Greenwood, Louisiana

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Greenwood, Louisiana
Town
Greenwood Municipal Complex
Greenwood Municipal Complex
Motto(s): Gateway to Louisiana
Location of Greenwood in Caddo Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Greenwood in Caddo Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 32°26′10″N 93°57′50″W / 32.43611°N 93.96389°W / 32.43611; -93.96389Coordinates: 32°26′10″N 93°57′50″W / 32.43611°N 93.96389°W / 32.43611; -93.96389
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Caddo
Founded 1839
Government
Area[1]
 • Total 8.99 sq mi (23.30 km2)
 • Land 8.98 sq mi (23.25 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation 249 ft (76 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,219
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 3,157
 • Density 351.68/sq mi (135.78/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 318
FIPS code 22-31705
Website greenwoodla.org

Greenwood is a town in southern Caddo Parish, which is located in the northwest corner of Louisiana, United States. The population was 3,219 at the 2010 census,[3] up from 2,458 in 2000. Part of the Shreveport-Bossier City Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is located 15 miles west of downtown Shreveport.

Greenwood is approximately 165 miles east of Dallas, Texas, and about 290 miles northwest of New Orleans. In 2006 Earnest Lampkins was elected as the first black mayor of Greenwood; in January 2007 shots were fired into his house and he received threats during his tenure.

History[edit]

Greenwood was established by European Americans in 1839 after the forced Indian Removal of the Caddo people to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) west of the Mississippi River.

During the Civil War Battle of Mansfield in April 1864, Confederate wounded were treated at the historic Dunn House built in the 1840s. It is now located next to the Town Hall on Highway 80. Several other historic houses located in Greenwood, including the Trosper House, have been added to the National Register of Historic Places.

As in the rest of Louisiana, most blacks were disenfranchised from the turn of the 20th century into the 1960s, and the state was dominated by white Democrats. Caddo Parish Sheriff J. Howell Flournoy, who served a record 26 years in office from 1940–1966, was born in Greenwood in 1891 and was part of the political Flournoy dynasty.[4]

On March 3, 1964, Owen Dickson Adams (January 13, 1926 – April 18, 2017) of Greenwood and B. F. O'Neal, Jr., of Shreveport, later a state representative, were elected as Republicans to the historically Democratic-dominated Caddo Parish Commission. (It was then known as the police jury, equivalent to the county commission in other states.)[5] This was in a period of considerable cultural change as the civil rights movement was underway; the federal Civil Rights Act was passed later in 1964 and the Voting Rights Act in 1965. Blacks had been disenfranchised in Louisiana since the turn of the century, when passage of a new constitution included barriers to voter registration. White Democrats began to join the Republican Party.

Adams served on the police jury until 1976; O'Neal until 1968, when Adams won his second term. He was the only Republican in Caddo Parish that year to win an election.[6] An engineer with Spectra Energy, then known as Texas Eastern, Adams relocated to Houston, Texas. On retirement, he returned to Greenwood and subsequently served twelve years as mayor and three terms on the city council. He died at the age of ninety-one and is interred at Forest Park West Cemetery in Shreveport.[7]

Earnest Lampkins (1928-2018), a native of Shreveport, earned a PhD and had a career as a music educator. He taught music at all levels, becoming supervisor of music for Caddo Parish. He founded the Louisiana School of Professions.[8] In 2004, Lampkins was elected as the first Black mayor of Greenwood, where he had long been active in the community. On December 30, 2006, Gerald Washington, elected as the first Black mayor of the small southwest town of Westlake, Louisiana, was found dead of a gunshot. The death was ruled a suicide, but his family and others believed it was a racially motivated murder. Less than two weeks later, Lampkins reported that shots were fired into his house. During his term, he continued to receive threats. Someone also installed a “for sale” sign outside his house.[9] Jordan Flaherty, Floodlines: Community and Resistance from Katrina to the Jena Six, Haymarket Books, 2010, p. 232</ref>

Geography[edit]

Greenwood is located in western Caddo Parish at 32°26′10″N 93°57′50″W / 32.43611°N 93.96389°W / 32.43611; -93.96389 (32.436051, -93.963902).[10] Greenwood Road (U.S. Routes 80 and 79) is the main route through the center of town. Interstate 20 passes through the northern part of the town, with access from exits 3 and 5. Downtown Shreveport is 15 miles (24 km) to the east, and Waskom, Texas, is 6 miles (10 km) to the west. Carthage, Texas, is 31 miles (50 km) to the southwest down US 79.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Greenwood has a total area of 9.0 square miles (23.3 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.04 km2), or 0.19%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970212
19801,043392.0%
19902,092100.6%
20002,45817.5%
20103,21931.0%
Est. 20163,157[2]−1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 2,458 people, 964 households, and 701 families residing in the town. The population density was 315.5 people per square mile (121.8/km²). There were 1,036 housing units at an average density of 133.0 per square mile (51.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 77.01% White, 20.63% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.79% of the population.

There were 964 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,408, and the median income for a family was $52,955. Males had a median income of $38,750 versus $26,622 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,374. About 9.3% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over.

Images of Greenwood[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 2, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Greenwood town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  4. ^ "HistoricalFacts". caddohistory.com. Caddo Historical Society. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
  5. ^ Shreveport Journal, 4 March 1964, p. 1.
  6. ^ Shreveport Journal, 7 February 1968, p. 1.
  7. ^ "Owen Adams obituary". The Shreveport Times. April 21, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  8. ^ Obituary: Earnest Lampkins, first published in Shreveport Times, 16 January 2018
  9. ^ "Jordan Flaherty, "Did a Racist Coup in a Northern Louisiana Town Overthrow Its Black Mayor and Police Chief?"". Dissident Voice. dissidentvoice.org. 26 March 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]