses in Greene County, Indiana.[13] This asset was established to assist in bringing projects to the county. Coupled with The Indiana Economic Development Corporation, Greene County has developed an incentive portfolio to assist potential new employers.

The county has been designated a Labor Surplus Area and an SBA HUB Zone (Historically Underused Business Zone), which provides advantages to county businesses in government contract bidding and eligibility for federal and state assistance. Employee location and screening services are offered by WorkOne Linton, the local branch of the Indiana State Workforce Development office. Worker training programs are available onsite and at the Greene County Community Learning Center, which serves as a local access site for area colleges and universities.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18304,242
18408,32196.2%
185012,31348.0%
186016,04130.3%
187019,51421.7%
188022,99617.8%
189024,3796.0%
190028,53017.0%
191036,87329.2%
192036,770−0.3%
193031,481−14.4%
194031,330−0.5%
195027,886−11.0%
196026,327−5.6%
197026,8942.2%
198030,41613.1%
199030,4100.0%
200033,1579.0%
201033,1650.0%
2018 (est.)32,006[14]−3.5%
US Decennial Census[15]
1790–1960[16] 1900–1990[17]
1990–2000[18] 2010–2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,165 people, 13,487 households, and 9,276 families in the county.[19] The population density was 61.1 inhabitants per square mile (23.6/km2). There were 15,211 housing units at an average density of 28.0 per square mile (10.8/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 98.1% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[19] In terms of ancestry, 25.5% were German, 16.8% were Irish, 12.9% were American, and 11.2% were English.[20]

Of the 13,487 households, 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, and 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.1 years.[19]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $50,740. Males had a median income of $41,524 versus $31,890 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,676. About 10.0% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Greene County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Mean Center of Population for the United States: 1790 to 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
  4. ^ Baker, Ronald L.; Carmony, Marvin (1975). Indiana Place Names. Bloomington IN: Indiana University Press. p. 63.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Bloomfield IN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  6. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  7. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  8. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
  9. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
  10. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved May 16, 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 10, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  12. ^ Dresden (Visit Greene County)
  13. ^ Greene County Economic Development Corporation
  14. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  15. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  16. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  17. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  18. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  19. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  20. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  21. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.

Coordinates: 39°02′N 86°58′W / 39.04°N 86.97°W / 39.04; -86.97