Greenwich and Woolwich (UK Parliament constituency)
|Greenwich and Woolwich|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Greenwich and Woolwich in Greater London.
|Electorate||77,190 (June 2017) |
|Major settlements||Greenwich, Woolwich and Charlton|
|Member of parliament||Matthew Pennycook (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Greenwich, Woolwich|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
The seat while dominated in the south by expansive and panoramic Greenwich Park retains constituent connections to work at the former Royal Docks by and Gas Works in North Greenwich[n 4] and has a considerable social dependency in its Greenwich and Woolwich town centres, including in social housing, heightened by an acute demand for housing, particularly in the western half, SE10 due to architecturally-rich conservation areas and very close proximity to Canary Wharf and City of London.
- Since 1997
The constituency was created for the 1997 general election by the merger of the former Greenwich constituency, and the western half of the former Woolwich constituency. It has been controlled by the Labour Party since its creation, where they received their highest share of the vote in 1997; with 44.8%. Thirteen years later, the 2010 general election produced the smallest vote share of 24.7%.
The 2015 general election result was the 105th-safest Labour majority of 232 seats won by Labour at that election.
- Greenwich forerunner
Reflecting a demographic split in the latter twentieth century were five and eleven-year periods when the two predecessor seats were represented by candidates from the SDP.
The former Greenwich constituency was a secure Labour Party seat for much of the twentieth century, though it had been a safe Liberal seat throughout most of the nineteenth century. In 1987, it was gained by the Social Democratic Party at a by-election and narrowly regained by Labour five years later at the 1992 general election.
- Woolwich forerunner
The former Woolwich constituency (and its predecessor Woolwich East) was a similar safe-Liberal-seat-turned-safe-Labour-seat. Its Labour MP Christopher Mayhew defected to the Liberal Party in 1974 before being defeated, and his Labour successor, John Cartwright, defected to the SDP in 1981. He retained the seat at the 1983 and 1987 general elections, but narrowly lost it to Labour in 1992; in a similar fashion to the neighbouring Greenwich seat. In council elections, since the seat's 1997 creation, most wards have tended to elect Labour councillors and few wards other than the Blackheath Westcombe ward have tended to elect Conservative councillors.
- 1945-1997 combined summary
Including the pre-1997 predecessors, the area has since World War II been a Labour safe seat, or, as indicated in the 1987 result for Greenwich only, in the best result for a Conservative candidate locally during the years since 1955, occasionally a marginal.[n 5]
1997–2010: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Arsenal, Blackheath, Burrage, Charlton, Ferrier, Hornfair, Kidbrooke, Nightingale, Rectory Field, St Alfege, St Mary's, Trafalgar, Vanbrugh, West, and Woolwich Common.
2010–present: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Blackheath Westcombe, Charlton, Glyndon, Greenwich West, Peninsula, Woolwich Common, and Woolwich Riverside.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in South London, and as a consequence of changes to ward boundaries, the Boundary Commission for England recommended that part of Woolwich Common ward be transferred to Greenwich and Woolwich from the constituency of Eltham; that parts of Glyndon ward be transferred from Eltham and Erith and Thamesmead; and that parts of Kidbrooke with Hornfair ward, Eltham West ward, and Middle Park and Sutcliffe ward be transferred from Greenwich and Woolwich to Eltham.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Adams||3,785||7.1||+1.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Holder||2,645||5.7||-12.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Joseph Lee||7,498||18.5||-1.5|
|English Democrat||Raden Wresniwiro||339||0.8||-2.6|
|No label||Tammy Alingham||61||0.2||+0.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Le Breton||7,381||20.7||+5.1|
|English Democrat||Garry Bushell||1,216||3.4||+3.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Russell Pyne||5,082||15.6||+3.1|
|Socialist Alliance||Kirstie Paton||481||1.5||+1.5|
|Socialist Labour||Margaret Sharkey||352||1.1||+1.1|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Cherry Luxton||5,049||12.5||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- While not seen in older pronunciation guides than 2000, // is often preferred among those from outside the area, most Transport for London announcements and generally younger or more recent residents
- MP for Greenwich (UK Parliament constituency) 1992–97
- As with all constituencies, Greenwich and Woolwich elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- See The O2 Arena
- The winning majority was 5.7% over the Conservative challenger.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Open Street Map
- 2001 Census
- Greenwich SE10 area guide
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)
- "Greenwich & Woolwich parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf] House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report Check
|url=value (help). Missing or empty
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://www.ryanacty.org.uk Archived 2015-02-11 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-02.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BNP to Fight 32 Parliamentary Seats in London". BNP. 3 April 2010. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)