Greens–European Free Alliance

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The Greens/European
Free Alliance
European Parliament group
GreensEFA logo EN.svg
NameThe Greens/European Free Alliance
English abbr.Greens/EFA[1]
French abbr.Verts/ALE[2]
Formal nameParliamentary Group of The Greens/European Free Alliance in the European Parliament
IdeologyGreen politics[3]
Regionalism[3]
Minority politics[3]
Pro-Europeanism
European partiesEuropean Green Party
European Free Alliance
European Pirate Party
Volt Europa[4][5]
Animal Politics EU
From1999; 22 years ago (1999)
Preceded byThe Green Group
European Radical Alliance
Chaired byPhilippe Lamberts
Ska Keller
MEP(s)
73 / 705
Websitegreens-efa.eu

The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) is a political group of the European Parliament composed primarily of green and regionalist political parties.[6][7][8]

Formed following the 1999 European elections for the 5th European Parliament, the Greens/EFA group now consists of five distinct European political parties, namely the larger European Green Party (EGP) and part of the European Free Alliance (EFA)[9] and the smaller European Pirate Party (PPEU), Volt Europa (Volt), and part of Animal Politics EU (APEU). The EFA consists of parties representing stateless nations, regionalist and minority political interests. The group has generally limited its membership to progressive parties.[10] These European parties are joined by MEPs from non-aligned national parties, which have included the Dutch Europe Transparent (2004–2009) and the Swedish (2009–2014), German (2014–) and Czech (2019–) Pirate Parties.[11]

Group members[edit]

9th European Parliament[edit]

Greens–European Free Alliance has MEPs in 15 member states. Dark green indicates member states sending multiple MEPs, light green indicates member states sending a single MEP.
Virginijus Sinkevičius, European Commissioner from Lithuania.
State National party European party MEPs[12]
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative
Die Grünen – Die Grüne Alternative (Grüne)
EGP               
3 / 19
Belgium Belgium Ecolo EGP
2 / 8
Groen EGP
1 / 12
Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Pirate Party
Česká pirátská strana (Piráti)
PPEU
3 / 21
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party
Socialistisk Folkeparti (SF)
EGP
2 / 14
Finland Finland Green League
Vihreä liitto (Vihr.)
EGP
3 / 14
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens[B 1]
Europe Écologie Les Verts (EELV)
EGP
10 / 79
Independent Ecological Alliance
Alliance écologiste indépendante (AEI)
None
2 / 79
Let's Do Corsica
Femu a Corsica (FaC)
EFA
1 / 79
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Grüne)
EGP
21 / 96
Pirate Party
Piratenpartei Deutschland (Piraten)
PPEU
1 / 96
Ecological Democratic Party
Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei (ÖDP)
None
1 / 96
Volt Volt
1 / 96
Independent[13] None
1 / 96
 Italy Green Europe
Europa Verde - Verdi (EV)
None
1 / 76
Independent[14] None
3 / 76
Republic of Ireland Ireland Green Party
Comhaontas Glas
EGP
2 / 13
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union
Latvijas Krievu savienība (LKS)
EFA
1 / 8
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union
Lietuvos valstiečių ir žaliųjų sąjunga (LVŽS)
None
2 / 11
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens
Déi Gréng (DG)
EGP
1 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft
GroenLinks (GL)
EGP
3 / 29
Poland Poland Green Party
Partia Zieloni
EGP
1 / 52
Portugal Portugal People-Animals-Nature

Pessoas-Animais-Natureza (PAN)

APEU
1 / 21
Spain Spain Republican Left of Catalonia
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC)
EFA
2 / 59
Catalonia in Common
Catalunya en Comú (CatComú)
EGP
1 / 59
Sweden Sweden Green Party
Miljöpartiet de gröna (MP)
EGP
3 / 21
 European Union
Total
73 / 705

8th European Parliament[edit]

State National party European party MEPs 2014[15]
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative EGP
3 / 18
Belgium Belgium Ecolo EGP
1 / 21
Green EGP
1 / 21
Croatia Croatia ORaH[B 2] EGP
1 / 11
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party EGP
1 / 13
Estonia Estonia Indrek Tarand (independent) Independent[16]
1 / 6
Finland Finland Green League EGP
1 / 13
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens[B 1] EGP
6 / 74
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens EGP
11 / 96
Pirate Party PPEU
1 / 96
Ecological Democratic Party None
1 / 96
Hungary Hungary Politics Can Be Different EGP
1 / 21
Dialogue for Hungary None
1 / 21
Italy Italy Federation of the Greens EGP
1 / 73
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union EFA
1 / 8
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union None
1 / 11
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens EGP
1 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft EGP
2 / 26
Spain Spain Republican Left of Catalonia[B 3] EFA
1 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens EGP
1 / 54
Coalició Compromís EFA
1 / 54
New Catalan Left EFA
1 / 54
Slovenia Slovenia Verjamem None
1 / 8
Sweden Sweden Green Party EGP
4 / 20
United Kingdom United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales EGP
3 / 73
Scottish National Party EFA
2 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales EFA
1 / 73
 European Union
Total
52 / 751

7th European Parliament[edit]

State National party European party MEPs 2009[17]
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative EGP
2 / 19
Belgium Belgium Ecolo EGP
2 / 22
Green EGP
1 / 22
New Flemish Alliance[B 4] EFA
1 / 22
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party EGP
1 / 13
Estonia Estonia Indrek Tarand (independent) Independent[18]
1 / 6
Finland Finland Green League EGP
2 / 13
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens[B 1] EGP
15 / 74
Party of the Corsican Nation EFA
1 / 72
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens EGP
14 / 99
Greece Greece Ecologist Greens EGP
1 / 22
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union EFA
1 / 9
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens EGP
1 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft EGP
3 / 26
Spain Spain Republican Left of Catalonia[B 3] EFA
1 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens EGP
1 / 54
Sweden Sweden Green Party EGP
2 / 20
Pirate Party PPEU
2 / 20
United Kingdom United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales EGP
2 / 73
Scottish National Party EFA
2 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales EFA
1 / 73
 European Union
Total
55 / 751

6th European Parliament[edit]

State National party European party MEPs 2004
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative EGP
2 / 19
Belgium Belgium Ecolo EGP
1 / 24
Green EGP
1 / 24
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party EGP
1 / 14
Finland Finland Green League EGP
1 / 14
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens[B 1] EGP
6 / 78
Party of the Corsican Nation EFA
1 / 78
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens EGP
13 / 99
Italy Italy Federation of the Greens EGP
2 / 78
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union EFA
1 / 9
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens EGP
1 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft EGP
2 / 23
Europe Transparent None
2 / 23
Romania Romania László Tőkés (independent)[B 5] Independent
1 / 35
Spain Spain Republican Left of Catalonia[B 3] EFA
1 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens EGP
1 / 54
Sweden Sweden Green Party EGP
1 / 19
United Kingdom United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales EGP
2 / 78
Scottish National Party EFA
2 / 78
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales EFA
1 / 78
 European Union
Total
42 / 751
  1. ^ a b c d For 2019 it include Benoît Biteau, an independent politician
  2. ^ From 20 April 2016 the MEP Davor Škrlec become independent
  3. ^ a b c Until 31 December 2011.
  4. ^ From 2004 to 2009 with EPP-ED and from 2014 with ECR
  5. ^ Realigned with the EPP since 2009

Group presidents[edit]

The Greens/EFA group is usually co-chaired by 2 presidents, at least one of them must be a woman.

Legislature Co-president National party Co-president National party
1999–2004 Paul Lannoye Ecolo Heidi Hautala Green League
2004–2009 Daniel Cohn-Bendit Alliance 90 / Les Verts Monica Frassoni Federation of the Greens
2009–2014 Daniel Cohn-Bendit Europe Écologie Les Verts Rebecca Harms Alliance 90/The Greens
2014–2016 Philippe Lamberts Ecolo Rebecca Harms Alliance 90/The Greens
since 2016 Philippe Lamberts Ecolo Ska Keller Alliance 90/The Greens

European Parliament results[edit]

Election year No. of
overall seats won
+/–
1999
48 / 626
Increase 48
2004
42 / 732
Decrease 6
2009
55 / 736
Increase 13
2014
50 / 751
Decrease 5
2019 (pre-Brexit)
74 / 751
[19]
Increase 24
2019 (post-Brexit)
69 / 705
Decrease 5

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Who we are". Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Qui sommes-nous ?" Archived 23 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  4. ^ @EuropeElects (9 June 2019). "EU28: Volt Europa membership vote on..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  5. ^ Petitjean, Euranet Plus News Agency | Sophie (12 June 2019). "Volt Europa : "We need European solutions to European problems"".
  6. ^ Tapio Raunio (2012). "Political Interests: The European Parliament's Party Groups". In John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (eds.). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. p. 341. ISBN 978-0-19-957498-8.
  7. ^ Andreas Staab (2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1.
  8. ^ Lori Thorlakson (2013). "Federalism and the European Party System". In Alexander H. Trechsel (ed.). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1.
  9. ^ "Who we are". Greens-efa.eu. Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Gupta, Devashree (April 2008). "Nationalism across borders: transnational nationalist advocacy in the European Union". Comparative European Politics. 6 (1): 61–80. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110127. S2CID 144152782.
  11. ^ "VoteWatch Europe: European Parliament, Council of the EU" Archived 10 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Votewatch.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  12. ^ See the 2019 European Parliament election results.
  13. ^ "Humorlose Erklärung, warum ich aus Die PARTEI austrete" (in German). 13 January 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  14. ^ "M5S, i quattro eurodeputati scissionisti accolti nel gruppo dei Verdi al Parlamento Ue" (in Italian). 9 December 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  15. ^ See the 2014 European Parliament election results.
  16. ^ "Indrek Tarand". European Parliament. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  17. ^ "List of elected MEPs". Greens-efa.eu. Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "Indrek Tarand". European Parliament. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  19. ^ "2019 Election Results". Election-Results.eu. Retrieved 26 May 2019.

External links[edit]