Greenhills, Ohio

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Greenhills, Ohio
Village
Greenhills Ohio Municipal Building
Greenhills Ohio Municipal Building
Motto: "Pioneering a Dream"
Location in Hamilton County and the state of Ohio.
Location in Hamilton County and the state of Ohio.
Coordinates: 39°16′7″N 84°31′2″W / 39.26861°N 84.51722°W / 39.26861; -84.51722Coordinates: 39°16′7″N 84°31′2″W / 39.26861°N 84.51722°W / 39.26861; -84.51722
Country United States
State Ohio
County Hamilton
Government
 • Mayor David Moore (R)[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
 • Land 1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[3] 804 ft (245 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 3,615
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 3,596
 • Density 2,892.0/sq mi (1,116.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45218
Area code(s) 513
FIPS code 39-32158[6]
GNIS feature ID 1064757[3]
Website www.greenhillsohio.us

Greenhills is a village in Hamilton County, Ohio, United States. The population was 3,615 at the 2010 census.[7] It is a planned community that was established by the United States government during the Great Depression.

History and significance[edit]

As one of three "Greenbelt Communities" built by the federal government during the 1930s (the other two are Greenbelt, Maryland and Greendale, Wisconsin), Greenhills was designed to be surrounded by a "belt" of woodland and natural landscaping. According to historian James W. Loewen, it was founded as a sundown town, using restrictive covenants to prevent minorities from purchasing homes there.[8] Many families include third- and fourth-generation descendants of the village's original "pioneers" who occupied the original International-style townhomes. The original government-built area, the Greenhills Historic District, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9] Also listed on the National Register in the community is the James Whallon House, which serves as the village hall.[10][11]

Geography[edit]

Greenhills is located at 39°16′7″N 84°31′2″W / 39.26861°N 84.51722°W / 39.26861; -84.51722 (39.268608, -84.517284).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.25 square miles (3.24 km2), all land.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 2,677
1950 3,005 12.3%
1960 5,407 79.9%
1970 6,092 12.7%
1980 4,927 −19.1%
1990 4,393 −10.8%
2000 4,103 −6.6%
2010 3,615 −11.9%
Est. 2015 3,593 [13] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 4,103 people, 1,639 households, and 1,124 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,329.3 people per square mile (1,287.9/km²). There were 1,687 housing units at an average density of 1,368.9 per square mile (529.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 94.66% White, 2.68% African American, 0.02% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.39% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population.

There were 1,639 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the village the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $59,938, and the median income for a family was $72,583. Males had a median income of $37,188 versus $30,500 for females. The per capita income for the village was $23,240. About 2.3% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 3,615 people, 1,499 households, and 968 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,892.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,116.6/km2). There were 1,645 housing units at an average density of 1,316.0 per square mile (508.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 88.0% White, 6.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 1,499 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the village was 39 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 16% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.

Education[edit]

Greenhills is served by the Winton Woods City School District and a branch of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hamilton County Officials 2016" (PDF). Hamilton County Board of Elections. 27 January 2016. p. 34. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Greenhills village, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  8. ^ Loewen, James W. (2013). "Hidden in Plain View: Knowing and Not Knowing About Sundown Towns". Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension Of American Racism. The New Press. p. 239. ISBN 1595586741. 
  9. ^ "New Deal Towns In Danger", New York Times (February 9, 2009)
  10. ^ Staff (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  11. ^ Village of Greenhills, Ohio, Village of Greenhills, n.d. Accessed 2009-11-17.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Greenhills Branch". Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 

External links[edit]