Greenwood Cemetery (Hillsdale, Missouri)
Entrance to Greenwood Cemetery
|Location||6571 St. Louis Ave., Hillsdale, Missouri|
|NRHP Reference #||04000090|
|Added to NRHP||February 24, 2004|
Greenwood Cemetery is a historic cemetery in Hillsdale, Missouri.
Greenwood Cemetery was the first non-denominational commercial cemetery for African-Americans in the St. Louis area. Established in 1874 by Herman Krueger, Greenwood has approximately 6,000 marked graves but is thought to contain up to 50,000 burials. In 1890 the cemetery was sold to Krueger’s son-in-law, Adolph Foelsch; the Foelsch family owned and operated the cemetery, including manufacturing concrete tombstones, until 1981. Those buried at Greenwood include former slaves, war veterans, members of fraternal organizations, artists, laborers and middle class African-Americans, as well as a number of famous and prominent African-Americans from St. Louis, including Dred Scott’s wife Harriet Robinson Scott, folk hero Lee Shelton (“Stagger” Lee), musician Walter Davis and civil rights leader Charlton Tandy. Many of the people buried at Greenwood were originally from southern states and had participated in the Great Migration north. Funerals were numerous in Greenwood in the mid-twentieth century, but with desegregation, the cemetery saw a decline in use. In the 1980s it began to go derelict. It permanently closed in the 1990s and continued to stand abandoned for most of a decade. In 1999, the nonprofit group Friends of Greenwood Cemetery, Inc. was formed for the purpose of restoring and preserving the site as a historic park. Eventually the group gained ownership of the cemetery.
Greenwood was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004
- Walter Davis (1910–1963), Blues musician
- Grant Green (1935–1979), jazz musician
- Harriet Scott (1815–1876), wife of Dred Scott
- Lee Shelton (1865–1912), American folk figure
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Missouri Digital Heritage - Greenwood Cemetery Funerary Art http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/mdh_splash/default.asp?coll=gwcmtry
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