Greene County, Missouri

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Greene County, Missouri
Greene County MO Courthouse 20151022-143.jpg
Historic Greene County Courthouse
Map of Missouri highlighting Greene County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded January 2, 1833
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Springfield
Largest city Springfield
Area
 • Total 678 sq mi (1,756 km2)
 • Land 675 sq mi (1,748 km2)
 • Water 2.6 sq mi (7 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 288,072
 • Density 407/sq mi (157/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.greenecountymo.org

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 275,174,[1] making it the fourth-most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Springfield.[2] The county was organized in 1833 and is named after American Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene.[3]

Greene County is included in the Springfield, MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 678 square miles (1,760 km2), of which 675 square miles (1,750 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.4%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,372
1850 12,785 138.0%
1860 13,186 3.1%
1870 21,549 63.4%
1880 28,801 33.7%
1890 48,616 68.8%
1900 52,713 8.4%
1910 63,831 21.1%
1920 68,698 7.6%
1930 82,929 20.7%
1940 90,541 9.2%
1950 104,923 15.9%
1960 126,276 20.4%
1970 152,929 21.1%
1980 185,302 21.2%
1990 207,949 12.2%
2000 240,391 15.6%
2010 275,174 14.5%
Est. 2016 288,690 [5] 4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 240,391 people, 97,859 households, and 61,846 families residing in the county. The population density was 356 people per square mile (138/km²). There were 104,517 housing units at an average density of 155 per square mile (60/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.54% White, 2.26% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. Approximately 1.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 97,859 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.80% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,185, and the median income for a family was $56,047. Males had a median income of $30,672 versus $21,987 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,770. About 7.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

There are 190,417 registered voters in Greene County.[11]

Emergency services[edit]

Republic and Springfield have city fire departments. Additionally, the county is served by the following fire districts:

  • Ash Grove
  • Battlefield
  • Billings
  • Brookline
  • Ebenezer
  • Fair Grove
  • Logan-Rogersville
  • Pleasant View[12]
  • Strafford
  • Walnut Grove
  • West Republic
  • Willard

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Greene County.

Greene County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Rick Kessinger Republican
Circuit Clerk Tom Barr Republican
County Clerk Shane Schoeller Republican
Collector Leah Betts Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Bob Cirtin Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Harold Bengsch Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Roseann Bentley Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Dan Patterson Republican
Public Administrator David Yancey Republican
Recorder Cheryl Dawson Republican
Sheriff Jim Arnott Republican
Treasurer Justin Hill Republican

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 56.77% 73,601 39,49% 51,201 3.73% 4,841
2012 47.62% 59,660 49.46% 61,970 2.92% 3,659
2008 42.84% 57,565 54.45% 73,164 2.71% 3,641
2004 61.45% 76,645 37.25% 46,470 1.30% 1,621
2000 53.57% 54,770 44.61% 45,612 1.82% 1,861
1996 51.63% 49,991 45.08% 43,646 3.29% 3,189

Greene County is divided into eight legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives; seven of which are held by Republicans and one Democratic seat.

  • District 130 — Jeff Messenger (R-Republic). Consists of all of the communities of Ash Grove, Bois D'Arc, Brookline, Republic, Willard, and a very small sliver of the city of Springfield.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 130 — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jeff Messenger 14,247 79.11% -20.89
Democratic Ella Jane Goeppinger 3,762 20.89% +20.89
Missouri House of Representatives — District 130 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jeff Messenger 7,598 100.00% +18.58
Missouri House of Representatives — District 130 — Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jeff Messenger 13,188 81.42%
Libertarian Jake Wilburn 3,009 18.58%
  • District 131 — Sonya Anderson (R-Springfield). The district includes the northern part the city of Springfield and rural area of north-central Greene County.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 131 — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sonya Murray Anderson 10,267 67.77% -5.15
Democratic Nate Branscom 4,148 27.38% +0.30
Libertarian Arthur Hodge Sr. 735 4.85% +4.85
Missouri House of Representatives — District 131 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sonya Murray Anderson 5,578 72.92% -72.92
Democratic Marlee Yant 2,072 27.08% +27.08
Missouri House of Representatives - District 131 - Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sonya Anderson 13,279 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 132 — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Crystal Quade 5,215 52.26% -3.96
Republican Thomas Quinn 4,243 42.52% -1.26
Libertarian Chris Burros 521 5.22% +5.22
Missouri House of Representatives — District 132 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Charlie Norr 2,100 56.22% +2.13
Republican Fred Elison 1,635 43.78% -2.13
Missouri House of Representatives — District 132 — Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Charlie Norr 5,203 54.09%
Republican Melissa Leach 4,416 45.91%
  • District 133 — Curtis Trent (R-Springfield). The district includes Battlefield and a part of the city of Springfield.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 133 — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Curtis D. Trent 12,368 68.30% -32.70
Democratic Jim Clemmons 5,741 32.70% +32.70
Missouri House of Representatives — District 133 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Eric Burlison 7,047 100.00% +29.51
Missouri House of Representatives — District 133 — Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Eric Burlison 11,878 70.49%
Democratic Nicholas Landendorf 4,972 29.51%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 134 — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Elijah Haahr 9,901 58.40% -5.79
Democratic Angela Dowler Pryor 6,313 37.23% +1.42
Libertarian Daniel A. Romine 741 4.37% +4.37
Missouri House of Representatives — District 134 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Elijah Haahr 5,214 64.19% +8.15
Democratic Kevin Knox 2,909 35.81% -8.15
Missouri House of Representatives - District 134 - Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Elijah Haahr 9,227 56.04%
Democratic James Owen 7,239 43.96%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 135 — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Steve Helms 8,187 50.38% -7.54
Democratic Randy Alberhasky 7,177 44.16% +2.08
Libertarian David Carr 887 5.46% +5.46
Missouri House of Representatives — District 135 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lincoln Hough 4,698 57.92% +2.93
Democratic Angie Filbeck 3,413 42.08% -2.93
Missouri House of Representatives — District 135 — Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lincoln Hough 8,932 54.99%
Democratic Casey Clark 7,310 45.01%
  • District 136 — Kevin Austin (R-Springfield). The district includes of the city of Springfield and some rural area southeast of the city.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 136 — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kevin Austin 13,581 62.31% -37.69
Democratic Jeff Munzinger 8,214 37.69% +37.69
Missouri House of Representatives — District 136 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kevin Austin 9,808 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 136 — Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kevin Austin 17,648 100.00%
  • District 137 — Lyndall Fraker (R-Marshfield). The district includes the communities of Fair Grove, Rogersville, and Strafford.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 137 — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lyndall Fraker 9,503 100.00% +30.15
Missouri House of Representatives — District 137 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lyndall Fraker 3,876 69.85% -10.58
Democratic Sandy Grogan 1,418 25.55% +25.55
Libertarian Bill Boone 255 4.60% -14.97
Missouri House of Representatives — District 137 — Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lyndall Fraker 7,408 80.43%
Libertarian Bill Boone 1,802 19.57%

Greene County is also divided into two districts in the Missouri Senate, both of which represented by Republicans.

Missouri Senate — District 20 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jay Wasson 23,796 100.00%
Missouri Senate — District 30 — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Bob Dixon 27,207 100.00%

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Roy Blunt 72,993 56.22% +11.79
Democratic Jason Kander 50,967 39.26% -8.92
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 3,626 2.79% -4.60
Green Johnathan McFarland 1,256 0.97% +0.97
Constitution Fred Ryman 978 0.75% +0.75
Write-in Write-ins 7 0.01% +0.01
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 55,304 44.43%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 59,979 48.18%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 9,197 7.39%

All of Greene County is included in Missouri's 7th Congressional District and is currently represented by Billy Long (R-Springfield) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Greene County (2016)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 74,876 58.57% +4.75
Democratic Genevieve Williams 45,382 35.50% -2.19
Libertarian Benjamin T. Brixey 7,580 5.93% -2.56
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Greene County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 33,738 53.82% -3.08
Democratic Jim Evans 23,624 37.69% +0.14
Libertarian Kevin Craig 5,323 8.49% +2.94
U.S. House of Representatives — Missour's 7th Congressional District — Greene County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 70,212 56.90%
Democratic Jim Evans 46,331 37.55%
Libertarian Kevin Craig 6,850 5.55%

Political culture[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.8% 78,035 32.7% 42,728 7.5% 9,760
2012 60.8% 76,900 36.6% 46,219 2.6% 3,300
2008 57.1% 77,683 41.3% 56,181 1.7% 2,283
2004 62.2% 77,885 37.3% 46,657 0.6% 724
2000 57.5% 59,178 39.9% 41,091 2.6% 2,657
1996 49.6% 48,193 40.5% 39,300 10.0% 9,671
1992 44.0% 46,457 38.9% 41,137 17.1% 18,119
1988 59.4% 52,211 40.3% 35,475 0.3% 267
1984 67.2% 57,250 32.8% 27,965
1980 55.7% 43,116 39.4% 30,498 4.9% 3,811
1976 52.2% 37,691 46.8% 33,824 1.0% 690
1972 70.6% 48,348 29.4% 20,155
1968 55.3% 32,638 33.3% 19,659 11.4% 6,751
1964 44.3% 23,989 55.7% 30,130
1960 64.4% 36,943 35.6% 20,457
1956 59.7% 29,944 40.3% 20,206
1952 60.6% 29,673 39.3% 19,234 0.2% 81
1948 47.5% 18,836 52.3% 20,762 0.2% 66
1944 55.4% 21,531 44.5% 17,287 0.2% 68
1940 49.1% 21,456 50.7% 22,130 0.3% 109
1936 44.5% 17,298 55.2% 21,489 0.3% 119
1932 42.5% 13,943 55.7% 18,255 1.8% 596
1928 66.9% 22,166 32.9% 10,901 0.3% 84
1924 45.7% 13,618 44.0% 13,084 10.3% 3,069
1920 56.0% 15,755 40.9% 11,514 3.1% 857
1916 49.0% 7,543 46.7% 7,191 4.4% 676
1912 34.6% 4,350 40.5% 5,089 24.9% 3,121
1908 49.8% 6,439 45.1% 5,830 5.1% 659
1904 55.0% 6,570 38.0% 4,540 7.0% 839
1900 50.7% 6,009 46.5% 5,519 2.8% 336
1896 47.6% 5,808 51.8% 6,327 0.6% 72
1892 45.8% 4,839 38.4% 4,051 15.8% 1,673
1888 50.7% 4,934 40.9% 3,984 8.4% 818

Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, Greene County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. George W. Bush carried Greene County in 2000 and 2004 by almost two-to-one margins, and like many other counties throughout Southwest Missouri, Greene County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008. In the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump carried Greene County by a margin of 60% to 33%.[17] The last Democratic presidential nominee to win Greene County was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it passed Greene County with 72.04 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage.[citation needed] In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it narrowly failed in Greene County with 51.62 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Greene County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Greene County with 74.41 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.[citation needed]

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

Voters in Greene County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

  • Although a conservative/Republican stronghold, former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) still received more votes, a total of 18,322, than any candidate from either party in Greene County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Greene County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 9,979 (27.09%)
Mike Huckabee 15,645 (42.48%)
Mitt Romney 9,271 (25.17%)
Ron Paul 1,552 (4.21%)
Greene County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 18,322 (54.94%)
Barack Obama 14,263 (42.77%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 613 (1.84%)

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

  • Ash Grove R-IV School District - Ash Grove
    • Ash Grove Elementary School - (PK-06)
    • Bois D'Arc Elementary School - (K-06) - Bois D'Arc
    • Ash Grove High School - (07-12)
  • Fair Grove R-X School District - Fair Grove
    • Fair Grove Elementary School - (K-04)
    • Fair Grove Middle School - (05-08)
    • Fair Grove High School - (09-12)
  • Logan-Rogersville R-VIII School District - Rogersville
    • Logan-Rogersville Primary School - (K-01)
    • Logan-Rogersville Upper Elementary School - (02-05)
    • Logan-Rogersville Middle School - (06-08)
    • Logan-Rogersville High School (09-12)
  • Republic R-III School District - Republic
    • Republic Kindergarten School - (K)
    • Republic Elementary School I - (01-02)
    • Republic Elementary School II - (03-04)
    • Republic Elementary School III - (05-06)
    • Republic Middle School - (07-08)
    • Republic High School - (09-12)
  • Springfield R-XII School District - Springfield
    • Shady Dell Early Childhood Center - (PK) - Springfield
    • York Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Williams Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Wilder Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Westport Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Weller Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Weaver Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Watkins Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Truman Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Sunshine Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Sherwood Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Sequiota Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Rountree Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Robberson Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Portland Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Pleasant View Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Pittman Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Pershing Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • McGregor Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • McBride Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Mark Twain Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Walt Disney Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Jeffries Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Horace Mann Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Holland Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Hickory Hills Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Gray Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Fremont Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Field Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Delaware Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Cowden Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Campbell Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Boyd Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Bowerman Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Bissett Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Bingham Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Wilson's Creek 5-6 Intermediate Center - (05-06) - Battlefield
    • Study Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Reed Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Pleasant View Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Pipkin Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Pershing Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Jarrett Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Hickory Hills Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Cherokee Middle School - (07-08) - Springfield
    • Carver Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Parkview High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Kickapoo High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Hillcrest High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Glendale High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Central High School - (09-12) - Springfield
  • Strafford R-VI School District - Strafford
    • Strafford Elementary School - (K-04)
    • Strafford Middle School - (05-08)
    • Strafford High School - (09-12)
  • Walnut Grove R-V School District - Walnut Grove
    • Walnut Grove Preschool (PK)
    • Walnut Grove Elementary School - (K-06)
    • Walnut Grove High School - (07-12)
  • Willard R-II School District - Willard
    • Willard North Elementary School - (PK-04) - Willard
    • Willard East Elementary School - (K-04) - Willard
    • Willard South Elementary School - (PK-04) - Springfield
    • Willard Central Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Willard Intermediate School - (05-06) - Willard
    • Willard Middle School - (07-08) - Willard
    • Willard High School - (09-12) - Willard

Private schools[edit]

Alternative/other schools[edit]

  • Bailey Educational Center - (09-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Community Learning Center - (06-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Datema House - (05-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Excel School - (06-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Graff Career Center - (09-12) - Springfield - Vocational/Technical School
  • Greene County Special Education Cooperative - (K-12) - Republic - Special Education
  • Greene Valley - Springfield - Special Education
  • Phelps Gifted Center - (01-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School/Gifted Education
  • Wilson Creek Group Home - (06-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School

Colleges and universities[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

  • Springfield-Greene County Library[18]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 170. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ Registered Voters in Missouri 2008
  12. ^ http://www.pleasant-viewfire.org
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Summary Report for November 8, 2016". Greene County Clerk. November 11, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "County Results, State of Missouri - General Election - November 4, 2014". Retrieved March 23, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "County Results, State of Missouri - General Election - November 6, 2012". Retrieved March 23, 2016. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  17. ^ https://elections16.usatoday.com/results/missouri/president
  18. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Springfield-Greene County Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°16′N 93°20′W / 37.26°N 93.34°W / 37.26; -93.34