A greenfield airport is an aviation facility with greenfield project characteristics. The designation reflects certain environmental qualities (using previously undeveloped or empty greenfield land, for example) and commissioning, planning and construction processes that are generally carried out from scratch. While a green field found in nature is defined as a wide expanse of natural land (meadow, prairie, grassland), here greenfield denotes that a project lacks any constraints imposed upon it by prior work or existing infrastructure. (A brownfield, on the other hand, remodels or improves upon existing facilities.) Such projects can be highly coveted by engineers as no time must be allotted for demolition of unneeded buildings, etc.
While modern greenfield airports are under construction in Beijing, Istanbul, and Sydney, India's greenfield airport project schedule is among the world's most robust. India's annual civil aviation sector growth rate currently sits at nine percent, but is expected to reach into the double digits for the coming years. Over the next two decades, the number of airports is expected to increase from 133 to 500. Of these, 367 are slated to be greenfield airports.
Partial list of greenfield airports
Some of the world's greenfield airports opened since 2008. (Many smaller airports are also under development or proposed, especially in China, India and the Philippines.)
- Rajiv Gandhi International Airport (opened March 2008) - near Hyderabad, India
- Kempegowda International Airport (opened May 2008) - near Bangalore, Karnataka, India
- Cochin International Airport (opened June 1999) - near Kochi, India
- Bhogapuram Airport (expected in 2022) - near Visakhapatnam, India
- Al Maktoum International Airport (opened June 2010) – Dubai, United Arab Emirates
- Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport (opened March 2013) - near Hambantota, Sri Lanka
- Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport (opened September 2013) - Andal, West Bengal, India
- Hamad International Airport (opened May 2014) – Doha, Qatar
- Islamabad International Airport (opened May 2018) - near Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan
- Pakyong Airport (opened October 2018) - near Gangtok, Sikkim, India
- Dalian Jinzhouwan International Airport (construction began in 2011; opening sometime in the future) – in Dalian, China
- Istanbul Airport (opened in October 2018) - Istanbul, Turkey
- Beijing Daxing International Airport (expected opening September 2019) - in Langfang, Hebei, China
- Rajkot Greenfield Airport (under construction; groundbreaking October 2017) - near Hirasar in Gujarat, India
- Qingdao Jiaodong International Airport (construction began in 2016; opening expected in 2019) – in Qingdao, China
- Navi Mumbai International Airport (construction began in 2017; opening expected in 2019) – in Mumbai, India
- Shirdi Airport (opened in October 2017)-Near Shirdi,India
- Chengdu Tianfu International Airport, (construction began in May 2016; opening expected in 2020) – in Chengdu, China
- Mopa Airport (foundation stone laid November 2016; opening expected May 2020) - in Mopa, Goa, India
- New International Airport for Mexico City, (construction began in 2016; opening expected in 2020) – in Mexico City, Mexico
- Berlin Brandenburg Airport (being built next to Berlin Schönefeld Airport; construction began in 2006; opening expected in 2020) – in Berlin, Germany
- Xiamen Xiang'an International Airport, (reclamation began in 2013, construction is expected to begin in May 2020; opening is expected in 2025) – in Xiamen, China
- Western Sydney Airport (construction begins late 2018; opening expected 2026) - in Badgerys Creek, Australia
- Itanagar Airport (planning) - in Holongi, Arunachal Pradesh, India
- Kannur International Airport - in Kerala, India
- "India planning 10-15 greenfield airports in non-metros". Firstpost. PTI. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
- "Role of greenfield airports in greening the India economy". Foreign Policy News. Retrieved 30 April 2018.