Greensville Correctional Center
1994 aerial photo of the prison
901 Corrections Way|
Jarratt, Virginia 23870-9614
Level 3 (correctional center)|
Level 1 (work center)
|Population||3,055 (as of June 2008)|
|Managed by||Virginia Department of Corrections|
|Warden||Eddie Pearson |
Greensville Correctional Center is a prison facility located in unincorporated Greensville County, Virginia, near Jarratt. The prison, on a 1,105-acre (447 ha) plot of land, is operated by the Virginia Department of Corrections. Greensville houses the execution chamber used to carry out capital punishment by the Commonwealth of Virginia.
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Opened in September 1990 in a ceremony presided over by Governor of Virginia L. Douglas Wilder, the $106 million facility was built to provide initial relief to the then overcrowded Virginia correctional system. The facility opening allowed for the subsequent closure of the Virginia State Penitentiary in downtown Richmond. The execution chamber moved from the former state penitentiary to Greensville in 1991.
Initially, the center was classified as a maximum security facility. However, with the subsequent opening of other facilities intended for the most hardened violent criminals, the security classification at Greensville has been lowered to medium security. There is a double perimeter fence topped with razor wire as well as six 52-foot (16 m) high guard towers to bolster perimeter security.
The facility consists of 4 pod-style buildings (three have a capacity for 516 inmates each; the fourth can handle 192 higher-risk inmates) arranged in a hexagon in a 125-acre (0.51 km2) campus-like setting. The tract of land upon which the Correctional Center is constructed measures 1,105 acres (4.47 km2). It is located one mile (1.6 km) from Interstate 95. The primary contractor for the project was Morrison-Knudsen.
In 1995, a minimum-security work camp for low-risk inmates was constructed adjacent to the main complex. Together, the two facilities have a capacity of 3,007 inmates.
The facility contains a dedicated health care unit and mental health center which serves inmates in the eastern region of the Virginia corrections system. It is also home to the state death chamber, which was completed in April 1991. There have been 99 executions by electrocution or lethal injection have taken place in the L Building, located at the rear of the facility. The unit containing condemned prisoners was nicknamed "Hellsville" by the inmates.
- Timothy Wilson Spencer – known as the Southside Strangler; executed on April 27, 1994
- Mir Qazi – perpetrator of the 1993 CIA shootings; executed by lethal injection in 2002
- Earl Bramblett – executed in 2003
- John Allen Muhammad - Known as the beltway sniper; executed November 10, 2009
- "Greensville Correctional Center / Greensville Work Center". Virginia Department of Corrections. Retrieved August 22, 2010. "901 Corrections Way Jarratt, VA 23870-9614" and "Located on 1,105 acres near Jarratt in Greensville [County]."
- "Virginia Death Row / Execution Facts". WTTG. November 10, 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- Richardson, Selden. The Tri-State Gang in Richmond: Murder and Robbery in the Great Depression (True Crime Series). The History Press, 2012. ISBN 1609495233, 9781609495237. p. 203.
- Beck, Catie (September 25, 2010). "'I watched a woman die': Eye-witness reveals haunting first-hand account of the execution of Teresa Lewis". Daily Mail. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
- Glod, M. & Weiss, E. "Kansi Executed For CIA Slayings, Washington Post, November 15, 2002.