Located in Orleans County, Vermont
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
|Chartered||August 23, 1781|
|• Total||39.4 sq mi (102.0 km2)|
|• Land||37.8 sq mi (97.8 km2)|
|• Water||1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2)|
|Elevation||904 ft (587 m)|
|• Density||20.4/sq mi (7.9/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462109|
Greensboro is the southernmost town in Orleans County, Vermont, United States. The population was 770 at the 2000 census. The town includes the places of Campbells Corners, East Greensboro, Gebbie Corner, Greensboro Four Corners, Greensboro Bend, The Four Corners, Tolmans Corner, and Burlington Point.
Greensboro was chartered in 1781. The town was named for Timothy Green, one of the original charter recipients and an original landowner under the charter. However, there is no evidence that he ever visited the town, and his land was sold for non-payment of taxes a few decades after he received it.:13-14 Only three of the original proprietors settled in the town; most likely, the others were land speculators who sold their land to others or let it be sold at tax sales when buyers could not be found.:18
The Bayley Hazen Military Road, built before the town was chartered, allowed its development. The road passed to the west of Caspian Lake, and a wooden blockhouse was constructed there in 1779:21-22 on what is now known as Block House Hill:frontispiece. In 1781, the blockhouse's party of four was attacked by Abenaki; two were killed and two were captured.:22-23 A second road was built by Timothy Hinman between 1791 and 1793. This road, which came to be known as the Hinman Settler Road, branched off from the Bayley-Hazen in Greensboro and continued to Derby. These two roads were of major importance to the settlement of northern Vermont.:23
In the early 20th century, a development near the Highland Lodge contained restrictive covenants in the title forbidding subsequent resale to Jews. These restrictions were found to be illegal by the US Supreme Court in 1948.
The Highland Lodge opened in 1954. It had a hotel and restaurant that was open year-round. It had a beach on Caspian Lake with sailboats, kayaks, and canoes; a children's play programs and nature programs in the summer and nature hikes and cross-country ski trails in the winter. Special events included wedding, business retreats, music programs, workshops, and talks. It closed once in 2011 but is now open for room and cottage rentals only. The Highland Lodge and property are also for sale.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.4 square miles (102.0 km2), of which 37.8 square miles (97.8 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.2 km2) (4.11%) is water.
The town includes Caspian Lake and most of Eligo Pond, also known as Lake Eligo.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 770 people, 313 households, and 215 families residing in the town. The population density was 20.4 people per square mile (7.9/km2). There were 773 housing units at an average density of 20.5 per square mile (7.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.36% White, 0.13% African American, 0.78% Native American, and 2.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population.
There were 313 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the town the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.9 males.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
- Moderator - Timothy Nisbet
- Chair, Selectboard - Anne Stevens
- Town Clerk - Valdine Hall
- Asst. Town Clerk - Kim Greaves, Jeanne Eisner
- Treasurer - Valdine Hall
- Auditor - Patricia Mercier
- Auditor - Marsha Gadoury
- Lister - Kim Greaves
- Lister - Kristen Leahy
- Lister - Harold Tolman
- Trustee of Public Funds - Sherral Lumsden
- Library Trustee - Debbie Kasper
- Agent - David Smith
- Grand Juror - David Smith
- Water Board - Keith Meyers, John Mackin, Craig Dezell
- Member, District School Board - Wayne Young
- Treasurer - Lorraine Tolman
- Member Lakeview Elementary School Board - Patricia Launer
- Member, Lakeview Elementary School Board - Mateo Kehler
- Member, Hazen School Board - Ed Karp
|This section does not cite any sources. (July 2013)|
The median income for a household in the town was $34,583, and the median income for a family was $40,917. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $20,917 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,396. About 3.7% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.
Greensboro has the highest per capita income in Orleans County for a town. Newport city is higher. Greensboro's income ranks it 129th out of 282 census areas in Vermont.
Jasper Hill Farm was awarded "Best Unpasteurized Cheese" for its Bayley Hazen Blue at the 2014 World Cheese Awards in London.
The Caspian lake is surrounded by cottages, many available for summer rental. The lake is used for boating, sailing and fishing. There is a public beach at the south end, in town, with a boat ramp. There are two inns in town, Highland Lodge, which rents rooms and cottages, and Lakeview Inn, which holds group events.
Ice fishing is popular.
Greensboro has a nine-hole golf course, Mountain View, since circa 1895, with views of the lake and Mount Mansfield.
The Greensboro Association assists with summer swimming lessons, library maintenance, and the annual Independence Day fireworks display. Greensboro was the setting of a short film called The Abels House is Green directed by part-time resident Duncan M. Rogers.
The hub of town is a general store called Willeys.
The Green Mountain Monastery, a community of women, was formed here in 1999.
- Alfred Barr, art historian and the first director of the Museum of Modern Art. He is buried in the town cemetery under a tombstone designed by architect Philip Johnson.
- Greta Garbo visited friends in the town in her later years.
- Robert Gilpin, professor emeritus at Princeton University
- Andrew Johnson, cross-country skier
- Bliss Perry, scholar and editor
- Benjamin H. Randall, politician and businessman
- William Hubbs Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States
- Wallace Stegner, Pulitzer Prize-winning author
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Peter D. Watson, Wilhelmina Smith, Lewis Hill, Nancy Hill, Sally Fisher, Patricia Haslam, Rhoda Metraux, Dorothy Ling, and Gail Sangree, The History of Greensboro: The First Two Hundred Years. Greensboro Historical Society, 1990. Pp. 13-14.
- Federal Writers Project, Vermont: A Guide to the Green Mountain State. Vermont State Planning Board/Works Progress Administration, 1937. P. 242.
- Gresser, Joseph (December 22, 2015). "Greensboro's history - from Andersonville to Garbo". The Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). pp. 1B.
- Dunbar, Bethany M. (October 12, 2011). "Highland Lodge closes its doors after 57 years". the Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). p. 1.
-  The Highland Lodge
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Burlington Free Press
- Burlington Free Press
- the Abels House is Green
- Green Mountain Monastery