Greene County Courthouse in Greensboro
Location in Greene County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||6.8 sq mi (17.6 km2)|
|• Land||6.7 sq mi (17.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||640 ft (195 m)|
|• Density||499/sq mi (192.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||Area code 706|
|GNIS feature ID||0356104|
Greensboro was founded around 1780. In 1787, it was designated seat of the newly formed Greene County. It was incorporated as a town in 1803 and as a city in 1855.
Greensboro is located at the center of Greene County at  U.S. Route 278 passes through the city center as Broad Street, leading east 7 miles (11 km) to Union Point and west 19 miles (31 km) to Madison. Georgia State Route 44 leads southwest from Greensboro 22 miles (35 km) to Eatonton. State Route 15 leads north 34 miles (55 km) to Athens and southeast 27 miles (43 km) to Sparta. The city limits extend southwest along SR 44 for 4 miles (6 km) so as to include Exit 130 on Interstate 20. I-20 leads east 70 miles (110 km) to Augusta and west 73 miles (117 km) to Atlanta.(33.571528, -83.180921).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Greensboro has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.6 km2), of which 6.7 square miles (17.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.99%, is water. The city is in the Oconee River watershed and is located 5 miles (8 km) east of Lake Oconee and 2 miles (3 km) southeast of Oconee National Forest.
As of the census of the year 2000, there were 3,238 people, 1,184 households, and 806 families residing in this town. The population density was 556.5 people per square mile (214.8/km²). There were 1,264 housing units at an average density of 217.2 per square mile (83.9/km²). The racial makeup of this town was 33.45% White, 62.01% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.28% Pacific Islander, 2.66% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.34% of the population.
There were 1,184 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 29.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.22.
In this town the population is distributed with 29.3% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age of its inhabitants was about 32 years. For every 100 females there are about 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are about 78.5 males.
The median income per household in this town was $24,250, and the median income for a family was $27,049. Males had a median income of $22,788 versus $15,720 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,494. About 26.4% of the towns families and 31.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.2% of those under age 18 and 23.2% of those age 65 or over.
Greene County School District
The Greene County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of two elementary schools, a middle school, a high school, and a charter school. The district has 158 full-time teachers and over 2,280 students.
- Greensboro Elementary
- Union Point Elementary
- Anita White Carson Middle School
- Greene County High School
- Lake Oconee Academy
- Julius C. Alford, born in Greensboro, U.S. congressman from Georgia
- William Crosby Dawson, former congressman and U.S. senator from Georgia; born, died, and buried in Greensboro
- Mickey Mantle, center fielder for the New York Yankees, member of the Baseball Hall of Fame, lived in Greensboro during his final years after retiring from the Yankees
- Joshua Nesbitt, former starting quarterback for the Georgia Tech football team
- Joseph Parker, Jr., last surviving U.S. Navy physician who participated in the Allied invasion of Omaha Beach
- John Perkins Ralls, Confederate congressman from Alabama, born in Greensboro
- Tim Simpson, professional golfer, lives in Greensboro
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Greensboro city, Georgia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 231. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
- "Last surviving US Navy doctor on Omaha Beach during D-Day invasion of World War II dies in Ga.". Associated Press. Washington Post. 2012-10-03. Retrieved 2012-10-14.