Greenville, Iowa

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Greenville, Iowa
City
Clay County Iowa Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Greenville Highlighted.svg
Coordinates: 43°0′58″N 95°8′44″W / 43.01611°N 95.14556°W / 43.01611; -95.14556Coordinates: 43°0′58″N 95°8′44″W / 43.01611°N 95.14556°W / 43.01611; -95.14556
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Clay
Area[1]
 • Total 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
 • Land 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,391 ft (424 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 75
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 72
 • Density 417/sq mi (160.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51343
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-32970
GNIS feature ID 0465587

Greenville is a city in Clay County, Iowa, United States. The population was 75 in the 2010 census, a decline from 93 in the 2000 census.[4][5]

History[edit]

The Greenville post office opened in 1871. The town was named for its first postmaster, A. W. Green.[6]

Bank robbery of 1901[edit]

On November 16, 1901, one Mr. Brown opened the bank in Greenville and discovered that the bank had been robbed. The vault handle had been removed, explosives placed into the opening, and the vault door blown off.

Three men were seen later in Spencer, then Webb, and finally Albert City where they were cornered at the depot. A gunfight ensued, during which one of the gunmen was killed. The other two were captured and later sentenced to life terms in Fort Madison, while the dead gunman was buried in an unnamed grave in Fairfield Cemetery in Albert City.

Sixty-four empty shells were picked up in the depot after the fight.[7]

Geography[edit]

Greenville is located at 43°0′58″N 95°8′44″W / 43.01611°N 95.14556°W / 43.01611; -95.14556 (43.016091, -95.145464).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 167
1930 168 0.6%
1940 169 0.6%
1950 173 2.4%
1960 173 0.0%
1970 117 −32.4%
1980 122 4.3%
1990 84 −31.1%
2000 93 10.7%
2010 75 −19.4%
Est. 2016 72 [3] −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 75 people, 30 households, and 18 families residing in the city. The population density was 416.7 inhabitants per square mile (160.9/km2). There were 34 housing units at an average density of 188.9 per square mile (72.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.0% White and 4.0% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 30 households of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 3.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.17.

The median age in the city was 36.8 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.6% were from 25 to 44; 29.3% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 93 people, 34 households, and 24 families residing in the city. The population density was 470/sq mi (180/km2). There were 37 housing units at a density of 190/sq mi (71/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.

There were 34 households out of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.6% were married couples living together, 2.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,531, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $34,063 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,217. There were 18.8% of families and 19.2% of the population living below the poverty line, including 23.8% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Notable Natives[edit]

Medal of Honor recipient Col. Merlyn Hans Dethlefsen, USAF, was born in Greenville.[11] He died on December 14, 1987 and was subsequently buried in Section 65 of Arlington National Cemetery.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-06-20. 
  5. ^ "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-06-19. 
  6. ^ Gillespie, Samuel (1909). History of Clay County, Iowa: From Its Earliest Settlement to 1909. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 62. 
  7. ^ History of Albert City
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ Medal of Honor Database
  12. ^ Arlington National Cemetery Database