Greenwood County, Kansas

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Greenwood County, Kansas
County
Eureka Santa Fe Depot.jpg
Map of Kansas highlighting Greenwood County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Alfred B. Greenwood
Seat Eureka
Largest city Eureka
Area
 • Total 1,153 sq mi (2,986 km2)
 • Land 1,143 sq mi (2,960 km2)
 • Water 9.3 sq mi (24 km2), 0.8%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 6,151
 • Density 5.9/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website GreenwoodCounty.org

Greenwood County (county code GW) is a county located in the southeast portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,689.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Eureka.[2]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Greenwood County was established, and named for Alfred B. Greenwood,[3] a U.S. Congressman from Arkansas.

The first railroad in Greenwood County was built through that territory in 1879.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,153 square miles (2,990 km2), of which 1,143 square miles (2,960 km2) is land and 9.3 square miles (24 km2) (0.8%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-largest county in Kansas by area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 769
1870 3,484 353.1%
1880 10,548 202.8%
1890 16,309 54.6%
1900 16,196 −0.7%
1910 16,060 −0.8%
1920 14,715 −8.4%
1930 19,235 30.7%
1940 16,495 −14.2%
1950 13,574 −17.7%
1960 11,253 −17.1%
1970 9,141 −18.8%
1980 8,764 −4.1%
1990 7,847 −10.5%
2000 7,673 −2.2%
2010 6,689 −12.8%
Est. 2016 6,151 [6] −8.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2016[1]

As of the 2000 census,[11] there were 7,673 people, 3,234 households, and 2,153 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 4,273 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.53% White, 0.83% Native American, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.10% Asian, 0.81% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population.

There were 3,234 households out of which 27.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 30.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 22.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,169, and the median income for a family was $38,140. Males had a median income of $27,021 versus $19,356 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,976. About 8.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 76.1% 2,160 17.1% 485 6.9% 195
2012 74.9% 1,590 22.5% 478 2.6% 55
2008 71.0% 1,619 27.3% 622 1.7% 38
2004 70.4% 2,282 28.1% 911 1.6% 51
2000 67.2% 2,392 28.8% 1,027 4.0% 142
1996 53.2% 1,932 30.5% 1,108 16.4% 595
1992 36.6% 1,411 32.8% 1,262 30.6% 1,180
1988 59.7% 2,217 38.2% 1,421 2.1% 78
1984 70.5% 2,901 28.5% 1,173 1.1% 44
1980 64.6% 2,685 29.9% 1,241 5.5% 229
1976 56.0% 2,319 41.9% 1,737 2.1% 88
1972 74.5% 3,157 22.4% 951 3.1% 130
1968 66.0% 2,937 25.2% 1,122 8.8% 392
1964 56.6% 2,717 42.7% 2,048 0.8% 36
1960 67.5% 3,758 32.4% 1,804 0.2% 9
1956 70.0% 4,164 29.6% 1,763 0.4% 21
1952 73.7% 4,974 25.8% 1,743 0.5% 32
1948 57.3% 3,553 41.5% 2,574 1.2% 73
1944 64.0% 3,959 35.4% 2,187 0.7% 41
1940 60.3% 4,893 39.0% 3,160 0.7% 56
1936 49.7% 4,146 50.0% 4,176 0.3% 23
1932 46.4% 3,592 51.7% 4,002 2.0% 153
1928 78.5% 5,863 20.8% 1,554 0.7% 49
1924 64.0% 4,181 27.5% 1,794 8.5% 556
1920 68.3% 3,422 29.5% 1,478 2.1% 107
1916 48.3% 2,971 48.0% 2,956 3.7% 227
1912 25.8% 954 36.1% 1,334 38.1% 1,406[a]
1908 59.2% 2,370 38.6% 1,545 2.3% 91
1904 63.7% 2,458 31.4% 1,211 4.9% 190
1900 53.3% 2,204 46.3% 1,917 0.4% 16
1896 46.8% 1,835 52.6% 2,064 0.6% 23
1892 49.0% 1,734 51.0% 1,804
1888 56.9% 2,242 28.2% 1,110 14.9% 589

Greenwood County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[13]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Greenwood County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Greenwood County is divided into fifteen townships. The city of Eureka is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Bachelor 03625 230 1 (4) 155 (60) 1 (0) 0.70% 37°49′57″N 96°12′21″W / 37.83250°N 96.20583°W / 37.83250; -96.20583
Eureka 21825 451 3 (8) 149 (58) 2 (1) 1.50% 37°50′41″N 96°17′49″W / 37.84472°N 96.29694°W / 37.84472; -96.29694
Fall River 22800 229 1 (4) 154 (60) 2 (1) 1.13% 37°42′36″N 96°12′4″W / 37.71000°N 96.20111°W / 37.71000; -96.20111
Janesville 35000 548 1 (4) 371 (143) 2 (1) 0.62% 37°59′4″N 96°11′29″W / 37.98444°N 96.19139°W / 37.98444; -96.19139
Lane 38425 167 1 (3) 138 (53) 1 (0) 0.52% 37°58′36″N 96°0′59″W / 37.97667°N 96.01639°W / 37.97667; -96.01639
Madison 44075 1,155 4 (9) 320 (124) 3 (1) 0.85% 38°7′32″N 96°12′11″W / 38.12556°N 96.20306°W / 38.12556; -96.20306
Otter Creek 53650 211 1 (2) 290 (112) 2 (1) 0.55% 37°40′20″N 96°24′0″W / 37.67222°N 96.40000°W / 37.67222; -96.40000
Pleasant Grove 56375 52 0 (1) 150 (58) 2 (1) 1.57% 37°47′21″N 96°1′41″W / 37.78917°N 96.02806°W / 37.78917; -96.02806
Quincy 58175 163 1 (3) 155 (60) 1 (0) 0.38% 37°51′8″N 96°2′59″W / 37.85222°N 96.04972°W / 37.85222; -96.04972
Salem 62650 35 0 (0) 233 (90) 2 (1) 0.89% 38°1′45″N 96°24′29″W / 38.02917°N 96.40806°W / 38.02917; -96.40806
Salt Springs 62875 463 3 (7) 182 (70) 10 (4) 5.16% 37°38′55″N 96°3′59″W / 37.64861°N 96.06639°W / 37.64861; -96.06639
Shell Rock 64600 173 1 (3) 136 (53) 1 (0) 0.87% 38°5′53″N 96°1′18″W / 38.09806°N 96.02167°W / 38.09806; -96.02167
South Salem 66925 127 1 (1) 224 (87) 3 (1) 1.13% 37°52′42″N 96°27′4″W / 37.87833°N 96.45111°W / 37.87833; -96.45111
Spring Creek 67425 154 1 (3) 139 (54) 1 (1) 0.93% 37°47′49″N 96°26′50″W / 37.79694°N 96.44722°W / 37.79694; -96.44722
Twin Grove 71825 601 4 (11) 148 (57) 1 (0) 0.57% 37°38′7″N 96°14′3″W / 37.63528°N 96.23417°W / 37.63528; -96.23417
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. 

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Greenwood County
Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 144. 
  4. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 795. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This total comprises 1,125 votes (30.45%) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt and 281 votes (7.6%) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 37°52′N 96°16′W / 37.867°N 96.267°W / 37.867; -96.267