|Location(s)||Greenland. Currently located at the Thule Air Base but will be deployed at the Summit Station in the center of Greenland.|
|First light||25 December 2017|
|Telescope style||Radio telescope|
|Diameter||12 m (39 ft 4 in)|
The Greenland Telescope is a radio telescope that is currently installed and operating at the Thule Air Base in north-western Greenland. It will later be deployed at the Summit Station research camp, located at the highest point of the Greenland ice sheet at an altitude of 3,210 meters (10,530 feet).
The telescope is an international collaboration between:
- The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory of the Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (United States)
- The National Radio Astronomy Observatory (United States)
- The Haystack Observatory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)
- The Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Taiwan) (project leaders)
In 2011 the U.S. National Science Foundation gave the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory a 12-meter radio antenna that had been used as a prototype for the ALMA project in Chile. The antenna was to be deployed in Greenland. Deploying the telescope in the middle of Greenland is ideal for detecting certain radio frequencies.
The Greenland Telescope will become part of the global network of telescopes that makes up the Event Horizon Telescope that will study supermassive black holes and explore the origin of the relativistic jet in the active galaxy Messier 87.
Progress and current status
Between 2013 and 2015, the Taiwanese Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics modified the telescope so that it would better work in the cold environment of the Arctic. The telescope was shipped to Greenland in July 2016 and re-assembled in July 2017 at the Thule Air Base in north-western Greenland. The telescope took its first image on 25th of December 2017.
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- "Greenland Telescope Project". www.cfa.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
- "M87 Workshop: Towards the 100th Anniversary of the Discovery of Cosmic Jets". events.asiaa.sinica.edu.tw. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
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- Nakamura, Masanori; Asada, Keiichi (2013-10-01). "The Parabolic Jet Structure in M87 as a Magnetohydrodynamic Nozzle". The Astrophysical Journal. 775: 118. arXiv:1308.1436. Bibcode:2013ApJ...775..118N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/775/2/118. ISSN 0004-637X.
- Asada, Keiichi; Nakamura, Masanori; Pu, Hung-Yi (2016-12-01). "Indication of the Black Hole Powered Jet in M87 by VSOP Observations". The Astrophysical Journal. 833: 56. Bibcode:2016ApJ...833...56A. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/833/1/56. ISSN 0004-637X.
- "Thule Air Base". Retrieved January 29, 2018.
- Hirashita, Hiroyuki; Koch, Patrick M.; Matsushita, Satoki; Takakuwa, Shigehisa; Nakamura, Masanori; Asada, Keiichi; Liu, Hauyu Baobab; Urata, Yuji; Wang, Ming-Jye; Wang, Wei-Hao; Takahashi, Satoko; Tang, Ya-Wen; Chang, Hsian-Hong; Huang, Kuiyun; Morata, Oscar; Otsuka, Masaaki; Lin, Kai-Yang; Tsai, An-Li; Lin, Yen-Ting; Srinivasan, Sundar; Martin-Cocher, Pierre; Pu, Hung-Yi; Kemper, Francisca; Patel, Nimesh; Grimes, Paul; Huang, Yau-De; Han, Chih-Chiang; Huang, Yen-Ru; Nishioka, Hiroaki; Lin, Lupin Chun-Che; Zhang, Qizhou; Keto, Eric; Burgos, Roberto; Chen, Ming-Tang; Inoue, Makoto; Ho, Paul T. P.. "First-generation science cases for ground-based terahertz telescopes". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 2016: Volume 68, Issue 1, id.R1 pp. |doi=10.1093/pasj/psv115
- The M87 Workshop: Towards the 100th Anniversary of the Discovery of Cosmic Jets
- Urata, Yuji; Huang, Kuiyun; Asada, Keiichi; Hirashita, Hiroyuki; Inoue, Makoto; Ho, Paul T. P. (2015). "A New Era of Submillimeter GRB Afterglow Follow-Ups with the Greenland Telescope". Advances in Astronomy. 2015: 1–12. arXiv:1503.07594. Bibcode:2015AdAst2015E..12U. doi:10.1155/2015/165030.
- Arctic Greenland Telescope Opens New Era of Astronomy SpaceRef, 2018-05-31.