Greenwich, Connecticut

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Greenwich, Connecticut
Town
Flag of Greenwich, Connecticut
Flag
Official seal of Greenwich, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut.
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut.
Coordinates: 41°02′20″N 73°36′49″W / 41.03889°N 73.61361°W / 41.03889; -73.61361Coordinates: 41°02′20″N 73°36′49″W / 41.03889°N 73.61361°W / 41.03889; -73.61361
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Bridgeport - Stamford - Norwalk
Region South Western Region
Settled 1640
Joined Connecticut 1656
Government
 • Type Representative town meeting
 • First selectman Peter Tesei (R)
 • Town administrator Benjamin Branyan
 • Town meeting moderator Thomas J. Byrne
Area
 • Total 67.2 sq mi (174.0 km2)
 • Land 47.8 sq mi (123.8 km2)
 • Water 19.4 sq mi (50.3 km2)
Elevation 56 ft (17 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 62,396
 • Density 930/sq mi (360/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06807, 06830, 06831, 06870, 06878
Area code(s) 203
FIPS code 09-33620
GNIS feature ID 0213435
Website www.greenwichct.org

Greenwich /ˈɡrɛn/ is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 61,171.[1] As of a census done by the Census Bureau on July 1, 2012, the town had a population of 62,256. It is home to many hedge funds and other financial service companies. Greenwich is the southernmost and westernmost municipality in Connecticut as well as the six-state region of New England. It is 38+ minutes by train (express) from Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan. The largest town on Connecticut's Gold Coast, CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Greenwich first on its list of the "100 Best Places to Live in the United States" in 2005.[2] The town is named after Greenwich, a borough of London in the United Kingdom.[3]

History[edit]

Memorial to Col. Raynal C. Bolling, first high-ranking US officer killed in World War I
Low Tide, Riverside Yacht Club (1894) by Theodore Robinson from National Gallery of Art exhibit

The town of Greenwich was settled in 1640. One of the founders was Elizabeth Fones Winthrop, daughter-in-law of John Winthrop, founder and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. What is now called Greenwich Point was known for much of the area's early history as "Elizabeth's Neck" in recognition of Elizabeth Fones and their 1640 purchase of the Point and much of the area now known as Old Greenwich.[4] Greenwich was declared a township by the General Assembly in Hartford on May 11, 1665.[5]

During the American Revolution, General Israel Putnam made a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779. Although British forces pillaged the town, Putnam was able to warn Stamford.[5]

In 1974, Gulliver's Restaurant and Bar, on the border of Greenwich and Port Chester, burned killing 24 young people.[citation needed]

In 1983, the Mianus River Bridge, which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, collapsed, resulting in the death of three people.[6]

For many years, Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point"), was open only to town residents and their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there. The lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut agreed, and Greenwich was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches.[7]

Geography[edit]

Downtown Street Scene

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.2 square miles (174 km2), of which 47.8 square miles (124 km2) is land and 19.4 square miles (50 km2), or 28.88%, is water. In terms of area, Greenwich is twice the size of Manhattan. The town is bordered to the west and north by Westchester County, New York, to the east by the city of Stamford, and faces the Village of Bayville to the south across the Long Island Sound.

Neighborhoods and sections[edit]

The Census Bureau recognizes seven CDPs within the town: Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Old Greenwich, Pemberwick, Riverside, and a "Greenwich" CDP covering a portion of town. The USPS lists separate zip codes for Greenwich, Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside. Additionally, Greenwich is often further divided into several smaller, unofficial neighborhoods.

The Hispanic population is concentrated in the southwestern corner of the town.[8][9] In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider as being the richest neighborhoods in America.[10]

ZIP codes[edit]

Greenwich is covered by five ZIP codes:

  • 06807: Cos Cob, Mianus, eastern Mid-Country
  • 06830: Downtown, Byram, Belle Haven, central Mid-Country
  • 06831: Glenville, Pemberwick, Back Country, western Mid-Country, Round Hill, Rock Ridge, Riversville, Banksville, Stanwich, North Greenwich
  • 06870: Old Greenwich, Palmer Hill
  • 06878: Riverside, North Mianus

Area codes[edit]

Greenwich is covered by two area codes:

  • 203: put into service 01/01/1947
  • 475: put into service 12/12/2009

Area code 203 is overlaid by area code 475.

Notable points[edit]

  • Byram, Cos Cob, Greenwich, Old Greenwich, and Riverside each have their own ZIP Codes and with the exception of Byram, each has a Metro North station.
  • American Lane (in the extreme western corner of Greenwich) is separated by Interstate 684 from the entire rest of Connecticut and can be reached only from New York State.
  • Round Hill, with an elevation of more than 550 feet (170 m), was a lookout point for the Continental Army during the American Revolution. The Manhattan skyline is visible from the top of the hill.[13]

Islands[edit]

Calf Island, a 29-acre (120,000 m2) island about 3,000 feet (910 m) from the Byram shore in Greenwich, is open for visitors, although as of the summer of 2006 it was getting relatively few of them.[14]

More than half of the island (on the west side) is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit. The island is available for overnight stays for those with permits, otherwise the east side is open from dawn till dusk.[14]

Great Captain Island is also off the coast of Greenwich, and is the southernmost point in Connecticut. There is a Coast Guard lighthouse on this island, as well as a designed area as a bird sanctuary. The lighthouse is a Skeletal Tower.

Island Beach or "Little Captain Island" once was the venue for the town's annual Island Beach Day. Ventriloquist Paul Winchell and his dummy, Jerry Mahoney, once came for a show, and on another occasion the National Guard let adults and children fire machine guns into the water, according to an article in the Greenwich Time.[15]

Island Beach has changed over the decades. The bathhouse once on the island's eastern shore is gone, and erosion is slowly eating away at the beaches themselves.[15]

Climate[edit]

Greenwich experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). However, it is quite close to a humid continental climate. During winter storms, it is common for the area north of the Merritt Parkway to receive significantly heavier snowfall than the area closer to the coast, due to the moderating influence of Long Island Sound.

Climate data for Greenwich, Connecticut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36
(2)
38
(3)
47
(8)
58
(14)
69
(21)
77
(25)
83
(28)
81
(27)
73
(23)
62
(17)
51
(11)
41
(5)
59.7
(15.3)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
23
(−5)
31
(−1)
40
(4)
50
(10)
60
(16)
65
(18)
64
(18)
56
(13)
45
(7)
36
(2)
27
(−3)
43.2
(6.1)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.32
(109.7)
3.24
(82.3)
4.73
(120.1)
4.44
(112.8)
4.58
(116.3)
3.77
(95.8)
3.72
(94.5)
4.00
(101.6)
4.70
(119.4)
4.17
(105.9)
4.47
(113.5)
4.31
(109.5)
50.45
(1,281.4)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.7
(19.6)
8.3
(21.1)
4.9
(12.4)
1.2
(3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1)
5.2
(13.2)
28
(71)
Source #1: Weather Channel[16]
Source #2: WeatherDB[17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 3,047
1810 3,533 16.0%
1820 3,790 7.3%
1830 3,801 0.3%
1840 3,921 3.2%
1850 5,036 28.4%
1860 6,522 29.5%
1870 7,644 17.2%
1880 7,892 3.2%
1890 10,131 28.4%
1900 12,172 20.1%
1910 16,463 35.3%
1920 22,123 34.4%
1930 33,112 49.7%
1940 35,509 7.2%
1950 40,835 15.0%
1960 53,793 31.7%
1970 59,755 11.1%
1980 59,578 −0.3%
1990 58,441 −1.9%
2000 61,101 4.6%
2010 61,171 0.1%
Est. 2014 62,610 [18] 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 61,101 people, 23,230 households, and 16,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,277.6 people per square mile (493.2/km²). There were 24,511 housing units at an average density of 512.5 per square mile (197.9/km²). As of the census[20] of 2013, the racial makeup of the town was 80.90% White, 4.90% African American, 0.10% Native American, 7.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, and 2.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.90% of the population.

There were 23,230 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $124,958, and the median income for a family was $167,825. Males had a median income of $95,085 versus $47,806 for females. The per capita income for the town was $92,759 per 2010 census. About 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Wealth[edit]

Artist's Home in Autumn, Greenwich, Connecticut (ca. 1895), by John Henry Twachtman

Both the Official AENGLC Wealth Value and the CPR AENGLC Wealth Value show Greenwich as having the highest wealth value in Connecticut at over $930,000 per person. The AENGLC is based on the value of residential and commercial real estate and measures the town's tax base available to pay for public education(see Conn. Dep of Ed). It is not a measure of the personal wealth of individual residents. New Canaan is the wealthiest town in Connecticut, with a per capita income of $100,824, second is Darien at $95,577 and Greenwich third at $92,759 per the 2010 Census. Median family income in New Canaan at $220,278 also is higher than Greenwich at $167,825.

Greenwich was the highest income place with a population of 50,000 or more in 2000. However, using the list of the 100 richest places in the United States with at least 1,000 households yields a different result. This is the most common list used for referring to the richest communities in the country, as it eliminates any places with unsubstantial populations. On this list Greenwich ranks 56th after New Canaan at 30th, Darien at 42nd, and Weston at 55th.

The median price for a single-family home in town was $1.7 million in 2006, when about 140 properties sold for $5 million or more, according to Prudential Connecticut Realty. In 2007, the highest asking prices for residential property in town were $39.5 million for the 76-acre (310,000 m2) estate of actor Mel Gibson on Old Mill Road, $19.7 million for a 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) mansion on 8.7 acres (35,000 m2) with a private lake, and $38 million for an estate with formal gardens and a greenhouse the size of a cottage.[21]

Government[edit]

Greenwich Township vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Republican Democratic
2012 55.2% 16,456 43.9% 13,078

The town of Greenwich is one political and taxing body, but consists of several distinct sections or neighborhoods, such as Banksville, Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Mianus, Old Greenwich, Riverside and Greenwich (sometimes referred to as central, or downtown, Greenwich). Of these neighborhoods, three (Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside) have separate postal names and ZIP codes.[22]

The town has three Selectmen and a Representative Town Meeting (RTM). The RTM must approve all budgets, and consists of 230 elected representatives. RTM members are not paid. The three selectmen are elected on a town-wide basis, although each person can only vote for two members. This assures that there will almost always be one Democrat and two Republicans or two Democrats and one Republican. While voter registration is skewed in the Republicans' favor, they do not have a lock on the First Selectman's chair, and Democrats have held the seat recently. Many of the other town committees have equal representation between Democrats and Republicans, regardless of the vote breakdown, since each individual can only vote for half as many seats as are available.[22]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 31, 2012[23]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
  Republican 13,618 703 14,321 36.89%
  Democratic 8,957 630 9,587 24.69%
  Unaffiliated 13,413 967 14,380 37.04%
  Minor parties 494 41 535 1.38%
Total 36,482 2,341 38,823 100%

Taxes[edit]

In 2005, the mill rate for Greenwich was 7.5[24] and is reportedly 11.01 for the 2012–2013 fiscal year.[25]

Emergency services[edit]

Emergency medical services[edit]

Greenwich Emergency Medical Service, Inc. (or "GEMS", as it is often referred to) is contracted as the primary service area responder (PSAR) for the Town of Greenwich. GEMS operates out of four strategically located stations throughout the town, and has mutual aid agreements with Stamford and Port Chester/Rye/Rye Brook. Each GEMS unit is operated at the highest level of advanced prehospital care, utilizing highly trained and experienced paramedics. GEMS was the first service in New England to make use of 12-lead EKGs in the prehospital setting, and continues to lead the region with advanced life support tools and equipment. GEMS responds to, on average, approximately 6,000 emergency medical calls annually. Greenwich EMS operates out of 4 EMS Stations throughout town and staff and operate 7 Ambulances and numerous other special and support units.[26]

Fire Department[edit]

The Byram Fire Station, located on Delavan Avenue

The town of Greenwich is protected by the paid Greenwich Fire Department (GFD) and eight all-volunteer fire companies, in addition to a Fire Police Patrol. The paid GFD is made up of 100 paid firefighters, who staff 6 Engine Companies and 1 Truck Company, as well as several special units, in 6 Fire Stations (shared with volunteer companies), under the command of a Deputy Chief (Tour Commander) per shift, who in-turn reports to the Chief of Department. The eight all-volunteer fire companies are made up of a total of approximately 100 volunteer firefighters, who man 9 volunteer Engines, 2 volunteer Ladders, 4 Tankers, 6 Squads, 3 Utility Units, 3 Marine Units (Fireboats), 1 Dive Rescue Unit, 1 Special Operations Unit, 1 Heavy Rescue and several other support units. The eight all-volunteer fire companies are quartered in all 8 Fire Stations, located throughout the town, and respond to emergency calls with the paid GFD Units. The all-volunteer fire companies are each commanded by a District Chief, who in-turn reports to a Deputy Chief of the GFD, who reports to the Chief of Department.[27] There is also the Cos Cob Fire Police Patrol, one of the only remaining Fire Police Patrols in Fairfield County, Connecticut. The Patrol operates 2 Units, Patrol 2 (P2) and Utility 2 (U2). The paid Greenwich Fire Department and the 7 all-volunteer Greenwich Fire Companies respond to, on average, approximately 5,000 emergency calls annually.[28][29]

By 2012, the town was planning to replace the current Central Fire Station (Fire Headquarters) with a new Fire Headquarters and merge the Greenwich EMS into the new facility. The town was also planning on adding a 9th Fire Station with a paid Engine in the Back Country on King Street in town. As of early Summer 2012, Engine 1, Tower 1, and the Deputy Chief are moving to a temporary facility in the commuter parking lot at Horseneck Lane and Shore Road.[30]

The eight fire stations that protect and serve the town of Greenwich, as well as the fire apparatus esquartered there, are listed below:[31]

Fire station Company Paid GFD units Volunteer units Address Neighborhood
Central Fire Station GFD, Amogerone Vol. Fire Co. 1, Vol. Chemical & Hose Co. 2 Engine 1, Tower 1, Special Operations 1, Car 1(Chief of Department), Car 2(Assistant Chief), Car 3(Deputy Chief), Car 4(Fire Marshal), Car 5(Training Lt.), Car 10(Special Unit) Squad 1, Squad 11, Car 101(District Chief) 15 Havemeyer Pl. Downtown
Cos Cob Fire Station GFD, Cos Cob Vol. Fire Co. 1, Cos Cob Fire Police Patrol 1 Engine 2 Engine 21, Tanker 2, Marine 2, Squad 2, Patrol 2, Utility 2, Car 201(District Chief), Car 202(Assistant District Chief) 200 Post Rd. Cos Cob
Byram Fire Station GFD, Byram Vol. Fire Co. 3 Engine 3, Prime Mover 1 Engine 31, Utility 3, Car 301(District Chief), Car 302(Assistant District Chief) Delavan Ave. & Mead Ave. Byram
Glenville Fire Station GFD, Glenville Vol. Fire Co. 4 Engine 4, Decon. Trailer 1 Engine 41, Ladder 4, Marine 4, Squad 4, Utility 4, Car 401(District Chief), Car 402(Assistant District Chief) 266 Glenville Rd. Glenville
Sound Beach Fire Station GFD, Sound Beach Vol. Fire Co. 5 Engine 5, Rescue 5, Engine 51, Ladder 5, Rescue 51, Marine 5, Technical Rescue Trailer, Tac 5, Squad 5, Car 501(District Chief) 207 Sound Beach Ave. Old Greenwich
Round Hill Fire Station Round Hill Vol. Fire Co. 6 Engine 61, Engine 62, Tanker 6, Squad 6, Car 601(District Chief), Car 602(Assistant District Chief) 166 W. Old Mill Rd. Round Hill
Banksville Fire Station Banksville Independent Vol. Fire Co. 1 Engine 71, Engine 72, Engine 73, Rescue 7, Tanker 7, Tanker 17, Mini-Attack 11, Car 701(District Chief), Car 702(Assistant District Chief) 33 Bedford-Greenwich Rd. Banksville
Back Country Fire Station GFD Engine 8, Decon. Trailer 2 669 North St. Back Country

Police Department[edit]

Located at 11 Bruce Place, GPD has 87 Police Officers, 22 Detectives, 19 Sergeants, 10 Lieutenants, 3 Captains, and one Deputy Chief with 20+ civilian dispatchers and administrative personnel.[32] and includes a K-9 unit.[33] The current Chief of Police is Jim Heavey while the First Selectman is Police Commissioner.[34]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Greenwich Public Schools operates the public schools. Greenwich High School is the district's sole high school. As of 2012 elementary schools had the same pattern of racial segregation as the town as a whole with Hispanic students concentrated in the two elementary schools in the southwestern corner of the district, New Lebanon and Hamilton Avenue.[8] The 3 middle schools have balanced enrollment.[35] There is a Connecticut racial diversity law which requires that the percentage of students in an ethnic group in a school may not deviate by more than 25% from the average for the district. Thus, as of 2013, the district was out of compliance[9] and was searching for solutions.[35]

Private schools[edit]

Recreation[edit]

The town has four beaches on Long Island Sound: Greenwich Point, Byram Beach, Island Beach (Little Captain's Island), and Great Captain Island.

A single-visit beach pass for non-residents to Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point" after the previous private owners), which is on a peninsula and so includes picnic areas, a beach and small marina, is $7 per person and $25 per car. Tickets must be purchased at the town hall, the Eastern Greenwich Civic Center, or Western Greenwich Civic Center. However, anyone can go to the point for free between November and April. The point has views of Manhattan, bridges connecting the Bronx and Queens, and Brooklyn and Staten Island, and newly built hi-rises in New Rochelle, New York.

There is also a community sailing center and rental area located in the park. Bicycling and roller-blading are popular sports on the trails and paths in the summer.

The town owns the Griffith E. Harris golf course. The 18-link course is named after "Griff" Harris, first selectman from 1952 to 1958. There are also eight country clubs in town with golf courses, and the Dorothy Hamill Rink is also in town.

Arch Street, The Greenwich Teen Center has age-specific programs and events on weekdays and weekends. It is the longest-running privately funded teen center in the nation. Arch Street is located at Roger Sherman Baldwin park. Every year in May, there is a Greenwich Town Party. The party has had performances from famous musicians such as Earth Wind and The Doobie Brothers (2014), the Temptations (2011), James Taylor (2012) (he sang Fire and Rain during a torrental rain shower), Paul Simon (2013), Santana and Buddy Guy (2014), John Fogerty and Hall and Oates (2016).

Arts and culture[edit]

Winter Harmony (1890s) by John Henry Twachtman
  • Greenwich is home to the Greenwich International Film Festival, which acts in coordination with nonprofits to promote socially conscious filmmaking in the city's downtown in an annual June festival, in addition to screenings and events held year-round.[38][39]
  • Greenwich Symphony Orchestra. Begun in 1958 as the Greenwich Philharmonia, it became fully professional by 1967. The orchestra's 90 members perform at the Dickerman Hollister Auditorium at Greenwich High School. It also performs a pops concert in the summer. David Gilbert has been music director and conductor since 1975 and is also the director of the Bergen (NJ) Philharmonic and the Senior Concert Orchestra of New York.
  • Greenwich Choral Society, founded in 1925, has performs locally and elsewhere, including in New York City and Europe. It has also performed several times with the Greenwich Symphony, New Haven Symphony, New Haven Chorale, and Stamford Symphony, as well as at the Ives Festival in Danbury. The chorus previewed Dave Brubeck's La Fiesta de la Posada, and has commissioned works by James Furman, Stephen Paulus, Rob Mathes, and Michael Schelle. In 2000 the chorus premiered a work by Adolphus Hailstork, Songs of Innocence, commissioned especially for the 75th anniversary season. The current music director and conductor is Paul F. Mueller. Notable past conductors include Lowell Beveridge, Jack Ossewaarde, Vernon de Tar, Louie L. White and Richard Vogt.[40]
  • The Bruce Museum is a town-owned institution with sections devoted to art and natural history.
  • The U.S. government’s policies towards Native Americans in the second half of the nineteenth century were influenced by the desire to expand westward into territories occupied by these Native American tribes. By the 1850s nearly all Native American tribes, roughly 360,000 in number, lived to the west of the Mississippi River. These American Indians, some from the Northwestern and Southeastern territories, were confined to Indian Territory located in present-day Oklahoma, while the Kiowa and Comanche Native American tribes shared the land of the Southern Plains. The Mohawk, Abenaki, and Martha's Vineyar Indians settled in mainland Massachusetts. The Agwam, Fox, Algonquian, Huron, and Iroquois Confederacy settled in Berkshire Massachusetts and beyond into Pennsylvania.

http://www.davemcgary.com/northeast-native-american-tribes.htm

The Sioux, Crows and Blackfeet dominated the Northern Plains.Greenwich Arts Council

Hotels[edit]

The Stanton House Inn is a 20-room Inn on 76 Maple Avenue in downtown Greenwich. It is located in the Seaman-Brush house, which was designed by Stanford White in 1900 and expanded from a previously-existing home. The Seaman-Brush house has been used as a hotel, inn, or bed and breakfast since the 1940s.

The J House Greenwich is located at 1114 East Putnam Ave. Greenwich at the site of a former Howard Johnson hotel. This hotel is neighboring both Greenwich and Stamford, Connecticut. The 50-foot three-story hotel was built by Gateway Development in 2011. The property was purchased by Brenwood Hospitality Group in 2011.[41] The hotel features two dining establishments, the J House Restaurant and a coffee bar, which replaced the eleven14Kitchen and Chocolate Lab respectively.[42]

The Hyatt Regency is located on Putnam Ave. It boasts an indoor "ecosystem" with small rivers and plant life.

Business[edit]

  • AQR Capital: headquarters, 2 Greenwich Plaza.
  • Avant Capital Partners: commercial real estate lender and capital advisory firm
  • Blue Sky Studios: 1 American Ln. Academy Award-winning animation studio, creators of the popular animated films: Ice Age, Robots, Ice Age: The Meltdown, Dr. Seuss' Horton Hears a Who!, Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs, Rio Ice Age: Continental Drift, Epic and Rio 2.
  • Blyth, Inc. (BTH): headquarters, 1 East Weaver St.; the nation's largest candlemaker, the company designs and markets home fragrance products, seasonal decorations, home décor and household convenience items internationally; 5,500 employees company-wide, 45 in Connecticut; $1.6 billion in annual revenues (2005); CEO Robert B. Goergen
  • Cambridge Solutions: headquarters, 340 Pemberwick Road; is a strategic global outsourcing firm, one of the largest BPO companies worldwide; 4,400 employees companywide; CEO Christopher A. Sinclair.[43]
  • First Reserve Corporation: headquarters, a private equity firm with $12.5 billion under management that buys energy-related companies, founded by CEO William Macaulay.
  • Interactive Brokers: headquarters, 2 Pickwick Plaza
  • Nestle Waters North America, division of the "world's biggest water bottler" (headquartered in Switzerland; Nestle Waters world division headquartered in Paris) accounting for 48 percent of its water sales and 10 percent of its revenue; with "Poland Spring, Deer Park, Perrier, S. Pellegrino and other brands it has 43 percent of the U.S. single-serve market. (All figures as of August 2006.)[44]
  • North Street Capital: headquarters, Private Equity & Hedge Fund firm founded by Alex Mascioli
  • Paloma Partners: hedge fund founded by Donald Sussman
  • RSR Partners: headquarters, 600 Steamboat Road; board search, leadership recruiting, and corporate governance consulting firm
  • Silver Point Capital: hedge fund
  • United Rentals Inc. (URI): headquarters, 5 Greenwich Office Park; the largest equipment rental company in the world, with more than 750 rental locations in 48 states, Canada and Mexico; 13,400 employees companywide, 400 in Connecticut; $3.6 billion in annual revenues (2005); CEO Wayland R. Hicks
  • W.R. Berkley Corporation: headquarters, 475 Steamboat Road; a holding company for subsidiaries that sell property-casualty insurance; 4,961 employees company-wide, 319 in Connecticut; $5 billion in annual revenues; CEO William R. Berkley
  • WWE: formerly WWF, was headquartered in Greenwich during the 1980s, 75 Holly Hill Lane.

Top employers[edit]

According to Greenwich's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[45] the top employers in the town are:

# Employer No. of employees
1 Town of Greenwich 2,366
2 Greenwich Hospital 1,816
3 Orograin Bakeries (division of Bimbo Bakeries USA)[46] 500
4 Blue Sky Studios 400
5 Hyatt Regency - Greenwich 650
6 Greenwich Woods Rehabilitation & Health Care Center 235
7 Tudor Investment Corporation 227
8 Connecticut Light and Power Company 200
9 Brunswick School 200
10 Camuto Group 200

Transportation[edit]

The town is served by the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line (the four stations, from west to east, are Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside, and Old Greenwich) and is approximately a 50-minute train ride to Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan on the express train and a 60-minute ride on the local.[47] The Amtrak Acela, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter trains stop in the adjacent city of Stamford.[48]

Interstate 95 goes through the southern end of town, and there are four exits from I-95 in Greenwich, exits 2 through 5. The Boston Post Road (also known as East or West Putnam Avenue or simply Route 1) also goes through town, as does the Merritt Parkway, although the Merritt Parkway is a considerable distance from the downtown area. Interstate 684 passes through Greenwich, but cannot be entered or exited there, and the nearest interchange is at the Westchester County Airport in New York State.

Westchester County Airport is the closest commercial airport to Greenwich. It takes approximately 15 minutes to drive from the town's center. This is followed by LaGuardia Airport in Queens, New York, a 35-minute drive approximately. John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York, is the closest international airport, a one-hour drive approximately. Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey is also easily accessible from Greenwich, taking approximately one hour to drive to.

Two bridges in Greenwich were among 12 in the state listed in "critical" condition by state safety inspectors as of August 2007. The Riversville Road bridge, built in the 1950s, now has a weight limit of 3 tons, but as of August 5, 2007, the bridge had not been inspected in over two years (in March 2005), according to state records obtained by the Hartford Courant, although a state official said the bridge was inspected in August 2005 and would be inspected again in August 2007. In the March 2005 inspection, the bridge's above-ground structure was deemed to be in critical condition, with other components in poor condition. The Bailiwick Road bridge in town was closed in April 2007 and remained closed as of August 2007 due to storm damage. The ratings for the two bridges were worse than the Interstate 35W bridge in Minneapolis, which collapsed during rush hour on August 1, 2007.[49]

According to the DataHaven Community Wellbeing Survey, a statewide program funded by various agencies and philanthropies, 4% of adults in Greenwich are "transportation insecure," meaning that they have had to stay at home during the past year due to a lack of adequate transportation. The comparable rate for all adults statewide is 13%.[50]

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Greenwich has three sister cities:[51]

City Municipality Country Year
Kitzbühel AUT Tirol COA.svg Tyrol  Austria 1961
Vienne Blason département fr Isère.svg Isère  France
Nacka Nacka vapen.svg Nacka  Sweden

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

  • WGCH-AM 1490 radio station; 1,000 watts

Newspapers and print[edit]

Films shot in Greenwich[edit]

Spring by John Henry Twachtman, 1890s, a painting of his Greenwich farm

List is in reverse chronological order of movies filmed (or partially filmed) in Greenwich:[52]

  • Boychoir (2014)
  • The Big Wedding (2013)
  • Great Hope Springs (2011)
  • All Good Things (2010)
  • The Switch (2010)
  • The Best Laid Plans (2009)
  • Listen to Your Heart (2009)
  • Old Dogs (2009)
  • A Smirk of Satisfaction (2009)
  • Revolutionary Road (2008)
  • The Accidental Husband (2008)
  • The Life Before Her Eyes (2007)
  • Person of Interest (2007)
  • Borrowing Rebecca (2006)
  • The Accidental Husband (2006)
  • The Good Shepherd (2006)
  • Holes in My Shoes (2006)
  • The Path of Most Resistance (2006)
  • After Roberto (2005)
  • Domino One (2005)
  • The Family Stone (2006)
  • Figment (2005/II)
  • Filmic Achievement (2005)
  • R.I.P. (2005/I)
  • The Stepford Wives (2004)
  • Chubby Kid, A (2002)
  • Fabled (2002)
  • The Ice Storm (1997)
  • Ransom (1996)
  • Deadtime Stories (1986)
  • Danny (1977)
  • Time Piece (1965)
  • Open the Door and See All the People (1964)
  • The American Venus (1926)
  • Via Wireless (1915)
  • The Perils of Pauline (1914)
  • Two Little Waifs (1910)
  • The Golden Supper (1910)
  • The Cardinal's Conspiracy (1909)
  • A Change of Heart (1909)
  • The Country Doctor (1909)
  • Sweet and Twenty (1909)
  • Tender Hearts (1909)
  • The Message (1909)
  • The Little Teacher (1909)

Television filmed in Greenwich[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Greenwich town, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  2. ^ "MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2005: Greenwich, CT snapshot". CNN. 
  3. ^ "Greenwich History". The US Gen Web Project. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Greenwich Point History". friendsofgreenwichpoint.org. 1944-12-13. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  5. ^ a b [1] Greenwich history page at Connecticut GenWeb site.
  6. ^ "I-95 Bridge Collapse Sends Cars Into River". New York Times. June 29, 1983. Retrieved 2010-03-10. At least two tractor-trailer trucks and two passenger cars went into the Mianus River early this morning when a Connecticut Turnpike bridge over it collapsed, the Connecticut state police said. 
  7. ^ a b "Imbalance in Greenwich Schools". The New York Times. July 19, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Al Baker (July 19, 2013). "Law on RacialDiversity Stirs Greenwich Schools". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d Johnson, Robert (2 June 2011). "The 25 Richest Neighborhoods In America". The Business Insider. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  10. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/27/realestate/27livi.html?pagewanted=all
  11. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/theater/back-to-his-working-class-roots.html
  12. ^ Nova, Susan, "Many rooms, skyline views: Chateau atop Round Hill is for sale", article, Real Estate section, The Advocate of Stamford, March 2, 2007, page R1
  13. ^ a b "Upgrades make Calf Island more attractive to visitors", by Michael Dinan, "Greenwich Time", and "The Advocate" of Stamford, August 15, 2006, page 4, "The Advocate"
  14. ^ a b "Crew member passes on stories about island", by Michael Dinan, an article in the Greenwich Time August 7, 2006. When the public first began visiting this island, a casino existed here.
  15. ^ "Average Weather for Greenwich". Weather.com. Retrieved 17 May 2008. 
  16. ^ http://average-snowfall.weatherdb.com/l/10614/Greenwich-Connecticut
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  19. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "GR2" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  20. ^ Crenson, Sharon L., "Gibson selling Greenwich estate for $39.5M", Bloomberg News, article appeared in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, July 12, 2007, pA2
  21. ^ a b "A Guide To Greenwich Government" (PDF). League of Women Voters Greenwich. Retrieved 8 March 2013. [dead link]
  22. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 30, 2012" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-12-30. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  23. ^ Connecticut Mill Rates - Courant.com
  24. ^ http://www.greenwichct.org/upload/medialibrary/48a/Mill_Rate_Summary_12-13.pdf
  25. ^ "GEMS Greenwich Emergency Medical Service - Locations". Greenwichems.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  26. ^ "Local 1042 GFD :: About the GFD". Greenwichfire.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  27. ^ "Fire Department - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  28. ^ "Local 1042 GFD :: Home". Greenwichfire.org. 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  29. ^ "Central Fire Station Presentation - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  30. ^ "Station Locations - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  31. ^ "Patrol Division - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  32. ^ "K-9 Unit - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  33. ^ "Police Department - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  34. ^ a b "Greenwich Public Schools Facility Utilization and Racial Balance Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Greenwich Public Schools. 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  35. ^ Chamoff, Lisa. "Greenwich Japanese School celebrates its 35th anniversary." Greenwich Time. Thursday September 2, 2010. Retrieved on January 9, 2012.
  36. ^ Hagey, Keach, "Hebrew Academy opens on new campus", The Advocate of Stamford, September 13, 2006, page A3
  37. ^ "Greenwich International Film Festival Oscar Party". Fairfield County Look. 2 March 2014. 
  38. ^ Eidelstein, Eric (30 May 2014). "The Inaugural Greenwich International Film Festival Will Debut in Summer 2015". IndieWire. 
  39. ^ Society history Greenwich Choral Society website, accessed on July 19, 2006 Archived August 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  40. ^ "First Look: The J House in Greenwich, CT". HotelChatter. Jun. 13, 2012. Retrieved 10-18-2012. http://www.hotelchatter.com/story/2012/6/13/114852/659/hotels/First_Look%3A_The_J_House_in_Greenwich,_CT
  41. ^ "Hotel upgrades: J House and others opt for amenities". Greenwich Time. September 3, 2015. Retrieved 11-29-2015. http://www.greenwichtime.com/business/article/Hotel-upgrades-J-House-and-others-opt-for-6483194.php
  42. ^ cambridgeworldwide.com
  43. ^ "Water, water everywhere -- but activists don't want Nestle to have it", article by Hugo Miller for Bloomberg News as appeared in The Advocate of Stamford, Business section, August 6, 2006, pp. F1, F6
  44. ^ Town of Greenwich CAFR
  45. ^ http://www.trademarkia.com/orograin-77147128.html
  46. ^ "Metro-North New Haven Line Timetable" (PDF). MTA Website. Metropolitan Transit Authority. 
  47. ^ "Stamford Station page". Amtrak Website. 
  48. ^ Kaplan, Thomas, Martineau, Kim, and Kauffman, Matthew, "12 state bridges are judged to be in critical condition" article in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, article reprinted from The Hartford Courant, August 5, 2007, pp1, A6
  49. ^ "Greenwich Town Profile". DataHaven. DataHaven. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  50. ^ "Web Resources - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  51. ^ IMDb: Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "Greenwich, Connecticut, USA"
  52. ^ Greenwich Time 2/11/12

External links[edit]