Greens–European Free Alliance

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Greens/European
Free Alliance
European parliamentary group
Logo greens-efa.png
NameThe Greens/European Free Alliance
English abbr.Greens/EFA[1]
French abbr.Verts/ALE[2]
Formal nameParliamentary Group of The Greens/European Free Alliance in the European Parliament
IdeologyGreen politics[3]
Minority politics[3]
Regionalism[3]
European partiesEuropean Green Party
European Free Alliance
European Pirate Party
Volt Europa[4][5]
From1999; 20 years ago (1999)
Preceded byThe Green Group
European Radical Alliance
Chaired byPhilippe Lamberts
Ska Keller
MEP(s)
75 / 751
Websitegreens-efa.eu
Part of a series on
Green politics
Sunflower symbol

The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) is the political group in the European Parliament composed primarily of green and regionalist political parties.[6][7][8]

Formed following the 1999 European elections for the 5th European Parliament, the Greens/EFA group now consists of three distinct European political parties, namely the larger European Green Party (EGP) and the European Free Alliance (EFA)[9] and the smaller European Pirate Party. The EFA consists of parties representing stateless nations, regionalist and minority political interests. The group has generally limited its membership to progressive parties.[10] These European parties are joined by MEPs from non-aligned national parties, which have included the Dutch Europe Transparent (2004–2009) and the Swedish (2009–2014), German (2014–) and Czech (2019–) Pirate Parties.[11]

Group members[edit]

State National party European party MEPs 2004–2009 MEPs 2009–2014 MEPs 2014–2019 MEPs 2019–2024
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative European Green Party
2 / 19
2 / 19
3 / 18
2 / 18
Belgium Belgium Ecolo European Green Party
1 / 24
2 / 22
1 / 21
2 / 21
Green European Green Party
1 / 24
1 / 22
1 / 21
1 / 21
New Flemish Alliance European Free Alliance In the EPP–ED group
1 / 22
In the ECR group In the ECR group
Croatia Croatia Davor Škrlec (independent)
Elected on list and formerly member of ORaH
Independent
1 / 11
Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Pirate Party European Pirate Party
0 / 22
3 / 21
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party European Green Party, NGLA
1 / 14
1 / 13
1 / 13
2 / 14
Estonia Estonia Indrek Tarand (independent) Independent[12]
1 / 6
1 / 6
Finland Finland Green League European Green Party
1 / 14
2 / 13
1 / 13
2 / 13
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens European Green Party
6 / 78
15 / 74
[B 1]
6 / 74
9 / 74
Independent Ecological Alliance
0 / 78
0 / 72
0 / 73
2 / 73
Party of the Corsican Nation European Free Alliance
1 / 78
1 / 72
0 / 73
1 / 73
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens European Green Party
13 / 99
14 / 99
11 / 96
21 / 96
Pirate Party European Pirate Party
1 / 96
1 / 96
Ecological Democratic Party Non-aligned
1 / 96
1 / 96
Volt (Officially a European-only International political party) Volt Europa
1 / 96
Die Partei ?
1 / 96
Greece Greece Ecologist Greens European Green Party
0 / 24
1 / 22
0 / 21
0 / 21
Hungary Hungary Politics Can Be Different European Green Party
1 / 21
0 / 21
Dialogue for Hungary Non-aligned
1 / 21
0 / 21
Republic of Ireland Ireland Green Party (Ireland) European Green Party
0 / 13
0 / 12
0 / 11
2 / 13
Italy Italy Federation of the Greens European Green Party
2 / 78
0 / 72
1 / 73
0 / 73
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union European Free Alliance
1 / 9
1 / 9
1 / 8
1 / 8
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union Non-aligned
1 / 11
2 / 11
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens European Green Party
1 / 6
1 / 6
1 / 6
1 / 6
Malta Malta Democratic Alternative European Green Party
0 / 6
0 / 6
0 / 6
0 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft European Green Party
2 / 23
3 / 26
2 / 26
3 / 26
Europe Transparent Non-aligned
2 / 23
Portugal Portugal Ecologist Party "The Greens" European Green Party
0 / 24
0 / 22
0 / 21
0 / 21
People-Animals-Nature European Green Party, APEU
0 / 21
1 / 21
Romania Romania Independent (László Tőkés) European Free Alliance
1 / 35
[B 2]
Spain Spain EQUO European Green Party
0 / 54
0 / 54
Shared with Valencian Nationalist Bloc In GUE/NGL group[C 1]
Republican Left of Catalonia/Left for the Right to Decide European Free Alliance
0 / 54
1 / 54
[B 3]
2 / 54
In Ahora Repúblicas coalition
Initiative for Catalonia Greens European Green Party
1 / 54
1 / 54
1 / 54
1 / 54
Valencian Nationalist Bloc European Free Alliance
1 / 54
Basque Solidarity European Free Alliance
1 / 54
0 / 54
0 / 54
Galician Nationalist Bloc European Free Alliance
0 / 54
1 / 54
[B 4]
0.5 / 54
In Ahora Repúblicas coalition
Ahora Repúblicas ?
2 / 54
Slovenia Slovenia Verjamem Non-affiliated
1 / 8
0 / 8
Sweden Sweden Green Party European Green Party
1 / 19
2 / 20
4 / 20
2 / 20
Pirate Party European Pirate Party
2 / 20
[B 1]
0 / 20
0 / 20
United Kingdom United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales European Green Party
2 / 78
2 / 73
3 / 73
7 / 73
Scottish National Party European Free Alliance
2 / 78
2 / 73
2 / 73
3 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales European Free Alliance
1 / 78
1 / 73
1 / 73
1 / 73
Sources [13] [14] [15]
  1. ^ a b Including one Lisbon MEP.
  2. ^ Realigned with the EPP.
  3. ^ Until 31 December 2011.
  4. ^ From 1 January 2012.
  1. ^ It is shared with Unidos Podemos

European Parliament results[edit]

The Greens/EFA has MEPs from 18 states, 9 with multiple MEPs (in dark green) and 9 with one MEP each (light green) following the 2014 election
Election year No. of
overall seats won
+/–
1999
48 / 626
48 Increase
2004
42 / 732
6 Decrease
2009
55 / 736
13 Increase
2014
50 / 751
5 Decrease
2019
75 / 751
[16]
25 Increase

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Who we are". Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Qui sommes-nous ?" Archived 2012-12-23 at the Wayback Machine. Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  4. ^ https://twitter.com/EuropeElects/status/1137769312431824897
  5. ^ https://euranetplus-inside.eu/damian-boeselager-we-need-european-solutions-to-european-problems/
  6. ^ Tapio Raunio (2012). "Poltiical Interests: The European Parliament's Party Groups". In John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (eds.). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. p. 341. ISBN 978-0-19-957498-8. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  7. ^ Andreas Staab (2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  8. ^ Lori Thorlakson (2013). "Federalism and the European Party System". In Alexander H. Trechsel (ed.). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1.
  9. ^ "Who we are". Greens-efa.eu. Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Gupta, Devashree (April 2008). "Nationalism across borders: transnational nationalist advocacy in the European Union". Comparative European Politics. 6 (1): 61–80. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110127.
  11. ^ "VoteWatch Europe: European Parliament, Council of the EU" Archived 2013-02-10 at the Wayback Machine. Votewatch.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  12. ^ "Indrek Tarand". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  13. ^ "List of elected MEPs". Greens-efa.eu. Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ See the 2014 European Parliament election results.
  15. ^ See the 2019 European Parliament election results.
  16. ^ "2019 Election Results". Election-Results.eu. Retrieved 26 May 2019.

External links[edit]