Main Street in Greensboro
Location in Hale County and the state of Alabama
|• Total||2.39 sq mi (6.18 km2)|
|• Land||2.38 sq mi (6.16 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|Elevation||282 ft (86 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||2,365|
|• Density||990.78/sq mi (382.58/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0157974|
Greensboro is a city in Hale County, Alabama, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 2,497, down from 2,731 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Hale County. It is part of the Tuscaloosa, Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Greensboro was incorporated as a town in December 1823 as "Greensborough". It was named in honor of American Revolutionary War general Nathanael Greene. The name was soon simplified to "Greensboro". The community was known as "Troy" prior to incorporation. Several sites on the National Register of Historic Places are in or near Greensboro. These include Glencairn, the Greensboro Historic District, Magnolia Grove, the McGehee-Stringfellow House, Millwood, and the Payne House.
Greensboro is slightly southeast of the center of Hale County and is crossed by Alabama State Routes 14, 25, and 69. SR 14 leads northwest 21 miles (34 km) to Eutaw and east 19 miles (31 km) to Marion. SR 25 leads northeast through Talladega National Forest 36 miles (58 km) to Brent and south 32 miles (51 km) to Thomaston. SR 69 leads north 38 miles (61 km) to Tuscaloosa and southwest 33 miles (53 km) to Linden. Demopolis is 25 miles (40 km) to the southwest via SR 69 and U.S. Route 80.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,731 people, 1,026 households, and 688 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,146.5 people per square mile (443.0/km²). There were 1,142 housing units at an average density of 479.4 per square mile (185.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 38.30% White, 60.89% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, and 0.77% from two or more races. 0.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,026 households, of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 27.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 20.9% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,930, and the median income for a family was $28,990. Males had a median income of $36,071 versus $23,224 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,271. About 27.2% of families and 35.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.1% of those under age 18 and 26.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,497 people, 1,045 households, and 629 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,040.4 people per square mile (402.7/km²). There were 1,195 housing units at an average density of 497.9 per square mile (192.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.5% Black or African American, 32.0% White, 0.2% Native American, and 0.6% from two or more races. 0.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,045 households, of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.4% were married couples living together, 25.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 81.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,082, and the median income for a family was $36,379. Males had a median income of $28,869 versus $22,528 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,277. About 19.0% of families and 23.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.9% of those under age 18 and 23.7% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The city of Greensboro has a mayor-council form of government. There is a full-time police force with approximately 13 officers. The city has a volunteer fire department.
Greensboro is served by one public K-12 public school, Greensboro Public School, with two campuses. There is one private K-12 school, Southern Academy.
- Anthony Bryant, defensive tackle in the NFL
- Scott Burton, sculptor and performance artist
- Alfred Chapman, Los Angeles real estate attorney and investor, and one of the founders of Orange, California
- John Gayle, seventh governor of the U.S. state of Alabama (1831–1835)
- Amelia Gayle Gorgas, former librarian for the University of Alabama and mother of Surgeon General William C. Gorgas
- Richmond Pearson Hobson (1870–1937), member of the United States House of Representatives and Medal of Honor recipient
- Grady Jackson, professional football player
- Pete Jarman (1892–1955), member of the United States House of Representatives and former United States Ambassador to Australia
- Andrew Killgore (1919–2016), United States Foreign Service Officer and ambassador to Qatar
- Thomas E. Knight, 13th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama and 19th Attorney General of Alabama
- Hedgemon Lewis, boxer, former world title contender
- Israel Pickens, third governor of Alabama (1821–1825)
- Eugene Sawyer, former mayor of Chicago
- Thomas Seay, 27th governor of Alabama (1886–1890)
- Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (1921–1985), member of the United States House of Representatives and former United States Ambassador to New Zealand, Fiji, the Kingdom of Tonga, and Western Samoa
- Little Sonny, electric blues musician and songwriter
- Barry Wagner, former wide receiver/linebacker in the Arena Football League
- Bob Wiggins, outfielder in the Negro American League
- Henry Williams, former NFL defensive back
- Lamanzer Williams, former NFL defensive end
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Greensboro has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 22, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Greensboro city, Alabama". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 144.
- Hubbs, G. Ward (2003). Guarding Greensboro: A Confederate Company in the Making of a Southern Community. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press. pp. 10–12. ISBN 0-8203-2505-8.
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Greensboro, Alabama Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2015-10-17.