Greentree Agreement

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Greentree Agreement
Greentree Agreement
Signed 12 June 2006
Location Greentree, New York
Signatories Republic of Cameroon and the Federal Republic of Nigeria
Language English

The Greentree Agreement was the formal treaty which resolved the Cameroon-Nigeria border dispute over the oil and natural gas rich Bakassi peninsula.[1] The dispute had roots as far back as 1913,[2] 1981,[3] 1994, and 1996 armed clashes between Nigeria and Cameroon took place in Bakassi.[1] The dispute was referred to the International Court of Justice and on 10 October 2002 the ICJ ruled in favor of Cameroon.[4] [5]

On 12 June 2006, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo and Cameroonian President Paul Biya, signed the Greentree Agreement concerning the withdrawal of troops and transfer of authority in the Peninsula. The withdrawal of Nigerian troops was set for 60 days but allowed for a possible 30-day extension while Nigeria was allowed to keep its civil administration and police in Bakassi for another two years.[1]

A follow-up committee, composed of representatives from Cameroon, Nigeria, the UN, Germany, the USA, France and the UK, was created to monitor the implementation of the agreement.[1]

On August 13, 2013 the United Nations Security Council stated that it welcomed the peaceful end two days earlier of the special transitional regime in the Bakassi Peninsula.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d Uppsala Conflict Data Program Conflict Encyclopedia, Cameroon, Peace Agreements,
  2. ^ Implications of the Bakassi conflict resolution for Cameroon, Francis Menjo Baye, 2010, pg. 2,
  3. ^ Bassey & Oshita. Governance and Border Security in Africa. Malthouse. p. 231. ISBN 9788422071. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  4. ^ Cameroun Bakassi peninsula - No war for oil, 12/11/2002,
  5. ^ The Land and Maritime Boundary Between Cameroon and Nigeria (Cameroon v. Nigeria: Equatorial Guinea intervening), Judgment, ICJ Reports 2002, p.303
  6. ^ Library of Congress, Cameroon; Nigeria: Bakassi Peninsula Transition Completed, Aug 13 2013,