Greenmount, Pennsylvania

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Greenmount
Green Mount
Unincorporated community
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Adams
Township Cumberland [1]
Center Emmitsburg Road & Marsh Creek (39°45′29″N 77°16′44″W / 39.758°N 77.279°W / 39.758; -77.279)
 - elevation 531 ft (162 m) [2]
 - coordinates 39°45′51″N 077°16′25″W / 39.76417°N 77.27361°W / 39.76417; -77.27361Coordinates: 39°45′51″N 077°16′25″W / 39.76417°N 77.27361°W / 39.76417; -77.27361 [2]
Post Office 1864 April-1913 October 1[3]
39°45′57″N 77°16′20″W / 39.76583°N 77.272339°W / 39.76583; -77.272339[4]
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 17325
Area code 717
GNIS feature ID 1176161 [2]
Greenmount is in both Cumberland & Freedom townships
Location of Greenmount in Pennsylvania

Greenmount is a populated place in Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States.[2] It is located southwest of the Gettysburg Battlefield, at Marsh Creek along the Emmitsburg Road (U.S. Route 15 Business),[citation needed] in Cumberland Township.[1]

Neighboring communities are Fairfield (west), Gettysburg (north), Round Top (northeast), Barlow (east), Harney, Maryland (southeast), and Fairplay (south).

History[edit]

The 1814 Marsh Creek stone arch bridge on the Emmitsburg Road was replaced with a covered bridge before the battle and a subsequent 1921 concrete bridge.[5] An XI Corps (Union Army) division passed through the covered bridge and used the adjacent muddy uphill road to the 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, but the 2 other divisions detoured from the former crossroad south of Greenmount to the Taneytown Rd on the east using the Marsh Creek fording downstream of Greenmount[6] ("Witherow" mill in 1821,[7] "W Myers Grist & Saw Mill" in 1858,[8] "Myer's Mill" c. 1863).[9] Upstream of the community and west of the former post office is the 1894 Cunningham Bridge on the National Register of Historic Places (closed c. 1997 and planned for demolition). Greenmount hosted the Pennsylvania welcome ceremony for the 1919 Motor Transport Corps convoy, which cooked lunch at McCurdy's Schoolhouse to the north.[10]

In August 1922, the wooden Witherow Dam was demolished,[11] and a replacement concrete dam[12] and 20 acres (8.1 ha) upstream to the new bridge were used to establish a creekside park[13] with baseball diamond.[11] The park was named "Marsh Creek Heights" in September for ridges above both banks downstream of the bridge[14] (cottages were subsequently built on the ridges), and a new dam was built in 1926[15] (repaired in 1930).[16] The 1934 Greenmount Fire Company was organized at Marsh Creek Heights in Mrs Harvey Miller's stand,[17][18][19][20] in 1939 the "Greenmount basketeers" lost to Gettysburg on the "CCC floor"[21] (the CCC camp was at McMillan Woods), and in June 1949, a new baseball field with grandstand was built at Marsh Creek Heights.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Topographic map of showing Greenmount in Cumberland Township, near border with Freedom Township". USGS Adams County Township Maps. USGS. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Greenmount (Adams County, Pennsylvania)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Greenmount Post Office Abolished" (Google News Archive). The Star and Sentinel. October 8, 1913. Retrieved 2011-06-12. On Tuesday last the post office at Greenmount was abolished... This office has been since April, 1864, in the charge of Mr. H. P. Bigham, who retires with a record of almost fifty years continuous service as a government official. 
  4. ^ Horner, John B (1994). Sgt. Hugh Paxton Bigham: Lincoln's Guard at Gettysburg. Gettysburg: Personalities of the Civil War Series. Gettysburg PA: Horner Enterprises. pp. 21, 28. ISBN 0-8133-3272-9.  (Emmitsburg.net book excerpts Retrieved 2011-06-13)
  5. ^ Gettysburg Times - Feb 17, 1921
  6. ^ The Star and Sentinel - Dec 23, 1903
  7. ^ Map of York & Adams Counties (Map). Cartography by D. Small. W. Wagner. 1821. Retrieved 2011-05-28. 
  8. ^ Howe map (SimmonsGames.com mapviewer) (Map). 1858. Retrieved 2011-06-08. 
  9. ^ …Battle-field of Gettysburg with Position of Troops (Map). Cartography by 1st Lieut L Howell Brown, Army of Northern Virginia Topographic Office. authenticated/published in 1891 War of the Rebellion Atlas: "Copied by Hoffman.". c. 1863.  Check date values in: |date= (help) NOTE: Brown depicts "Black's Turnpike", "Gettysburg & Hanover R.R.", and has Big Round Top to the west of Plum Run (a different Myers Mill on Conewago Creek burned in 1919).
  10. ^ "Formally Greet Motor Truck Men" (Google News Archive). Gettysburg Times (Times and News Publishing Company). July 8, 1919. Retrieved 2011-04-02. Formal welcome … at Greenmount … at 11:00 o'clock. … the Gettysburg men went to McCurdy's schoolhouse near Greenmount and watched the soldiers prepare their noonday meal … The first set of cars passed through Gettysburg at 1:30 o'clock. 
  11. ^ a b "Nine More Acres Added To Resort" (Google News Archive). Gettysburg Times. August 3, 1922. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  12. ^ Gettysburg Times - Sep 9, 1922
  13. ^ New Oxford Item - Aug 3, 1922
  14. ^ Gettysburg Times - Sep 12, 1922
  15. ^ Gettysburg Times - Jun 21, 1926
  16. ^ Gettysburg Times - Jun 18, 1930
  17. ^ The Star and Sentinel - Sep 1, 1934
  18. ^ Gettysburg Times - Sep 1, 1934
  19. ^ The Star and Sentinel - Sep 1, 1934
  20. ^ The Star and Sentinel - Sep 1, 1934
  21. ^ Gettysburg Times - Mar 5, 1940
  22. ^ Gettysburg Times - Jun 23, 1958