Greenwood, South Carolina
|Greenwood, South Carolina|
Location of Greenwood, South Carolina
|• Total||13.7 sq mi (35.5 km2)|
|• Land||13.7 sq mi (35.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||663 ft (202 m)|
|• Density||1,612.1/sq mi (622.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1245844|
Greenwood is located at (34.1885, -82.1605).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.7 square miles (35 km2), of which 13.7 square miles (35 km2) is land and 0.07% is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census 2000, there were 22,071 people, 8,496 households, and 5,174 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,612.1 people per square mile (622.5/km²). There were 9,373 housing units at an average density of 684.6 per square mile (264.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.10% White, 45.51% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.41% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.52% of the population.
There were 8,496 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.5% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 15.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,284, and the median income for a family was $32,573. Males had a median income of $26,477 versus $21,476 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,347. About 22.2% of families and 40.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.4% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.
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Greenwood is governed via a mayor-council system. The mayor is elected at-large. The city council consists of six members who are each elected from one of six single-member district wards. The current mayor of Greenwood is Welborn Adams.
Festival of Flowers
Every year in June, Greenwood hosts the South Carolina "Festival of Flowers". The festival was originally started in 1968 as an outgrowth of Park Seed Corporation's annual Grower Days, and Park Seed remains a major sponsor of the festival. The Festival has also included jazz concerts, Cessna flights for children, world food, a showcase for classic cars, and even a dog show. There is also a medical symposium, hosted by Self Regional Healthcare during the festival. This event draws many gardening enthusiasts from around the nation. The calendar of events may be found at the Festival Homepage.
Festival of Discovery
The second weekend in July, the Uptown Greenwood Development Corporation hosts the South Carolina "Festival of Discovery." This is a weekend of food, fun, music, and much more as you experience and learn about the history, traditions, folklore, arts and crafts, music and dance, and vernacular of Greenwood and the South Carolina Upstate area. The festival includes a Kansas City Barbeque Society sanctioned and South Carolina State Championship cook-off featuring some the best BBQ teams in the country. In addition, the Festival honors the Greenwood cooking tradition of black kettle hash. Also celebrated during the weekend is the rich sound of and tradition of the blues. The Greenwood Blues Cruise features Blues music at seven different venues in the downtown area.
According to an article published by The New York Times in 2011, Greenwood County experienced the sharpest economic decline, according to poverty rates, of any county in the United States. One of the contributing factors to this decline was the deindustrialization of the textile mills that at one time supported the economy of Greenwood. Over time, a large majority of the textile mills were shut down which eliminated numerous jobs from the Greenwood community. Many of the middle-income citizens in Greenwood also experienced lay offs and cutbacks due to the recession; as a result, many of these middle-class individuals were forced to settle for jobs that they would not ordinarily take. This took jobs that would have been available to the poor, uneducated citizens.
Greenwood also houses several large industries, including:
- Ascend Performance Materials
- Park Seed Company Gardens
- Fujifilm (North American Headquarters)
- Milliken Textiles
- Eaton Corporation
- Velux-America (Skylight, Roof Window, and Sun Tunnel Sales Company)
- Pepsi Cola
Greenwood contains Self Regional Hospital, one of the largest in the area. Self is known for its high quality vascular surgery system, cancer center, heart center, and neurosurgery among many other things. They offer a Level III Emergency Care Center, that is open 24 hours per day. Self Regional Hospital Homepage.
Self Regional Healthcare also has an excellent family medicine residency program. The Greenwood Family Medicine Residency Program is located at the Montgomery Center for Family Medicine. The program has 30 residents and is considered one of the top family medicine residency programs in the United States. It is an unopposed residency that is also involved in extensive medical missions projects. Graduates of the program practice all over the country. In recent years, several graduates have gone on to do fellowships in obstetrics and sports medicine. The residency program physicians serve as team physicians for several local colleges and high schools. Greenwood Family Medicine Homepage.
Another notable medical establishment in Greenwood is the Greenwood Genetic Center , a nonprofit institute, organized to provide clinical genetic services and laboratory testing, to develop educational programs and materials, and to conduct research in the field of medical genetics.
Designed solely for the provision of specialized rehabilitative care, Greenwood Regional Rehabilitation Hospital is the only freestanding acute rehabilitation hospital in Greenwood. The facility’s unique design fosters a comfortable and responsive environment for patients. The hospital provides rehabilitative services for patients with functional deficits as a result of debilitating illnesses, or injuries. Through inpatient rehabilitation programs, patients recover quickly and return home with a renewed sense of self-sufficiency.
The city of Greenwood is home to the main branch of the Greenwood County Library .
The city of Greenwood is a part of Greenwood County School District 50 (District Homepage), and offers public schooling up to the secondary level, including career and technology education.
Greenwood District 50 consists of:
- Westview Middle School
- Brewer Middle School
- Northside Middle School
- Greenwood Early Childhood Center (formally East End Elementary)
- Hodges Elementary
- Lakeview Elementary
- Mathews Elementary
- Merrywood Elementary
- Oakland Elementary
- Pinecrest Elementary
- Springfield Elementary (named for the school of the same name on "The Simpsons")
- Woodfields Elementary
- Greenwood Christian School
- Eastside Christian School
- Palmetto Christian Academy
- Cambridge Academy
Points of interest
The Barratt House, J. Wesley Brooks House, Lander College Old Main Building, Magnolia Cemetery, Mt. Pisgah A.M.E. Church, Old Greenwood Cemetery, Old Greenwood High School, James C. Self House, Stony Point, Sunnyside, Tabernacle Cemetery, and the Vance-Maxwell House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- Greenwood Civic Center
- Lander University
- Piedmont Technical College
- Greenwood Community Theatre
- The Museum Greenwood
- The Veteran's Museum
- Gaines Adams, former defensive end for the NFL's Chicago Bears
- Pinky Babb, coached Greenwood High School for 39 years, is among the top 20 nationally in high school football victories
- Robert Brooks, former NFL wide receiver for the Green Bay Packers and Denver Broncos.
- Tomiko Brown-Nagin, legal historian and professor at Harvard Law School and Harvard University
- Ben Coates, starting tight end for the New England Patriots, ranked fourth in receptions at the tight end position in the NFL all time
- William Jennings Bryan Dorn, former U.S. and state representative
- John W. Drummond, South Carolina businessman and legislator
- Armanti Edwards, starting quarterback for the Appalachian State Mountaineers football team, and winner of the 2008 Walter Payton Award, given to the top Football Championship Subdivision offensive player; drafted by the Carolina Panthers with their 3rd round, 25th pick in the 2010 NFL Draft
- John Gilliam, former NFL wide receiver, four-time Pro Bowler
- Keith Harling, country music artist
- Grainger Hines, Greenwood native and actor, once married to Michelle Phillips of the Mamas and The Papas
- William "Hootie" Johnson, former chairman of the Augusta National golf course
- Gregg Marshall, head coach of Wichita State University's men's basketball program
- Benjamin Mays, minister, educator, scholar, social activist, mentor to Martin Luther King Jr, and president of Morehouse College
- John McKissick, national high school football leader in coaching victories, (Summerville, S.C., High School)
- Sam Montgomery, drafted by the Houston Texans in the third round of the 2013 NFL draft after several seasons with the LSU Tigers
- Josh Norman, drafted by Carolina Panthers in 2012 as a cornerback out of Coastal Carolina University
- Marrio Norman, football player
- George Singleton, author
- Jerome Singleton, Paralympic athlete
- Chino Smith, former Negro League player, named one of S.C.'s top 100 athletes by Sports Illustrated
- D.J. Swearinger, all SEC conference safety for the South Carolina Gamecocks, drafted by the Houston Texans
- The Swingin' Medallions, 1960s beach music group best known for their hit Double Shot (Of My Baby's Love)
- Bill Voiselle, professional baseball player
- Stephen Culp, MD PhD, visionary Urologic Oncologist
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- City of Greenwood: Government Retrieved 2010–09–08.
- City of Greenwood: Elected officials Retrieved 2010–09–08.
- "Leath Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
- Doob, Christopher (2013). Social Inequality and Social Stratification in US Society. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.. pp. 241. ISBN 978-0-205-79241-2.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.