Greenwich and Woolwich (UK Parliament constituency)
|Greenwich and Woolwich|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Greenwich and Woolwich in Greater London.
|Electorate||66,982 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Greenwich, Woolwich and Charlton|
|Member of parliament||Matthew Pennycook (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Greenwich, Woolwich|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
The seat while dominated in the south by expansive and panoramic Greenwich Park retains constituent connections to work at the former Royal Docks by and Gas Works in North Greenwich[n 4] and has a considerable social dependency in its Greenwich and Woolwich town centres, including in social housing, heightened by an acute demand for housing, particularly in the western half, SE10 due to architecturally-rich conservation areas and very close proximity to Canary Wharf and City of London. Reflecting this demographic split in the latter 20th century were 5 and 11-year periods when the two predecessor seats were served by the SDP. Including these pre-1997 predecessors, the area has since World War II been a Labour safe seat, or, as indicated in the 1987 result for Greenwich only, in the best result for a Conservative candidate locally during the years since 1955, occasionally a marginal.[n 5]
The Greenwich seat was a safe Labour seat for much of the twentieth century, though it had been a safe Liberal seat throughout most of the nineteenth century. In 1987 it was unexpectedly won by the Social Democratic Party at a by-election, but was narrowly regained by Labour at the 1992 general election.
The Woolwich seat (and its predecessor Woolwich East) was a similar safe-Liberal-seat-turned-safe-Labour-seat. Its Labour MP Christopher Mayhew defected to the Liberals in 1974 before being defeated, and his Labour successor, John Cartwright, defected to the SDP in 1981. He held the seat at the 1983 and 1987 general elections, but narrowly lost it to Labour in 1992, like the neighbouring Greenwich seat.
The constituency is made up of seven electoral wards from the Royal Borough of Greenwich:
- Blackheath Westcombe, Charlton, Glyndon, Greenwich West, Peninsula, Woolwich Common, Woolwich Riverside
There are Conservative councillors in the Blackheath Westcombe ward, but the remainder making up the constituency are all Labour, making this a safe seat for them.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in South London, and as a consequence of changes to ward boundaries, the Boundary Commission for England recommended that part of Woolwich Common ward be transferred to Greenwich and Woolwich from the constituency of Eltham; that parts of Glyndon ward be transferred from Eltham and Erith and Thamesmead; and that parts of Kidbrooke with Hornfair ward, Eltham West ward, and Middle Park and Sutcliffe ward be transferred from Greenwich and Woolwich to Eltham.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Greenwich and Woolwich|
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Holder||2,645||5.7||-12.5|
|General Election 2010: Greenwich and Woolwich|
|Liberal Democrat||Joseph Lee||7,498||18.5||-1.5|
|English Democrats||Raden Wresniwiro||339||0.8||-2.6|
|No label||Tammy Alingham||61||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Greenwich and Woolwich|
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Le Breton||7,381||20.7||+5.1|
|English Democrats||Garry Bushell||1,216||3.4||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Greenwich and Woolwich|
|Liberal Democrat||Russell Pyne||5,082||15.6||+3.1|
|Socialist Alliance||Kirstie Paton||481||1.5||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Margaret Sharkey||352||1.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Greenwich and Woolwich|
|Liberal Democrat||Cherry Luxton||5,049||12.5||N/A|
|Referendum Party||Douglas Ellison||1,670||4.1||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- While not seen in older pronunciation guides than 2000, // is often preferred among those from outside the area, most Transport for London announcements and generally younger or more recent residents
- MP for Greenwich (UK Parliament constituency) 1992-97
- As with all constituencies, Greenwich and Woolwich elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- See The O2 Arena
- The winning majority was 5.7% over the Conservative challenger.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Open Street Map
- 2001 Census
- Greenwich SE10 area guide
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BNP to Fight 32 Parliamentary Seats in London". BNP. 3 April 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2010.[dead link]
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.