Greenock (UK Parliament constituency)

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Greenock
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
18321974 (1974)
Number of members One
Replaced by Greenock & Port Glasgow

Greenock was a burgh constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 until 1974, when it was abolished and its area was merged into the new Greenock and Port Glasgow constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

The boundaries of the constituency, as set out in the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, were-

"From the Point, on the West of the Town, at which the Shore of the Firth of Clyde is met by the March between the Parishes of Greenock and Innerkip, up the said March to that Point thereof which is nearest to the Southern Point of the Ridge of Bow Hill; thence in a straight Line to the said Point on Bow Hill; thence in a straight Line to the Southern End of the Upper East Reservoir for supplying Greenock with Water; thence in a straight Line, in the Direction of the highest projecting Point of Knocknair Hill, to the Point near Woodhead Quarry, at which such straight Line cuts the Easternmost of the Two Rivulets which form the Lady Burn; thence down such Rivulet and the Lady Burn to the Point at which the same joins the Firth of Clyde; thence along the Shore of the Firth of Clyde to the Point first described."[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1832 Robert Wallace Liberal
1845 by-election Walter Baine Liberal
1847 William Hugh Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Viscount Melgund Liberal
1852 Alexander Murray Dunlop Liberal
1868 James Johnston Grieve Liberal
1878 by-election James Stewart Liberal
1884 by-election Thomas Sutherland Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 John Bruce Liberal
1892 Sir Thomas Sutherland Liberal Unionist
1900 James Reid Unionist
1906 Halley Stewart Liberal
Jan 1910 Sir Godfrey Collins Liberal
1919 Coalition Liberal
1922 Liberal
1931 National Liberal
1936 by-election Robert Gibson Labour
1941 by-election Hector McNeil Labour
1955 by-election Dickson Mabon Labour Co-operative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Greenock & Port Glasgow

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: Greenock [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Grieve 2,963
William Christie 2,093
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Greenock [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Sutherland 3,057 50.3
Conservative John Scott 2,954 48.6
Scottish Land Restoration John Morrison Davidson 65 1.1
Majority 103 1.7
Turnout 85.2
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Greenock[5][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Sutherland 2,905 56.8 n/a
Liberal Harold Wright 2,208 43.2 -7.1
Majority 697 13.6 n/a
Turnout 71.7 -13.5
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Greenock[6][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Sutherland 2,942 50.5 -6.3
Liberal John Bruce 2,887 49.5 +6.3
Majority 55 1.0 -12.6
Turnout 83.4 +11.7
Liberal Unionist hold Swing -6.3
Fletcher
General Election 1895: Greenock[7][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Sutherland 3,571 56.5 +6.0
Lib-Lab Alfred Fletcher 2,753 43.5 -6.0
Majority 818 13.0
Turnout 83.5 +0.1
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +6.0

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Greenock[8][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Reid 3,165 52.3 -4.2
Liberal John Maconie 2,886 47.7 +4.2
Majority 279 4.6 -8.4
Turnout 79.7 -3.8
Conservative hold Swing -4.2
Stewart
General Election 1906: Greenock[9][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Halley Stewart 3,596 52.5 +4.8
Conservative James Reid 3,254 47.5 -4.8
Majority 342 5.0 9.6
Turnout 87.6 +7.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.8

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election Jan 1910: Greenock [10][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Godfrey Collins 4,233 61.7 +9.2
Liberal Unionist James Parker Smith 2,632 38.3 -9.2
Majority 1,601 23.4 +18.4
Turnout 87.4 -0.2
Liberal hold Swing +9.2
General Election Dec 1910: Greenock [11][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Godfrey Collins 4,338 59.8 -1.9
Conservative Samuel Chapman 2,913 40.2 +1.9
Majority 1,425 19.6 -2.8
Turnout 88.9 +1.5
Liberal hold Swing -1.9

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Godfrey Collins
General Election 1918: Greenock [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Godfrey Collins 10,933 48.0
Unionist Samuel Chapman 7,246 31.8
British Socialist Party Fred Shaw 2,542 11.2 n/a
Independent Labour Neal Haughey 2,050 9.0 n/a
Majority 3,687 16.2
Turnout 66.6
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Collins
General Election 1922: Greenock[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Godfrey Collins 10,520 36.6 -11.4
Communist Alec Geddes 9,776 +22.9 n/a
Unionist John Denholm 8,404 29.3 -2.5
Majority 744 2.5 -13.7
Turnout 84.8 +18.2
National Liberal hold Swing -17.1
General Election 1923: Greenock[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Godfrey Collins 16,337 61.3 +24.7
Communist Alec Geddes 10,335 38.7 +4.6
Majority 6,002 22.6 +20.1
Turnout 78.4 -6.4
Liberal hold Swing +10.0
General Election 1924: Greenock[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Godfrey Collins 12,752 48.6
Communist Alec Geddes 7,590 29.0
Labour S. Kelly 5,874 22.4
Majority 5,162 19.6 -3.0
Turnout 77.8
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1929: Greenock[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Godfrey Collins 11,190 32.5 -16.1
Labour William Leonard 9,697 28.2 +5.8
Communist Alec Geddes 7,005 20.4 -8.6
Unionist Andrew Dewar Gibb 6,517 18.9 n/a
Majority 1,493 4.3 -15.3
Turnout 78.7 +0.9
Liberal hold Swing -10.9

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Greenock[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Godfrey Collins 18,013 51.1
Labour Thomas Irwin 10,850 30.7
Communist Aitken Ferguson 6,440 18.2
Majority 7,163 20.4
Turnout 80.3
Liberal National hold Swing
General Election 1935: Greenock[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Godfrey Collins 20,299 52.7 +1.6
Labour T. Irwin 16,945 44.0 +13.3
SNP James Laird Kinloch 1,286 3.3 N/A
Majority 3,354 8.7 −15.7
Turnout 38,530 84.4 +4.1
Liberal National hold Swing −5.9
Greenock by-election, 1936 [15][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Gibson 20,594 53.4 +9.4
Liberal National Vivian Emery Cornelius 17,990 46.6 −6.1
Majority 2,604 6.8 N/A
Turnout 38,584 83.3 −1.1
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing 7.85

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Greenock by-election, 1941[16][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hector McNeil unopposed n/a n/a
General Election 1945: Greenock[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hector McNeil 16,186 47.1
Unionist Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton 8,097 23.6
Communist J. R. Campbell 5,900 17.2
Liberal George Gordon Honeyman 4,180 12.2
Majority 8,089 23.54
Turnout 68.42
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Greenock [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hector McNeil 20,548 50.6
Liberal Ian McColl 11,638 28.7
Independent Labour John S. Thomson 6,458 15.9
Communist J. R. Campbell 1,228 3.0
Anti-Partition Oliver Brown 718 1.8
Majority 8,910 21.9
Turnout 83.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Greenock[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hector McNeil 23,452 57.1
Unionist W Ross Maclean 17,615 42.9
Majority 5,837 14.2
Turnout 83.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Greenock[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hector McNeil 19,378 51.4
Unionist Ian MacArthur 18,345 48.6
Majority 1,033 2.7
Turnout 37,723
Labour hold Swing
Greenock by-election, 1955[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Dickson Mabon 19,698 53.7 +2.3
Unionist Ian MacArthur 17,004 46.3 -2.3
Majority 2,694 7.3 +4.6
Turnout 36,702
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1959: Greenock[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Dickson Mabon 19,320 50.6
Liberal William T C Riddell 10,238 26.8
Unionist Leonard Mackenzie Turpie 8,616 22.6
Majority 9,082 23.8
Turnout 38,174
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Greenock[17][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Dickson Mabon 19,627 55.1
Liberal Campbell M Barclay 9,055 25.4
Unionist Duncan Robert Gordon Sillars 6,473 18.2
Independent Labour John Stevenson Thomson 458 1.3
Majority 10,572 29.7
Turnout 35,613
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1966: Greenock[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Dickson Mabon 18,988 57.1
Liberal Iain M Will 7,727 23.2
Conservative Ronald Edgar Dundas 5,835 17.5
Communist William Dunn 702 2.1
Majority 11,261 33.9
Turnout 33,252 73.6
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Greenock[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Dickson Mabon 19,334 53.7
Liberal William T C Riddell 16,100 44.7
Communist Alex Murray 559 1.6
Majority 3,234 9.0
Turnout 35,993 75.0
Labour Co-op hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, Schedule (M).
  2. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1870
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  9. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  12. ^ Perthshire Advertiser 20 Jun 1914
  13. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig ISBN 0-900178-06-X
  15. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  16. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1944
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, FWS Craig
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ [2]