Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery

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Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery
Phoenix-Greenwood Memory Lawn-1902.jpg
Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery
Details
Established 1906
Location 2300 West Van Buren Street, Phoenix, Arizona
Country U.S.
Coordinates 33°27′25″N 112°06′47″W / 33.457°N 112.113°W / 33.457; -112.113Coordinates: 33°27′25″N 112°06′47″W / 33.457°N 112.113°W / 33.457; -112.113
Owned by Dignity Memorial
Size 192 acres
Find a Grave Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery

Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery is the official name given to a cemetery located at 2300 West Van Buren Street in Phoenix, Arizona owned by Dignity Memorial. The cemetery, which resulted as a merger of two historical cemeteries, Greenwood Memorial Park and Memory Lawn Memorial Park, is the final resting place of various notable citizens of Arizona. Pioneers, governors, congressman, government officials, journalists, race car drivers, soldiers, actors and actresses are among the many notable citizens who are interred in the cemetery.

History[edit]

Greenwood Memorial Park[edit]

Original Greenwood Memorial Park 1906 crematorium.
Late 19th century horse-drawn hearse on display in Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery

Greenwood Memorial Park, the first of the two cemeteries which make up Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery, was established in 1906, by the Arizona Lodge No. 2 of the Free and Accepted Masons. The first early structures in the cemetery were a crematorium, a columbarium and a mausoleum.

The PFC Thomas C. Reed incident[edit]

According to the book "History and Memory in African American Culture"; by Genevieve Fabres and Robert O'Meally, the Greenwood Memorial Park cemetery had a racial policy and was involved in a controversy. In November 1951, the body of PFC Thomas C. Reed, a 19 year old African-American soldier who was killed in the Korean War, remained unburied in a mortuary owned by Lincoln Ragsdale because the cemetery officials requested letters of petition from 3 veterans' organizations accepting the body. This was a procedure the American Legion, the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the Disabled American Veterans organizations wanted to put an end to the discriminatory practices of the cemetery and therefore, did not provide the requested letters. Ragsdale worked with the Greater Phoenix Council for Civic Unity (GPCCU) to publicize the controversy in the media both locally and nationally, getting a fellow activist, Thomasena Grigsby, to publish an editorial in the Chicago Defender.[1][2] After a three-month standoff the Board of Trustees of the cemetery voted on January 8, 1952, to admit African-American veterans on the same terms as those of the "White" race. Reed was finally buried in the veterans' section of the cemetery.[3]

Memory Lawn Memorial Park[edit]

The Shumway family established another cemetery to the west of the Greenwood Memorial Park in 1947, named Memory Lawn Memorial Park. A fence separated the cemetery from the Greenwood Memorial Park. This cemetery added a mortuary, memory mausoleum and chapel in 1957.

In 1989, the cemeteries merged and became the Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery. The cemetery joined the Dignity Memorial network which provides funeral, cremation and cemetery services.

Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery with its 192 acres is the largest cemetery in Arizona.[4] The cemetery has 59 sections, including a front lawn section, a veterans garden and various other cultural and religious gardens.[5] The cemetery has a monument, which was organized in 1885 and erected in 1910, dedicated to the memory of the deceased members of the Phoenix Volunteer Fire Department.

Mausoleums[edit]

A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people. In Greenwood/Memory Lawn Mortuary & Cemetery there are three mausoleums, they are:[6]

  • Encanto Mausoleum - The Encanto Mausoleum is divided into The sections are called "Gardenia", "Palms", "Roses", "Evergreen", "Acacia", "Lillies", "Camellia", "Original Mausoleum" and 'Veranda".
  • Memory Mausoleum
  • Serenity Mausoleum - On the grounds of the Serenity Mausoleum there is a chapel, The Mausoleum is divided into three sections. The sections are called "Faith", "Hope" and "Peace"

Notable interments[edit]

John H. Kibbey (c. 1913)
William John Murphy (c.1905)
George Ulysses Young
Walter Winchell (1960)
Oscar Palmer Austin (1969)
Edith Luckett Davis and daughter Nancy (1931)
Dwight B. Heard
James Miller Creighton

Among the notable people interred in the cemetery are three Arizona Territory Governors, six Arizona State Governors, a Secretary of Arizona Territory, a U.S. Congressman, a Mayor of Phoenix, two recipients of the Medal of Honor, the founders of the cities of Glendale, Arizona and Chandler, race-car drivers, including the winner of the 1958 Indianapolis 500, journalists and the mother and step-father of a former First Lady.

Politicians
  • Frederick A. Tritle - Tritle served as the 6th Governor of the Arizona Territory from 1882-1885.[7]
  • Joseph Henry Kibbey - Kibbey served as Associate Justice of the Arizona Territorial Supreme Court from 1889 to 1893 and as the 16th Governor of the Arizona Territory from 1905 to 1909. As governor, Kibbey was a leader in the effort to prevent Arizona and New Mexico territories from being combined into a single U.S. state.[8]
  • Richard Elihu Sloan - Sloan was the 17th and last Governor of the Arizona Territory. He served from 1909 to 1912.[9][10]
  • John Calhoun Phillips - Phillips was the 3rd Governor of the State of Arizona (1929-1931).[11]
  • Rawghlie Clement Stanford - Stanford was the 5th Governor of the State of Arizona (1937-1939).[12]
  • Robert Taylor Jones - Jones served as the 6th Governor of Arizona from 1939 to 1941.[13]
  • Sidney Preston Osborn - Osborn was the first Secretary of State of Arizona, and later the 7th Governor of Arizona and is, as of 2015, the only Governor of Arizona to be elected to four consecutive terms (Governors of Arizona served biennial terms with no limits up until 1968, when it was changed to serve quadrennial terms, and changed again in 1992 to a limit of two terms at a time). Osborn is also the second native-born Governor of Arizona.[14]
  • Ernest William McFarland - McFarland served as U.S. Senator (1941 - 1953), the 10th Governor of Arizona (1955-1959) and Arizona Supreme Court Justice (1968).[15]
  • Paul Jones Fannin - Fannin served as U.S. Senator from 1965 to 1977 and as the 11th Governor of Arizona from 1959 to 1965.[16]
  • George Ulysses Young - Young served as Secretary of Arizona Territory (1909-1912) and as the 28th Mayor of Phoenix 1914-1916). As a businessman he invested in railroads and then transitioned his business interests to mining.[17]
  • Robert “Bob” Lee Stump - Stump was a U.S. Congressman who served for the Democratic Party and later switched to the Republican Party.[18]
  • Vernettie O. Ivy - For six years a member of the Arizona House of Representatives and a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in New York City in 1924. Her daughter Elizabeth McCreight Hutchison is buried with her.
  • Wing Foon Ong - Ong, born in Guangdong, China, was the first Chinese-American in the United States to be elected to a state House (twice) and later to the state Senate.[19]
  • Jack Walters - In 1872, Walters became the first District Attorney in Maricopa County, Arizona.[20]
  • Lorna Elizabeth Lockwood - Lockwood served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1965 to 1966 and again from 1970 to 1971. She was the first woman to become Chief Justice of a state supreme court.[21]
  • John Taylor Dunlap - Dr. Dunlap served as Mayor of Phoenix from December 9, 1904 to May 4, 1905. Dunlap Avenue in Phoeix is named after him.[22]
  • John Nicholas Udall - Udall (a.k.a. Nick Udall) served as the Mayor of Phoenix from 1948 to 1952.[23]
  • Madge E. Copeland - Copeland opened the first beauty parlor for African-American women in Phoenix and went on to become the first African-American appointed as Deputy Maricopa County Recorder in 1947, which at the time was the highest political office any African American had held in Arizona. She served as Deputy County Recorder until she retired in 1961. She was active in the fight for segregation in Arizona and an important leader in the Democratic Party.[24]
Pioneers
  • Clinton Campbell - Campbell was a "local prominent builder" who worked in Phoenix. Several of his works have survived and are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.[25]
  • Alexander John Chandler - Dr. Chandler was the first veterinary surgeon in Arizona Territory. He was also the founder of the City of Chandler.[26]
  • Burguess Almon Hadsell - Hadsell and William J. Murphy, promoted the temperance colony of Glendale, Arizona in the western Salt River Valley.[27]
  • George Henry Nicholas Luhrs, Sr - Luhrs SR., was pioneer Phoenix hotel man, builder and capitalist, died at his apartment in the Luhrs Hotel.
  • John Britt Montgomery - Montgomery was an early Phoenix pioneer who owned 280 acres of farmland. He subdivided his holdings and sold it to new Settlers, creating a Phoenix neighborhood known as the Montgomery addition. In 1890, Montgomery ran for sheriff and won the election with 60% of the vote.[28]
  • William John Murphy - Murphy was the founder of the City of Glendale, Arizona and the town of Peoria, Arizona.[29]
  • Dr. James Collier Norton - Dr. Norton and his wife Clara Tufts moved to Phoenix from Iowa and served as territorial veterinarian.[30]
  • William R. Norton - Norton founded the Sunnyslope subdivision of Phoenix and designed the Carnegie Library, the city's first library, and the Gila County Courthouse in Globe, Az.[31]
  • Floyd Holmes Sine - Sine was a pioneer in Glendale, Arizona who in 1910, expanded the water system by adding a storage tank and supply lines and sold the water back to the city in 1915. He built the Sine Building in 1912.[32]
Civil Rights
  • Eleanor Ragsdale - Eleanor was married to Lincoln Ragsdale. She became a leading figure in Phoenix’s Civil Rights Movement from the 1940s to the 1960s. By challenging segregation and working through civil rights organizations, she exerted a direct impact on social relations in the Phoenix area, and helped to integrate the city and state.[33]
  • Lincoln Johnson Ragsdale, Sr. - Dr. Ragsdale was a former Tuskegee Airman who became a Civil Rights leader in Phoenix.[34]
Trailblazers
  • Jean Maddock Clark - Clark was a leader, teacher and mentor to hundreds of Arizona girl scouts and students. She started Girl Scout troops in many of the communities in which she taught school. In 1930, Jean was the first Arizona woman to be awarded the Golden Eagle, the highest award from the Girl Scouts of America. She was the first trained Camp Director for Arizona’s Girl Scout Council and served in that capacity for 19 years. From 1937 through 1977, Jean served as a troop leader in Phoenix.[35]
  • James Miller Creighton - Creighton was an architect who practiced in Phoenix from the 1880s to the 1920s. He is considered to be one of Arizona's first architects.[36]
  • Ayra E. Hackett - She was the wife of Winston C. Hackett, the first African-American physician in Phoenix. In 1919, she founded the Arizona Gleam, the first African-American newspaper in Phoenix, making her the first African-American woman to own a newspaper in Phoenix.[37]
  • Dr. Winston C. Hackett - Hackett was the first African-American physician in Arizona. He founded the Booker T. Washington Memorial Hospital, the first African-American hospital in Phoenix.[38]
  • Dwight Bancroft Heard - Heard was one of the largest landowners in the Salt lake Valley in Arizona. He was also the president of the Arizona Cotton Growers' Association. He owned the Arizona Republican, a newspaper renamed the Arizona Republic. Heard, together with his wife Maie, founded the Heard Museum.[39]
  • Maie Bartlett Heard - Bartlett Heard was an Arizona-based collector and philanthropist who was the co-founder of the Heard Museum of Native American art.[40]
  • John Cromwell Lincoln - Lincoln was an inventor and businessman who established the Lincoln Electric and the Bagdad Mine in Arizona. He donated money for the construction of a hospital in the Sunnyslope section of Phoenix. The hospital was named the John C. Lincoln Hospital in his honor. In 1998, he was posthumously inducted into the American Mining Hall of Fame.[41]
  • Dea Hong Toy - Toy was born in China and moved to Phoenix in 1923. He was a successful merchant. Toy was among those in the Asian community of Phoenix who in 1938 founded the Chinese Chamber of Commerce to protect and promote their businesses.[42]
  • Dr. Lowell Cheatham Wormley - Wormley was born in Washington, D.C., and studied medicine at Howard University Medical School. When he arrived in Arizona in the mid-1940s, he was one of only three African-American doctors in Phoenix. He was on the staff of both St. Joseph's and Good Samaritan hospitals. He opened his own practice in 1946 in the Midtown Medical Building, 1 N. 12th St., and practiced there until the early 1980s. His house is known as the Dr. Lowell Wormley House and is listed in the Phoenix Historic Property Register.[43]
Military
  • Oscar Palmer Austin - Austin was a United States Marine who in 1969, was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Vietnam War.[44]
  • Thomas Carl Reed- Reed was a 19 year old African-American who was killed during the Korean War, and who was denied a proper burial in the Greenwood Cemetery because of the color of his skin. This incident led to the protest of groups involved in the Civil Rights movement which culminated in a change of the burial policy of the cemetery.[45]
  • Philip Edward Tovrea Jr. Tovrea was a U.S. Army Air Forces World War II ACE who was awarded the Silver Star Medal for gallantry and the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as a P-38 Fighter Pilot of the 27th Fighter Squadron. He is credited with shooting down 8 enemy aircraft in aerial combat.
  • Andrew J. Weaher - Weaher (a.k.a. Weaber) was an American soldier in the U.S. Army who was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1868, after engaging the Native-American tribe, the Apaches in the Black Mountains of Arizona.[46]
Other notable citizens
  • Winstona Hackett Aldridge - Winstona was the daughter of Dr. Winston Hackett one of the first African-American doctor in Phoenix. She was a founding member of the Phoenix Chapter of The Links Inc., and a Diamond Soror with 75 years of service in the Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority. The house where she and her husband Aubrey Aldridge lived is known as the "Winstona Aldridge House". It was designated as a landmark with Historic Preservation-Landmark (HP-L) overlay zoning. It is listed in the Phoenix Historic Property Register.[47]
  • Don Bolles - Bolles (birth name: Donald Fifield Bolles) was an American investigative reporter whose murder in a car bombing has been linked to the Mafia.[48]
  • Jimmy Bryan - Bryan was a race-car driver who won the 1958 Indianapolis 500.[49]
  • Loyal and Edith Davis - Loyal was a prominent neurosurgeon. Edith Luckett Davis, a former actress and wife of Loyal, was the mother of the former First Lady Nancy Reagan.[50]
  • Harold "Habe" F. Haberling - Haberling was a competitor in the NASCAR Sportsman Modified Series who died in 1961, in an accident while practicing for the 250 mile race in Daytona.[51]
  • Lee Jew - Jew was a Chinese merchant who owned the Lee Jew Market located at 1501 East Washington Street. He was a leader in the Chinese community of Phoenix.
  • Oliver Calvin Thompson - Thompson was a civil engineer whose house is house is perhaps the best located and most often seen example of turn-of-the-century brick Colonial Revival housing.[52]
  • Edward Ambrosio Tovrea - Known the "Cattle Baron," in 1919, opened his Phoenix packing house west of 48th Street and Van Buren to support his growing beef operations. The Tovrea Land and Cattle Co. had grown to nearly 40,000 head of cattle secured by 200 acres of cattle pens, making it the world's largest feedlot.[53]
  • Walter Winchell - Winchell was a newspaper columnist who is credited with inventing the gossip column.[54]

Graves[edit]

Associated historic properties[edit]

The following historic properties are associated with the notable people interred in the cemetery.

  • Winstona Hackett Aldridge - Her house was designated as a landmark with Historic Preservation-Landmark (HP-L) overlay zoning. The house is listed on the Phoenix Historic Property Register.
  • Clinton Campbell - The Campbell house was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on January 12, 1995, reference #94001526. It was demolished in 2017.
  • Dr. Winston C. Hackett - Dr. Winston C. Hackett had six cottages built in the 1930s for his patients who were suffering from tuberculosis.
  • Burgess Almond Hadsell - His house was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on January 12, 1995, reference #94001531.
  • Dwight Bancroft Heard and his wife Maie Bartlett Heard - The Heard Building which housed the "Arizona Republic" was Phoenix's first skyscraper. The building, which was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on September 4, 1985, reference: #85002059, was featured in Alfred Hitchcocks 1960 film "Psycho". Heard, together with his wife Maie, founded the Heard Museum in 1929. The museum was listed in the Phoenix Historic Property Register in August 1992.
  • Lee Jew - The Lee Jew Market building was built in 1931 and is located at 1501 East Washington Street. The building is listed as historical by the City of Phoenix Asian American Historic Property Survey.
  • O.C. Thompson - The Thompson House was built in 1897 and is located at 850 N. 2nd Ave.. The building was converted to apartments long after O.C. Thompson and family moved out and now houses several office spaces. Designated as a landmark with Historic Preservation-Landmark (HP-L) overlay zoning..The house is listed as historic by the Phoenix Historic Property Register.
  • William J. Murphy - Murphy's house is listed as historic by the Phoenix Historic Property Register.
  • Dr. James Collier Norton House - Dr. Norton's house is listed as historic by the Phoenix Historic Property Register.
  • William R. Norton House - The house is in a deteriorating condition. The house is listed as historic by the Phoenix Historic Property Register.
  • George Henry Nicholas Luhrs, Sr. - The Luhrs Hotel a.k.a. "The Luhrs Building" is a historic ten-story building built in 1924. It is located at 11 West Jefferson in downtown Phoenix, Arizona. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places
  • Wing F. Ong - Ong's grocery store is listed in the Phoenix Historic Property Register.
  • Lincoln Johnson Ragsdale, Sr. - Ragsdale's house is recognized as historic by the City of Phoenix African-American Historic Property Survey.
  • Dea Hong Toy - Toy's house is recognized as historic by the Asian American Historic Property Survey.
  • Edward A. Tovrea - His Tovrea Land and Cattle Co. Administration Buildingy was listed in the Phoenix Historic Property Register in March 2004. The house where he and his wife Della lived "The Tovrea Castle" is listed on the National Register of Historic Places on Oct. 1, 1996.
  • Dr. Lowell Wormley - Wormley's house was listed in the Phoenix Historic Property Register in June 2005.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Finn 1998, pp. 26–27
  2. ^ Luckingham 1994, p. 164
  3. ^ "Histor and Meory in African-American Culture"; by: Genevieve Fabres and Robert O'Meally; ISBN 019583970.
  4. ^ History
  5. ^ Dignity Memorial Archived 2013-10-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed."; by: Scott Wilson (Author), Foreword by Gregory William Mank (Author); Publisher: McFarland; 3 Revised edition (August 22, 2016); ISBN 978-0786479924
  7. ^ Goff 1978, p. 84.
  8. ^ Goff 1975, p. 121.
  9. ^ Goff 1975, p. 124.
  10. ^ McMullin & Walker 1984, p. 53.
  11. ^ *Goff, John F. Arizona Biographical Dictionary. Black Mountain Press. Cave Creek, Arizona 1983. p. 263
  12. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=515177
  13. ^ "Arizona Governor Robert Taylor Jones". Former Governors' Bios. National Governors Association. May 3, 2002.
  14. ^ "Arizona Governor Sidney Preston Osborn". Former Governors' Bios. National Governors Association. May 3, 2002.
  15. ^ Biography from the Senate
  16. ^ Sobel, Robert; Raimo, John (1978). Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978. I. Westport, CT: Meckler Books.
  17. ^ McClintock 1916, p. 192.
  18. ^ Silverman, Amy (1993-10-13), "The Stealth Congressman", Phoenix New Times, Phoenix New Times
  19. ^ Phoenix New Times: THE ONG DYNASTYGROWING UP CHINESE-AMERICAN
  20. ^ CHAPTER IV. SETTLEMENT OF THE SALT RIVER VALLEY. Page 83
  21. ^ Arizona Women's Hall of Fame
  22. ^ “The History of the Street Names in Phoenix, Arizona”; By: Brad Hall
  23. ^ Arizona Republic
  24. ^ Women Heritage Trail Madge Copeland
  25. ^ "Appendix A: Descriptions of Important Historic Sites" (PDF)., part of Jonathan Mabry, ed. (April 2005). "Feasibility Study for the Santa Cruz Valley National Heritage Area" (PDF). Center for Desert Archaeology.
  26. ^ History of Chandler
  27. ^ "Arizona Republic"; page 107
  28. ^ Arizona History
  29. ^ Arizona Archives Online
  30. ^ Dr. James C. Norton and the Del Norte Place Historical District
  31. ^ "Sunnyslope"; by: Reba Wells Grandrud; Page 14; Publisher: Arcadia Publishing; ISBN 978-0738599571
  32. ^ Glendale Star
  33. ^ Women Heritage Trail Eleanor Ragsdale
  34. ^ Black Past
  35. ^ Arizona’s Women Hall of Fame
  36. ^ Guide to MS 10, James M. Creighton Collection, Photos and Documents. 2009. Web.
  37. ^ Women Heritage
  38. ^ Color Blind Care
  39. ^ Heard Museum Archived 2008-05-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  40. ^ Bradford Luckingham (1 August 1995). Phoenix: The History of a Southwestern Metropolis. University of Arizona Press. pp. 90–2. ISBN 978-0-8165-1116-7.
  41. ^ Mining Foundation
  42. ^ Asian American Historic Property Survey
  43. ^ African American Historic Property Survey – City of Phoenix
  44. ^ Smith, Charles (1988). U.S. Marines in Vietnam: High Mobility and Standdown 1969. History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. p. 359. ISBN 978-1494287627.
  45. ^ | African American Historic Property Survey.
  46. ^ Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs. Medal of Honor recipients, 1863-1973, 93rd Cong., 1st sess. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1973. (pg. 329)
  47. ^ AZ Central
  48. ^ "Don Bolles' tragic death". Michigan Daily. 1976-06-16.
  49. ^ 1957 Race of Two Worlds Monza on YouTube
  50. ^ New York Times
  51. ^ Kahn, Bernard (February 22, 1961). "Racing Driver Dies in Practice Run". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Daytona Beach, FL. p. 1.
  52. ^ OC Thompson House
  53. ^ Tovrea Castle
  54. ^ Obituary Variety, February 23, 1972, page 71.

External links[edit]