Greenlane

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Greenlane
Greenlane is located in New Zealand Auckland
Greenlane
Greenlane
Basic information
Local authority Auckland City
Facilities
Train station(s) Greenlane Railway Station
Hospitals(s) Greenlane Hospital
Surrounds
North Remuera
East Ellerslie
South Oranga
Southwest One Tree Hill
West Epsom
Northwest Newmarket
The Logan Campbell statue at the western end of the suburb

Greenlane is a suburb of Auckland, New Zealand.[1]

The Greenlane shops are the main shopping centre for the suburb of Epsom and are situated at the intersection of Manukau Road and Green Lane West. On the Northern side of Green Lane are located the Alexandra Park Raceway and the Epsom Showgrounds; on the southern side is Greenlane Hospital, Cornwall Park, and One Tree Hill Domain.

The Greenlane shops developed during the 20th century servicing the needs of the local community as well as the visitors to the Raceway, Showgrounds, Hospital, and parks. There was also a Tramway terminal located here from 1902 until 1956. The make up of the local businesses have changed over the years; currently Greenlane is a centre for the antiques trade as well as being the location of a good selection of restaurants and bars. The 1920s Lido Cinema still operates, one of the few stand alone suburban cinemas to do so. The area is served by good State secondary schools including Auckland Grammar School, Epsom Girls Grammar School and St Peter's College.

The Consulate-General of the People's Republic of China in Auckland is located at 588 Great South Road in Greenlane.[2]

The suburb itself is one word (Greenlane), whereas the road is two (Green Lane).

History[edit]

From the 1840s until the 1890s Greenlane was noted for its rich pasture land which supported both dairy herds and grain crops. Initially large country houses and farms dotted the landscape but from the 1890s onwards suburban development spread southwards from Newmarket across the fields of Epsom. This was the reason Dr John Logan Campbell gifted part of his One Tree Hill farm to the city as a public park in 1901. Since the early 1990s there has been a considerable amount of "infill" housing with clutches of townhouses altering the streetscapes in some parts of Greenlane.

The broad, flat pastureland here at the intersection of Greenlane and Manukau Roads was used for sporting events from the 1850s onwards but the Alexandra Raceway and Epsom Showgrounds were only formally established around 1900. The Alexandra Raceway was named after the then Princess of Wales (later Queen Alexandra), and specialises in Trotting. The Epsom Showgrounds have been the site of many trade exhibitions and agricultural shows, especially the Annual Auckland Royal Easter Show.

Adjacent to Alexandra Park was the Auckland Electric Tram Company Tram Depot. Organised in 1902 the Tram Company had storage sheds and an administrative office block built here as it was half way between Auckland and Onehunga. The System was torn out in 1956 but the sheds remained here until the late 1970s when they were replaced by an Office Park. The Adminisrative Block survives as a restaurant.

The Greenlane Hospital is a complex of several buildings dating from as early as the 1870s to the present day. One of the buildings was donated by Edward Costley, an Auckland businessman who bequeathed money for many charitable works. The National Women's Hospital dates from the late 1950s and was an icon of modernity in its day. During World War II large numbers of prefabricated buildings were constructed in Eastern Cornwall park to accommodate the wounded and sick American soldiers who were evacuated from Guadalcanal. The buildings were used during the 1950s and 60s as maternity wards until the adjacent National Womens Hospital was fully open. The buildings were progressively reduced in number in the 1960s although some remained standing empty until the mid 1970s. Now only the flag pole remains as a memorial to the Wartime use of the area.

Greenlane falls across two Parliamentary electorates for Parliamentary representation: Epsom and Maungakiekie. Since 2010 it also falls across two wards for electing local boards of the Auckland Council: Albert-Eden Local Board and Maungakiekie-Tāmaki Local Board. As at 2012 the MP for Greenlane (Epsom) is John Banks from ACT New Zealand, and Peseta Sam Lotu-Iiga from National for Greenlane (Maungakiekie). Its local board representatives are from Communities and Residents, City Vision & Focus Local for Albert-Eden, and Labour and Maungakiekie Team for Maungakiekie.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 36°53′29″S 174°47′34″E / 36.8914°S 174.7929°E / -36.8914; 174.7929