Greene County, Missouri

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Greene County
The Historic Greene County Courthouse in Springfield
The Historic Greene County Courthouse in Springfield
Map of Missouri highlighting Greene County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°16′N 93°20′W / 37.26°N 93.34°W / 37.26; -93.34
Country United States
State Missouri
FoundedJanuary 2, 1833
Named forNathanael Greene
SeatSpringfield
Largest citySpringfield
Area
 • Total678 sq mi (1,760 km2)
 • Land675 sq mi (1,750 km2)
 • Water2.6 sq mi (7 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total275,174
 • Estimate 
(2019)
293,086
 • Density410/sq mi (160/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.greenecountymo.org

Greene County is located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, its population was 275,174,[1] making it the fourth most-populous county in Missouri. Its county seat and most-populous city is Springfield.[2] The county was organized in 1833 and is named after American Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene.[3]

Greene County is included in the Springfield metropolitan area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 678 square miles (1,760 km2), of which 675 square miles (1,750 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.4%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18405,372
185012,785138.0%
186013,1863.1%
187021,54963.4%
188028,80133.7%
189048,61668.8%
190052,7138.4%
191063,83121.1%
192068,6987.6%
193082,92920.7%
194090,5419.2%
1950104,92315.9%
1960126,27620.4%
1970152,92921.1%
1980185,30221.2%
1990207,94912.2%
2000240,39115.6%
2010275,17414.5%
2019 (est.)293,086[5]6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2019[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 240,391 people, 97,859 households, and 61,846 families residing in the county. The population density was 356 people per square mile (138/km2). There were 104,517 housing units at an average density of 155 per square mile (60/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.54% White, 2.26% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. Approximately 1.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 97,859 households, out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.80% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.30% under the age of 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,185, and the median income for a family was $56,047. Males had a median income of $30,672 versus $21,987 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,770. About 7.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

There are 190,417 registered voters in Greene County.[11]

Emergency services[edit]

Republic and Springfield have city fire departments. Additionally, the county is served by the following fire districts:

  • Ash Grove
  • Battlefield
  • Billings
  • Bois D'arc
  • Brookline
  • Ebenezer
  • Fair Grove
  • Logan-Rogersville
  • Strafford
  • Walnut Grove
  • West Republic
  • Willard

Law enforcement is provided by the Greene County Sheriffs Office. The current sheriff is Jim C. Arnott.[12]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Greene County.

Greene County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Brent Johnson Republican
Circuit Clerk Tom Barr Republican
County Clerk Shane Schoeller Republican
Collector Allen Icet Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Bob Dixon Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Rusty MacLachlan Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
John Russell Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Dan Patterson Republican
Public Administrator Sherri Martin Republican
Recorder Cheryl Spaulding Republican
Sheriff Jim Arnott Republican
Treasurer Justin Hill Republican

State House of Representatives[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 59.72% 84,582 37.79% 53,519 2.49% 3,523
2016 56.77% 73,601 37.76% 51,201 3.72% 4,841
2012 47.62% 59,660 49.46% 61,970 2.92% 3,659
2008 42.84% 57,565 54.45% 73,164 2.71% 3,641
2004 61.45% 76,645 37.25% 46,470 1.30% 1,621
2000 53.57% 54,770 44.61% 45,612 1.82% 1,861
1996 51.63% 49,991 45.08% 43,646 3.29% 3,189

Greene County is divided into eight legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives; six of which are held by Republicans and two Democratic seats. [13]

  • District 130 — Bishop Davidson (R-Springfield). The district includes the northern part the city of Springfield and rural area of north-central Greene County.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 130 — Greene County (2020)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Bishop Davidson 15,609 76.83% +5.61
Democratic Dave Gragg 4,665 22.96% -5.75
  • District 131 — Bill Owen (R-Springfield). The district includes the northern part the city of Springfield and rural area of north-central Greene County.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 131 — Greene County (2020)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Bill Owen 10,827 65.64% -1.59
Democratic Allison Schoolcraft 5,642 34.21% +1.63
Missouri House of Representatives — District 132 — Greene County (2020)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Crystal Quade 6289 59.17% -5.0
Republican Sara Semple 4,320 40.64% +5.09
  • District 133 — Curtis Trent (R-Springfield). The district includes Battlefield and a part of the city of Springfield.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 133 — Greene County (2020)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Curtis D. Trent 13,037 64.94% +.67
Democratic Cindy Slimp 7,005 34.90% -.69
Missouri House of Representatives — District 134 — Greene County (2020)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Alex Riley 10,469 55.72% 1.17
Democratic Derrick Nowlin 8,291 44.13% +1.15
Missouri House of Representatives — District 135 — Greene County (2020)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Betsy Fogle 8,555 48.20% +1.17
Republican Steve Helms 8,476 47.75% -4.91
Green Vicke Kepling 696 3.92% +3.92
  • District 136 — Craig Fishel (R-Springfield). The district includes parts of the city of Springfield and some rural area southeast of the city.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 136 — Greene County (2020)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Craig Fishel 13,739 58.53% +1.39
Democratic Jeff Munzinger 9,709 41.36% -1.39
  • District 137 — John Black (R-Marshfield). The district includes the communities of Fair Grove, Rogersville, and Strafford, as well as a large portion of Webster County.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 137 — Greene County (2020)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Black 9,307 76.70% +29.12
Democratic Raymond Lampert 2,817 23.22% -2.13
Libertarian Bill Boone 255 4.60% -14.97

State Senate[edit]

Greene County is also divided into two districts in the Missouri Senate, both of which represented by Republicans; District 20, representing large parts of Greene and Christian County, and District 30, representing mostly the city of Springfield.[16]

Missouri Senate -- District 20 -- Greene County (2018)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Eric Burlison 35,411 72.95% N/A
Democratic Jim Billedo 13,098 26.96% N/A
Missouri Senate -- District 30 -- Greene County (2018)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Lincoln Hough 34,987 53.16% N/A
Democratic Charlie Norr 30,690 46.63% N/A

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Greene County (2016)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Roy Blunt 72,993 56.22% +11.79
Democratic Jason Kander 50,967 39.26% -8.92
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 3,626 2.79% -4.60
Green Johnathan McFarland 1,256 0.97% +0.97
Constitution Fred Ryman 978 0.75% +0.75
Write-in Write-ins 7 0.01% +0.01
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Greene County (2012)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Todd Akin 55,304 44.43%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 59,979 48.18%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 9,197 7.39%

All of Greene County is included in Missouri's 7th Congressional District and is currently represented by Billy Long (R-Springfield) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Greene County (2016)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Billy Long 74,876 58.57% +4.75
Democratic Genevieve Williams 45,382 35.50% -2.19
Libertarian Benjamin T. Brixey 7,580 5.93% -2.56
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Greene County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Billy Long 33,738 53.82% -3.08
Democratic Jim Evans 23,624 37.69% +0.14
Libertarian Kevin Craig 5,323 8.49% +2.94
U.S. House of Representatives — Missour's 7th Congressional District — Greene County (2012)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Billy Long 70,212 56.90%
Democratic Jim Evans 46,331 37.55%
Libertarian Kevin Craig 6,850 5.55%

Political culture[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 59.0% 83,630 38.8% 55,068 2.2% 3,102
2016 59.8% 78,035 32.7% 42,728 7.5% 9,760
2012 60.8% 76,900 36.6% 46,219 2.6% 3,300
2008 57.1% 77,683 41.3% 56,181 1.7% 2,283
2004 62.2% 77,885 37.3% 46,657 0.6% 724
2000 57.5% 59,178 39.9% 41,091 2.6% 2,657
1996 49.6% 48,193 40.5% 39,300 10.0% 9,671
1992 44.0% 46,457 38.9% 41,137 17.1% 18,119
1988 59.4% 52,211 40.3% 35,475 0.3% 267
1984 67.2% 57,250 32.8% 27,965
1980 55.7% 43,116 39.4% 30,498 4.9% 3,811
1976 52.2% 37,691 46.8% 33,824 1.0% 690
1972 70.6% 48,348 29.4% 20,155
1968 55.3% 32,638 33.3% 19,659 11.4% 6,751
1964 44.3% 23,989 55.7% 30,130
1960 64.4% 36,943 35.6% 20,457
1956 59.7% 29,944 40.3% 20,206
1952 60.6% 29,673 39.3% 19,234 0.2% 81
1948 47.5% 18,836 52.3% 20,762 0.2% 66
1944 55.4% 21,531 44.5% 17,287 0.2% 68
1940 49.1% 21,456 50.7% 22,130 0.3% 109
1936 44.5% 17,298 55.2% 21,489 0.3% 119
1932 42.5% 13,943 55.7% 18,255 1.8% 596
1928 66.9% 22,166 32.9% 10,901 0.3% 84
1924 45.7% 13,618 44.0% 13,084 10.3% 3,069
1920 56.0% 15,755 40.9% 11,514 3.1% 857
1916 49.0% 7,543 46.7% 7,191 4.4% 676
1912 34.6% 4,350 40.5% 5,089 24.9% 3,121
1908 49.8% 6,439 45.1% 5,830 5.1% 659
1904 55.0% 6,570 38.0% 4,540 7.0% 839
1900 50.7% 6,009 46.5% 5,519 2.8% 336
1896 47.6% 5,808 51.8% 6,327 0.6% 72
1892 45.8% 4,839 38.4% 4,051 15.8% 1,673
1888 50.7% 4,934 40.9% 3,984 8.4% 818

Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, Greene County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. George W. Bush carried Greene County in 2000 and 2004 by almost two-to-one margins, and like many other counties throughout Southwest Missouri, Greene County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008. In the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump carried Greene County by a margin of 60% to 33%.[21] The last Democratic presidential nominee to win Greene County was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it passed Greene County with 72.04 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage.[citation needed] In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it narrowly failed in Greene County with 51.62 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Greene County's longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Greene County with 74.41 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.[citation needed] In 2020, Greene County was one of only eight counties in Missouri and the only one outside St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia to vote yes on Amendment 2 to expand Medicaid - it passed Greene County with 52.3 percent of the vote and statewide with 53.3 percent.[22]

The county may be becoming less Republican. During the 2020 Census, it was noted that Springfield's residents were becoming more diverse,[23] with many of these diverse groups tending to support the Democratic party. Indeed, as the population of Springfield has grown, so has the percentage of Democratic voters, mirroring political trends in other conservative urban counties such as Potter County, Texas.

Missouri presidential preference primary (2008)[edit]

Voters in Greene County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

  • Although a conservative/Republican stronghold, U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) still received more votes, a total of 18,322, than any candidate from either party in Greene County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Greene County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain9,979 (27.09%)
Mike Huckabee15,645 (42.48%)
Mitt Romney9,271 (25.17%)
Ron Paul1,552 (4.21%)
Greene County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton18,322 (54.94%)
Barack Obama14,263 (42.77%)
John Edwards (withdrawn)613 (1.84%)

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

  • Ash Grove R-IV School District - Ash Grove
    • Ash Grove Elementary School - (PK-06)
    • Bois D'Arc Elementary School - (K-06) - Bois D'Arc
    • Ash Grove High School - (07-12)
  • Fair Grove R-X School District] - Fair Grove
    • Fair Grove Elementary School - (K-04)
    • Fair Grove Middle School - (05-08)
    • Fair Grove High School - (09-12)
  • Logan-Rogersville R-VIII School District] - Rogersville
    • Logan-Rogersville Primary School - (PK-01)
    • Logan-Rogersville Elementary School - (02-03)
    • Logan-Rogersville Upper Elementary School - (04-06)
    • Logan-Rogersville Middle School - (07-08)
    • Logan-Rogersville High School - (09-12)
  • Republic R-III School District - Republic
    • Republic Kindergarten School - (K)
    • Republic Elementary School I - (01-02)
    • Republic Elementary School II - (03-04)
    • Republic Elementary School III - (05-06)
    • Republic Middle School - (07-08)
    • Republic High School - (09-12)
  • Springfield R-XII School District - Springfield
    • Shady Dell Early Childhood Center - (PK) - Springfield
    • York Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Williams Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Wilder Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Westport Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Weller Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Weaver Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Watkins Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Truman Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Sunshine Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Sherwood Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Sequiota Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Rountree Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Robberson Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Portland Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Pleasant View Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Pittman Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Pershing Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • McGregor Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • McBride Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Mark Twain Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Walt Disney Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Jeffries Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Horace Mann Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Holland Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Hickory Hills Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Gray Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Fremont Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Field Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Delaware Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • David Harrison Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Cowden Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Campbell Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Boyd Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Bowerman Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Bissett Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Bingham Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Wilson's Creek 5-6 Intermediate Center - (05-06) - Battlefield
    • Study Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Reed Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Pleasant View Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Pipkin Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Pershing Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Jarrett Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Hickory Hills Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Cherokee Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Carver Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Parkview High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Kickapoo High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Hillcrest High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Glendale High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Central High School - (09-12) - Springfield
  • Strafford R-VI School District - Strafford
    • Strafford Elementary School - (K-04)
    • Strafford Middle School - (05-08)
    • Strafford High School - (09-12)
  • Walnut Grove R-V School District - Walnut Grove
    • Walnut Grove Preschool (PK)
    • Walnut Grove Elementary School - (K-06)
    • Walnut Grove High School - (07-12)
  • Willard R-II School District - Willard
    • Willard North Elementary School - (PK-04) - Willard
    • Willard East Elementary School - (K-04) - Willard
    • Willard South Elementary School - (PK-04) - Springfield
    • Willard Central Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Willard Intermediate School - (05-06) - Willard
    • Willard Middle School - (07-08) - Willard
    • Willard High School - (09-12) - Willard

Private schools[edit]

  • Christian Schools of Springfield - (PK-12) - Springfield - Baptist
  • Grace Classical Academy - (PK-12) - Springfield - Nondenominational Christianity
  • Greenwood Laboratory School - (K-12) - Springfield - Nonsectarian
  • Immaculate Conception School - (PK-8) - Springfield - Roman Catholic
  • New Covenant Academy - (PK-12) - Springfield - Nondenominatonal Christianity
  • Springfield Catholic High School - (09-12) - Springfield - Roman Catholic
  • Springfield Lutheran School - (PS-8) - Springfield - Lutheran MO Synod
  • St. Agnes Cathedral School - (PK-8) - Springfield - Roman Catholic
  • St. Elizabeth Ann Seton School - (PK-5) - Springfield - Roman Catholic
  • The Summit Preparatory School of Southwest Missouri - (PK-12) - Springfield - Nonsectarian

Alternative/other schools[edit]

  • Bailey Educational Center - (09-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Community Learning Center - (06-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Datema House - (05-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Excel School - (06-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Graff Career Center - (09-12) - Springfield - Vocational/Technical School
  • Greene County Special Education Cooperative - (K-12) - Republic - Special Education
  • Greene Valley - Springfield - Special Education
  • Phelps Gifted Center - (01-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School/Gifted Education
  • Wilson Creek Group Home - (06-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School

Colleges and universities[edit]

  • Missouri State University - Springfield - Formerly known as Southwest Missouri State University - A public, four-year university.
  • Evangel University - Springfield - A private, four-year Pentecostal liberal arts university.
  • Drury University - Springfield - A private, four-year liberal arts university.
  • Baptist Bible College - Springfield - A private, conservative Bible college owned by the Baptist Bible Fellowship International.
  • Ozarks Technical Community College - Springfield - A public, two-year community college.
  • Ozarks Technical Community College - Republic - A public, two-year community college.
  • Everest College - Springfield - A public, four-year for-profit Corinthian college.
  • Columbia College: Springfield Campus - Springfield - A private, four-year college.
  • Bryan University: Springfield Campus - Springfield - A private, four-year university.
  • Cox College - Springfield - A private, four-year non-profit nursing college.
  • University of Missouri: Springfield Clinical Campus] - Springfield - A public, four-year university.

Public libraries[edit]

  • Springfield-Greene County Library[24]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 170.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ IT, Missouri Secretary of State -. "Registered Voters in Missouri". www.sos.mo.gov. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  12. ^ https://greenecountymo.gov/sheriff/
  13. ^ "County Clerk". greenecountymo.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Summary Report for November 8, 2016". Greene County Clerk. November 11, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  15. ^ a b "County Results, State of Missouri - General Election - November 4, 2014". Retrieved March 23, 2016.
  16. ^ "County Clerk". greenecountymo.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  17. ^ https://greenecountymo.gov/county_clerk/election/result_output.php?id=1060. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ https://greenecountymo.gov/county_clerk/election/result_output.php?id=1060. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ a b "County Results, State of Missouri - General Election - November 6, 2012". Retrieved March 23, 2016.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  21. ^ "Elections 2016 - USA TODAY Network". USA TODAY. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  22. ^ "Live Results: Missouri Medicaid Expansion Amendment". The New York Times. 2020-08-11. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  23. ^ https://www.news-leader.com/story/news/local/ozarks/2021/08/13/census-2020-results-data-shows-springfield-missouri-mo-population-becoming-more-diverse/8123251002/
  24. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Springfield-Greene County Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°16′N 93°20′W / 37.26°N 93.34°W / 37.26; -93.34