Greene County, Indiana

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Greene County, Indiana
Greene County Courthouse in Bloomfield front and western side distant.jpg
Greene County Courthouse in Bloomfield
Map of Indiana highlighting Greene County
Location in the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Bloomfield
Largest city Linton
Area
 • Total 545.92 sq mi (1,414 km2)
 • Land 542.50 sq mi (1,405 km2)
 • Water 3.42 sq mi (9 km2), 0.63%
Population
 • (2010) 33,165
 • Density 61/sq mi (23.64/km2)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.co.greene.in.us
Footnotes: Indiana county number 28

Greene County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 33,165.[1] The county seat is Bloomfield.[2] The county was determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1930.[3]

Greene County is part of the Bloomington, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Greene County was formed in 1821. It was named for General Nathanael Greene. A "fighting Quaker", Greene commanded the southern theater in the Revolutionary War, which eventually forced the British army under Charles Cornwallis to retreat to Yorktown. There it was forced to surrender, ensuring American independence.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Bloomfield, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.2
 
 
36
18
 
 
2.5
 
 
41
20
 
 
4.2
 
 
52
32
 
 
3.9
 
 
64
42
 
 
5
 
 
75
51
 
 
4.2
 
 
83
61
 
 
4.7
 
 
87
64
 
 
3.6
 
 
85
63
 
 
3.2
 
 
79
55
 
 
3.1
 
 
68
43
 
 
3.7
 
 
54
34
 
 
3.5
 
 
41
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in Bloomfield have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1963 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1953. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.20 inches (56 mm) in January to 5.00 inches (127 mm) in May.[5]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[6][7]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[6][7]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[7]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[7]

Greene County is part of Indiana's 8th congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 39 and 48;[8] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 45, 60 and 62.[9]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 74.1% 10,277 21.1% 2,929 4.7% 655
2012 64.4% 8,457 33.1% 4,350 2.5% 334
2008 56.3% 7,691 41.8% 5,709 1.8% 250
2004 64.5% 8,609 34.5% 4,606 1.0% 137
2000 59.1% 7,452 38.8% 4,898 2.1% 269
1996 44.7% 5,746 41.0% 5,277 14.3% 1,839
1992 39.8% 5,410 39.9% 5,431 20.3% 2,767
1988 55.9% 7,689 43.5% 5,979 0.6% 78
1984 60.7% 8,438 37.9% 5,267 1.4% 193
1980 52.9% 7,452 42.8% 6,027 4.4% 619
1976 46.5% 6,442 52.5% 7,263 1.0% 138
1972 64.8% 8,453 34.1% 4,450 1.1% 142
1968 48.4% 6,525 40.7% 5,493 10.9% 1,473
1964 40.6% 5,919 58.9% 8,574 0.5% 77
1960 57.8% 8,810 41.5% 6,325 0.7% 104
1956 54.6% 8,722 45.0% 7,186 0.4% 61
1952 53.3% 8,620 45.8% 7,417 0.9% 152
1948 48.2% 7,453 49.9% 7,709 2.0% 301
1944 54.4% 8,213 44.7% 6,744 0.9% 129
1940 50.7% 9,071 48.7% 8,718 0.6% 100
1936 43.0% 7,460 56.1% 9,730 0.9% 154
1932 40.2% 6,397 55.5% 8,845 4.3% 691
1928 57.8% 8,262 40.3% 5,761 1.9% 268
1924 45.9% 6,670 41.1% 5,966 13.0% 1,885
1920 48.7% 7,486 41.2% 6,335 10.2% 1,567
1916 43.3% 3,878 44.6% 3,990 12.1% 1,081
1912 25.1% 2,156 39.3% 3,373 35.6% 3,057
1908 44.2% 4,145 44.5% 4,172 11.4% 1,068
1904 53.1% 4,698 40.3% 3,559 6.6% 586
1900 48.5% 3,502 48.3% 3,491 3.2% 233
1896 50.3% 3,434 49.0% 3,344 0.8% 52
1892 48.1% 2,809 42.6% 2,488 9.4% 548
1888 52.0% 2,934 47.1% 2,659 1.0% 54

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 545.92 square miles (1,413.9 km2), of which 542.50 square miles (1,405.1 km2) (or 99.37%) is land and 3.42 square miles (8.9 km2) (or 0.63%) is water.[11]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Economy[edit]

The Greene County Economic Development Corporation (GCEDC) currently serves to develop new businesses and support current businesses in Greene County, Indiana.[12]

The business friendly county government enhances the commercial and industrial opportunities available in Greene County. Reasonable land prices and taxes create an excellent “cost of doing business ratio”.

The Greene County Economic Development Corporation has a trained staff available to help put a project together in a timely and efficient manner. Coupled with The Indiana Economic Development Corporation, Greene County has developed a complete incentive portfolio to assist potential new employers.

The county has been designated a Labor Surplus Area and an SBA HUB Zone (Historically Underutilized Business Zone) which provide county business with unique advantages in government contract bidding and eligibility for federal and state assistance. Employee location and screening services are offered by WorkOne Linton, the local branch of the Indiana State Workforce Development office. Greene County offers an outstanding educated, affordable and available work force. Worker training programs are available on site and at the Greene County Community Learning Center which serves as a local access site or "front door" for area colleges and universities.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18304,242
18408,32196.2%
185012,31348.0%
186016,04130.3%
187019,51421.7%
188022,99617.8%
189024,3796.0%
190028,53017.0%
191036,87329.2%
192036,770−0.3%
193031,481−14.4%
194031,330−0.5%
195027,886−11.0%
196026,327−5.6%
197026,8942.2%
198030,41613.1%
199030,4100.0%
200033,1579.0%
201033,1650.0%
Est. 201632,211[13]−2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,165 people, 13,487 households, and 9,276 families residing in the county.[18] The population density was 61.1 inhabitants per square mile (23.6/km2). There were 15,211 housing units at an average density of 28.0 per square mile (10.8/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 98.1% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 25.5% were German, 16.8% were Irish, 12.9% were American, and 11.2% were English.[19]

Of the 13,487 households, 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, and 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.1 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $50,740. Males had a median income of $41,524 versus $31,890 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,676. About 10.0% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Greene County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Mean Center of Population for the United States: 1790 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2001-11-03. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  4. ^ Baker, Ronald L.; Carmony, Marvin (1975). Indiana Place Names. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 63. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Bloomfield, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  9. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  10. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-16. 
  11. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  12. ^ Greene County Economic Development Corporation
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  19. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  20. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

Coordinates: 39°02′N 86°58′W / 39.04°N 86.97°W / 39.04; -86.97