Greenwood, Indiana

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For the unincorporated community in Wayne County, see Greenwood, Wayne County, Indiana.
City of Greenwood, Indiana
City
The Commercial Historic District
The Commercial Historic District
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 39°36′41″N 86°07′05″W / 39.61139°N 86.11806°W / 39.61139; -86.11806Coordinates: 39°36′41″N 86°07′05″W / 39.61139°N 86.11806°W / 39.61139; -86.11806
Country United States
State Indiana
County Johnson
Government
 • Mayor Mark W. Myers (R)
Area[1]
 • Total 21.23 sq mi (54.99 km2)
 • Land 21.23 sq mi (54.99 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 804 ft (245 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 49,791
 • Estimate (2014[3]) 54,491
 • Density 2,345.3/sq mi (905.5/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 46142-46143
Area code(s) 317
FIPS code 18-29898[4]
GNIS feature ID 0435464[5]
Website www.greenwood.in.gov

Greenwood is a city in Johnson County, Indiana, United States. The population was 49,791 at the 2010 Census, and increased to 55,586 in the Census 2015 estimates.[6] It is home to the Greenwood Park Mall. Greenwood is located between Indiana State Road 37 and Interstate 65. The city shares a border with Indianapolis and is the most populous suburb in the southern portion of the Indianapolis Metropolitan Area.

History[edit]

Early History and Founding[edit]

The first inhabitants of the area currently known as Greenwood were the Delaware Indians (Lenape). Greenwood was first known as "Smocktown" or "Smock's Settlement", and it became "Greenfield" in 1825. Since this clashed with another Greenfield located in Hancock County, the name of the settlement was changed to Greenwood. Some claim the town's name was in honor of Samuel Greenwood, who platted the community in 1872.

Indianapolis Interurban[edit]

Greenwood was an early and key cog in the Electric Indianapolis Interurban Railway System. In 1895, Henry L. Smith proposed and organized the Indianapolis, Greenwood & Franklin Company and graded the line to Greenwood. The Indianapolis, Greenwood & Franklin was opened between Indianapolis and Greenwood on 1 January 1900 and, according to Indianapolis historian Jacob Piatt Dunn, was the Hoosier capital’s first real interurban electric railway.[7] The railway followed what is now Madison Avenue.

Greenwood was incorporated as a town under Indiana law in 1864[8] and became a fifth-class city in 1960.[9]

Greenwood Commercial Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.[10]

Transportation and Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, Greenwood has a total area of 21.231 square miles (54.99 km2), of which 21.23 square miles (54.99 km2) (or 100%) is land and 0.001 square miles (0.00 km2) (or 0%) is water.[1]

Airport[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 448
1890 862 92.4%
1900 1,503 74.4%
1910 1,608 7.0%
1920 1,907 18.6%
1930 2,377 24.6%
1940 2,499 5.1%
1950 3,066 22.7%
1960 7,169 133.8%
1970 11,869 65.6%
1980 19,327 62.8%
1990 26,265 35.9%
2000 36,037 37.2%
2010 49,791 38.2%
Est. 2015 55,586 [11] 11.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 49,791 people, 19,615 households, and 12,845 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,345.3 inhabitants per square mile (905.5/km2). There were 21,339 housing units at an average density of 1,005.1 per square mile (388.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.1% White, 1.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.0% of the population.

There were 19,615 households of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.5% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the city was 34 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 36,037 people, 14,931 households, and 9,600 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,524.8 people per square mile (975.0/km²). There were 16,042 housing units at an average density of 1,123.9 per square mile (434.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.54% White, 0.44% African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.36% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population.

There were 14,931 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,176, and the median income for a family was $57,298. Males had a median income of $40,291 versus $28,936 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,003. About 4.6% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over

Economic Environment[edit]

Large Employers[edit]

Greenwood is home to the U.S. headquarters of Endress+Hauser, a Swiss company that specializes in process automation and instrumentation products. The city is also home to Indiana American Water, a publicly traded utility that serves about 1.2 million Hoosiers in 126 communities. Other major employers in Greenwood include the corporate headquarters for machine tools manufacturer Nachi America; distribution centers for Ulta, ALDI, and Nestle Waters North America; and a medical services complex for Ortho Indy.

Indianapolis Suburb[edit]

As a bedroom community for Indianapolis, Greenwood is a popular destination for families seeking homes in the Central Indiana Region. In 2013, Greenwood ranked fifth in a list of the top 10 most affordable suburbs in the U.S. by real estate blog Movoto.com. In 2014, Johnson County was one of eight counties across the country profiled by CNN Money in their “Where the Middle Class Thrives” series.[13]

Education[edit]

Educational attainment[edit]

91.1% of Greenwood residents are high school graduates or higher. 26.1% of residents have a attained a Bachelor's degree or higher.[14]

Public schools[edit]

Three public school corporations serve Greenwood residents: Greenwood Community School Corporation,[15] Clark Pleasant Community School Corporation,[16] and Center Grove Community School Corporation.[17]

Greenwood Community School Corporation[edit]

High School

Middle School

  • Greenwood Community Middle School

Elementary Schools

  • Southwest Elementary School
  • Northeast Elementary School
  • V.O. Isom Elementary School
  • Westwood Elementary School

Center Grove Community School Corporation[edit]

High School

Middle Schools

  • Center Grove Middle School Central
  • Center Grove Middle School North

Elementary Schools

  • Center Grove Elementary School
  • North Grove Elementary School
  • Pleasant Grove Elementary School
  • Sugar Grove Elementary School
  • Maple Grove Elementary School

Private schools[edit]

  • Our Lady of Greenwood - Preschool - 8th grade[18]
  • St. Francis and Clare Catholic School - Preschool - 8th grade[19]
  • Greenwood Christian Academy - K-12[20]
  • Suburban Christian School - Preschool - 12th grade[21]

City Parks[edit]

City Center Park[edit]

Located at 415 Lincoln Street, City Center Park sits on five acres just east of the City Center Building. The park contains the only splash pad in Greenwood. City Center Park also features handicap accessible playgrounds, a basketball court, and a shelter.[22]

Craig Park[edit]

Located at 10 East Smith Valley Road, Craig Park is the largest park in Old Town Greenwood. The park spans 27 acres and is located between Smith Valley Road and Main Street. Craig Park has two shelters and one gazebo. Major amenities include playgrounds, tennis courts, pathways, and three nature themed play pockets. Craig Park is home to WAMM Fest and Freedom Festival.[23]

Old City Park[edit]

Located at 304 South Meridian Street, Old City Park follows Pleasant Creek from Meridian Street to Madison Avenue. The park spans 5 acres. Major amenities include a playground, a football field, and a shelter.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  7. ^ "The Economic and Social Impact of the Electric Interurban Railways on Indianapolis: A Sketch for a Portrait" (PDF). www.indianahistory.org. 
  8. ^ Branigin, Elba L. (1913). History of Johnson County, Indiana. B. F. Bowen & Company. p. 531. 
  9. ^ "GREATER SOUTHEAST". http://www.polis.iupui.edu/. IUPUI. Retrieved 27 January 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  10. ^ Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ Hargreaves, Steve. "Where the middle class thrives". Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  14. ^ "High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2010-2014". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  15. ^ Administrator. "Home". gws.k12.in.us. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  16. ^ "Clark-Pleasant Community School Corporation". www.cpcsc.k12.in.us. Retrieved 2016-07-05. 
  17. ^ "Center Grove Community School Corporation / Overview". centergrove.k12.in.us. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  18. ^ "Our Lady of the Greenwood Catholic School". ol-g.org. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  19. ^ "Saints Francis: Home". ssfcschool.org. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  20. ^ "Greenwood Christian Academy". gcak12.org. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  21. ^ "Suburban Christian School". suburbanbaptist.org. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  22. ^ "Locations / City Center Park / Greenwood, IN". www.greenwood.in.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  23. ^ "Locations / Craig Park / Greenwood, IN". www.greenwood.in.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  24. ^ "Locations / Old City Park / Greenwood, IN". www.greenwood.in.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 

External links[edit]