Greg Gianforte

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Greg Gianforte
Greg Gianforte 115th congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Montana's at-large district
Assumed office
June 21, 2017
Preceded byRyan Zinke
Personal details
BornGregory Richard Gianforte
(1961-04-17) April 17, 1961 (age 57)
San Diego, California, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Susan Gianforte (m. 1989)
Children4
ResidenceBozeman, Montana
EducationStevens Institute of
Technology
(BEng, MS)
Net worthIncreaseUS$315 million (2017)[1][2]
Signature
WebsiteHouse website

Gregory Richard Gianforte (born in San Diego, April 17, 1961) is a multimillionaire[3] "serial entrepreneur,"[4] engineer, author, and politician serving as Montana's sole, U.S. Representative for its statewide, at-large congressional district. Gianforte and his wife founded RightNow Technologies, a customer relationship management software company which went public in 2004, before being acquired by Oracle in 2011.[5] He was ranked in 2018 as the second wealthiest member of Congress.[6]

In 2016, Gianforte ran for Governor of Montana as the Republican candidate, losing to Democratic incumbent Governor Steve Bullock. In May, 2017, Gianforte defeated his Democratic opponent Rob Quist in a special election for Montana's at-large congressional seat to fill a vacancy created by a presidential cabinet secretary appointment. Montana voters sent Gianforte back to Washington in 2018 after he fended off a challenge from Kathleen Williams, the Democratic candidate.

Gianforte was convicted of assault in state court in June, 2017 stemming from his election eve attack on The Guardian political reporter Ben Jacobs in May, 2017.[7] Though he avoided incarceration, he was fined and sentenced to community service and anger management therapy.[8][9][10] As a stipulation of his settlement with Jacobs, Gianforte donated $50,000 to the Committee to Protect Journalists, which said it would use the funds to support the U.S. Press Freedom Tracker.[11]

Early life, family, and entrepreneurship[edit]

Gregory Richard Gianforte was born on April 17th, 1961, in San Diego, California. He is the oldest son of Frank Richard Gianforte (1937-2015), who was born in Newark, New Jersey, and made a career as an aerospace engineer and, later, a landlord.[12][13][14][15] His mother, Dale (née: Douglass) Gianforte (1937-2008), was born in Pittstown, New Jersey, worked for General Dynamics in San Diego, and later, was a school math teacher.[16] Gianforte is of Italian, English, and Scottish ancestry.[17][18][19]. Gianforte has two younger brothers, Douglass, and Michael.[20] After the age of three, Gianforte was raised in the Valley Forge and King of Prussia suburbs northeast of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania including Wayne, an affluent unincorporated township community which extends into Montgomery County, Chester County, and Delaware County, Pennsylvania.[21]

Gianforte graduated in 1979 from Upper Merion Area High School in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania where he was elected Class President during his junior and senior years.[22] Gianforte played left offensive guard on the school football team.[23] [24][25] Gianforte graduated in 1983 from his father's alma mater, Stevens Institute of Technology, a private research university in Hoboken, New Jersey, with B.E. in electrical engineering and an MSc in computer science.[26]

Family and Personal life[edit]

Giantforte was raised Presbyterian.[27] He now attends Grace Bible Church, a nondenominational church in Bozeman with his wife, Susan whom he married in 1988.[28][29][30][31] Gianforte and his wife have resided in Bozeman since moving from New Jersey in 1995. They have four children, Richard, David, Adam, and Rachel. Gianforte has enjoyed hunting on Montana’s public lands.[32] In a 2016 interview, he described entertaining investment bankers from Scotland and New York at his Montana home, in connection with his company’s public stock offering, where he served them a dinner of mountain lion teriyaki, antelope chops wrapped in bacon, and elk tenderloin.[33]. In the same interview, he also discussed issues of land use public policy, and natural resource management in the public interest.

Software entrepreneurship[edit]

Gianforte speaking in 2006

Gianforte began his career in 1983 at Bell Laboratories, working in product acquisition.[34][35] Frustrated by the bureaucratic corporate hierarchy at Bell Labs, Gianforte departed to co-found Brightwork Development Inc., a developer of server-based LAN management software for the banking industry, which was based in Tinton Falls, NJ.[36][37][38] He and his partners sold the company to McAfee Associates for $10 million in 1994.[39] He then moved to Bozeman, Montana.[25] Gianforte founded RightNow Technologies in 1997. The company went public in 2004 and was sold to Oracle Corporation for $1.5 billion in 2011.[40] Before the sale, RightNow Technologies employed about 500 people at its headquarters in Bozeman, Montana, and over 1000 people in total.[41]

Philanthropy and civic life[edit]

In 2004, Gianforte and his wife founded the Gianforte Family Foundation, which has promoted his creationist beliefs in the public sphere, and has made tens of millions of in charitable contributions.[42][43][44] The foundation describes its primary mission as supporting "the work of faith-based organizations engaged in outreach work, strengthening families, and helping the needy; organizations in Montana that work to improve education, support entrepreneurship, and create jobs; and organizations that enhance the local community of Bozeman, Montana."[45] He, his wife, Susan, and his son, Richard are the foundation's three trustees.[45] The foundation had assets of $113 million in 2013.[44] The Gianforte Family Foundation has given nearly $900,000 to the Montana Family Foundation, in some years making up half of the total donations to the Montana Family Foundation. The Montana Family Foundation has promoted conservative and Christian values in the Montana legislature. Asked why he donated to the group, Gianforte said it was because the organization aligns with his views.[46]

Gianforte believes in Young Earth creationism[47] and has expressed support for the pseudoscientific view despite overwhelming scientific evidence to the contrary.[48] He has donated at least $290K in cash to the Glendive Dinosaur and Fossil Museum, a Montana creationist museum which teaches visitors that evolution is false, the Earth is about 6,000-6,400 years old, that humans and dinosaurs coexisted during the same period of history. [49] The museum claims dinosaurs were aboard the Ark and that they likely died out 4,300 years ago during the flood described in the Book of Genesis, and which is regarded as wholly deceptive and fictional, with noted palaeontologist Jack Horner calling it "not a museum at all".[50][51][52][53] The Gianforte Family Foundation also donated a Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton replica to the museum.[54]

Through his nonprofit, the Gianforte Family Charitable Trust, Gianforte has contributed substantial funding to several conservative organizations.[55][56] Some have lead legal efforts to dismantle federal campaign finance regulations.[57] Gianforte has donated to the Family Research Council and Focus on the Family, which advocate for a constitutional amendment prohibiting same-sex marriage, as well as the Montana Family Foundation, which is "the state's primary advocate against LGBT policies".[58]

Financial interests[edit]

Gianforte has had a variety of business interests and investments. In November 2013, he was appointed to the board of FICO, which profiles consumer credit risks for lenders.[59] The same month, Gianforte acquired 8,000 shares of FICO, which were then valued at more than $464,000.00[60] Gianforte is a partner in MGRR No. 1, a limited liability company that has received grain subsidies since 1995.[61] Gianforte was the founding Board Chair of the Montana High Tech Business Alliance. He resigned as Board Chair in June 2017 when he was sworn into office as Congressman representing the State of Montana.[62]

In financial disclosure forms filed in 2017, Gianforte indicated that he owned $150,000 worth of shares in VanEck Vectors Russia ETF and $92,400 in the IShares MSCF Russia ETF, totalling just under $250,000 in two exchange-traded funds focused on investments in Russia.[63] The investments attracted attention because they included shares in Gazprom and Rosneft, which are subject to U.S. sanctions imposed after the Russian invasion of Crimea; however, because the per-person ownership stake in these companies is so small in such index funds, they are exempt from sanctions.[63] After the issue was raised in Gianforte's 2017 congressional campaign, Gianforte stated that his Russia holdings were a small portion of his overall investments and pledged to place all of his assets in a blind trust if elected.[63][64]

Through a holding corporation, Gianforte owns a 12 seat, single engine private jet which he has used as a strategic asset on the campaign trail.[65][66] Gianforte has made the aircraft available to others in his congressional caucus to travel back to congress for important votes.[67]

2016 Montana gubernatorial campaign[edit]

Gianforte/Robinson campaign sign outside the Hill County Republican Party headquarters in Havre

On January 20, 2016, Gianforte announced his candidacy for the Republican Party's nomination for governor of Montana in the 2016 election.[68] He had a political practices complaint filed alleging he started campaigning before registering.[69][70] The complaint was dismissed.[71]

In a campaign speech that year, Gianforte stated that he had been involved in discussions with Facebook about bringing a new call center to Montana, but that Facebook had declined because of that state's business equipment tax.[72] A Facebook spokesman disputed Gianforte's claims, saying that no discussions with Gianforte took place and that the tax was not the reason the company decided not to locate a call center in Montana. Gianforte stood by his statement saying that he had spoken with a Facebook executive the previous fall.[73]

During his gubernatorial campaign, Gianforte pledged not to accept special interest PAC money into his campaign coffers and ran television ads criticizing his opponent for doing so.[74]

Management of public lands was a point of contention in Gianforte's 2016 campaign for governor.[75]. In 2009, Gianforte's LLC filed a lawsuit against the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks about the boundaries of an easement for public access to the East Gallatin River adjacent to his property.[76] Gianforte's suit against the state became an issue in the 2016 campaign with Gianforte's critics characterizing it as a wealthy out-of-stater's effort to block public access to a popular stream.[75][76][77] Gianforte consistently denied the allegations and called the issue a misunderstanding, noting the suit was never served, though the lawsuit was settled outside of court.[75] Gianforte opposed same-sex marriage.[78]. He staked out a position in opposition to abortion.[78][79]

Steve Bullock, the incumbent Democratic governor, defeated Gianforte in the November general election, 50%–46%.[80]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

2017 special election campaign[edit]

On March 1, 2017, Republican U.S. Representative Ryan Zinke of Montana's at-large congressional district resigned his seat following his confirmation by the United States Senate as United States Secretary of the Interior. Governor Bullock set a special election to finish Zinke's term for May 25 that same day.[81] Gianforte had already announced his intention to seek the seat on January 25, prior to Zinke's confirmation and subsequent resignation.[82] At a March 6 convention, the Republican Party selected Gianforte as their nominee. He faced Democratic musician and former Montana Arts Council member Rob Quist, as well as Libertarian nominee Mark Wicks, in the general election.[83]

In a departure from previous pledges made during his gubernatorial campaign, Gianforte relaxed his past pledges to refuse all PAC money, and began to turn away only corporate PAC funding. His campaign began accepting contributions from political party and leadership PACs.[84]

Gianforte distanced himself from Donald Trump during the 2016 Republican primary and did not attend Trump's sole rally in Montana, citing a scheduling conflict.[85][86] However, he endorsed Trump in the 2016 general election and continued to express support for him during his 2017 special election campaign for Congress.[87][88][89] Gianforte's campaign was supported by Vice President Mike Pence and Donald Trump Jr., who both stumped for Gianforte in the state.[90][91][92] Gianforte tacked close to Trump's political narratives, promoted his outsider status as a first time politico, his experience as a technology entrepreneur, and criticized sanctuary cities policies and "the liberal elite."[93]

Gianforte supported repeal of the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare).[94] He has declined to say whether he supports the American Health Care Act, the House Republican legislation to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act.[95] That same day, Gianforte held a private conference call with Republican-leaning lobbyists in Washington D.C. where he offered a more supportive view of the American Health Care Act.[95][96] He said that it "sounds like we just passed a health care thing, which I'm thankful for, sounds like we're starting to repeal and replace."[95] Later that May, he said he would not "vote for a repeal and a replace unless I know it protects people with pre-existing conditions, lowers rates and preserves rural access".[97] The incident where Gianforte assaulted a reporter was in response to questions about how the AHCA would make health insurance too expensive for people with pre-existing conditions.[98]

Gianforte opposed the legalization of marijuana for recreational use, comparing marijuana to more addictive drugs.[99] He supported allowing the use of medical marijuana to "people in chronic pain, under the care of a doctor."[100] He continued to stake out a position in opposition to abortion except when the woman's life is in danger.[100] He favored removing federal funds from Planned Parenthood.[100] He stated that he supports government enforcement of nondiscrimination for workers, but not for customers.[101][58]. He opposed increasing in the minimum wage.[102] Gianforte supported Executive Order 13769, to ban immigration from seven Middle Eastern and predominantly Muslim countries.[103] He opposed resettlement of refugees in Montana.[104] He opposed sanctuary cities policies.[93] Gianforte blamed the Obama administration for "the situation with Russia" favored a multilateral strategy to stand against Russian aggression.[63] He supported Trump's decision to fire FBI Director James Comey.[105]

Gianforte opposed efforts to transfer federal lands to the states."[106] Gianforte called for changes to the Endangered Species Act.[77] He was in favor of amending to the federal Equal Access to Justice Act to reduce environmental litigation, asserting that the act has been abused by "environmental extremists."[77] He acknowledged human-caused climate change but "did not have specific ideas on how to address climate change."[77] He believed that "the climate is always changing," and believed that closing coal-fired power plants would not help mitigate climate change.[107] He supported Trump's repeal of the Clean Power Plan introduced by the Obama administration.[108] He has called for investments in clean coal technology.[107] Gianforte has criticized the length of time the Department of Interior spends to evaluate applications to drill and frack for shale gas.[109]

Gianforte outlined his position on retirement by using the Biblical example of Noah. He said:

There's nothing in the Bible that talks about retirement. And yet it's been an accepted concept in our culture today. Nowhere does it say, 'Well, he was a good and faithful servant, so he went to the beach ... The example I think of is Noah. How old was Noah when he built the ark? 600. He wasn't like, cashing Social Security checks, he wasn't hanging out, he was working. So, I think we have an obligation to work. The role we have in work may change over time, but the concept of retirement is not biblical.[110][111][112][113]

Election eve assault of journalist[edit]
Greg Gianforte's jail booking mugshot taken 93 days after his act of assault, on Friday, August 25, 2017 upon being booked and fingerprinted at the Gallatin County Montana Detention Center.

On May 24, 2017, the day before the U.S. House special election, Ben Jacobs, a political reporter for The Guardian newspaper who was covering the election, reported to the Gallatin County, Montana Sheriff's Office that Gianforte assaulted him at Gianforte's Bozeman campaign office after Jacobs asked him a question concerning health care policy.[114][115][116][117][118] Jacobs said that Gianforte "bodyslammed" him to the floor and broke the reporter's glasses.[115][116][117] In the immediate aftermath of the incident, Gianforte made misleading statements to a Gallatin County Sheriff's Office Sergeant who reported to Gianforte's campaign office to investigate Jacobs' assault complaint.[119] On the evening of the incident, Gianforte further remarked to the investigating Sheriff's Sergeant: "the liberal media is trying to make a story."[120][121]

The Gianforte campaign was initially unapologetic, falsely blaming the reporter in a press release in the hours after the assault,[122][123] and disputed the allegations, saying that Jacobs grabbed Gianforte's wrist, causing them both to fall to the ground.[124] However, an audio recording of the incident appeared to support Jacobs's statement,[125][115] and other reporters who were present at the scene corroborated Jacobs' version of events.[126]

An eyewitness to the attack, Fox News reporter Alicia Acuna, testified that "Gianforte grabbed Jacobs by the neck with both hands and slammed him into the ground," then "began punching the man" and "yelling something to the effect of 'I'm sick and tired of this!'" Acuna remarked: "at no point did any of us who witnessed this assault see Jacobs show any form of physical aggression toward Gianforte, who left the area after giving statements to local sheriff's deputies."[127] Jacobs was hospitalized following the attack.[125] Another journalist who was an eyewitness to the assault, Alixis Levinson, tweeted that she "heard a giant crash and saw Ben's feet fly in the air as he hit the floor."[128]

Gianforte was cited for misdemeanor assault by the Gallatin County Sheriff's Office, and was ordered to appear in court regarding his actions.[129][130] 93 days after his assault, on Friday August 25, 2017, Gianforte was briefly booked into jail, fingerprinted, and had his official jail "mugshot" photograph taken, but only after being compelled to do so by court order following a quiet struggle by his legal team to avoid that process.[131][132][133] On Wednesday October 10th, 2017, Giantforte's jail mugshot was released publicly by a Gallatin County Court order.[134]

Three of Montana's largest newspapers, including the Billings Gazette, the largest in the state, the Missoulian and the Independent Record, all rescinded their endorsements of Gianforte in the wake of the incident.[135][136][137][138] Speaker Paul Ryan and other members of Congress urged Gianforte to apologize.[139]

Gianforte won the special election on May 25. During his acceptance speech that evening, he apologized to Jacobs and the Fox News crew for his assault.[140] On June 7 Gianforte made a written apology to Jacobs and donated US$50,000 to the Committee to Protect Journalists, which accepted the funds because it was part of the settlement and said it would put them towards the U.S. Press Freedom Tracker.[11] In return, Jacobs agreed to not pursue a civil claim against Gianforte.[141]

On June 12, 2017, when Gianforte pleaded guilty to misdemeanor assault of Jacobs in Gallatin County District Court, Gianforte said Jacobs "did not initiate any physical contact with me." He also wrote a letter to Jacobs saying the reporter did not start the physical altercation.[122] Gianforte was originally sentenced to four days in jail, to be completed in part through a work program. However, he was ineligible for the work program due to the assault conviction. The judge then switched the sentence to 40 hours of community service, 20 hours of anger management therapy, 180-day deferred sentence, and a $300 fine along with an $85 court fee.[9][10][142]

During the court hearing Jacobs said that he hoped to interview Gianforte in the future, as he was trying to do at the time of the assault. Gianforte said in court to Jacobs "I am sorry, and if and when you are ready, I look forward to sitting down with you in D.C." However, Gianforte later reneged on his courtroom offer to sit down with Jacobs for an interview.[143][144]

On October 18, 2018, during a rally in Missoula, Montana, US President Donald Trump praised Gianforte for assaulting Jacobs.[145][146][147] While verbally recognizing Gianforte's capacity to effect a body slam, Trump made gestures with his arms and hands to pantomime a fighting maneuver.[148] According to analysts, the incident marks the first time the President has "openly and directly praised a violent act against a journalist on American soil".[149] The UK Prime Minister Theresa May, commenting about the incident, stated that "any violence or intimidation against a journalist is completely unacceptable".[150] PEN America Center, a nonprofit writer organization defending freedom of expression, condemned Trump's explicit praise for Gianforte's assault.[151] During an event in Scottsdale, Arizona the following day, President Donald Trump dismissed this criticism, saying he does not regret praising Gianforte.[152] Since the October, 2018 political rally when Trump recognized Gianforte's commission of assault, Gianforte has been criticized by one of his constituents for not refuting nor denouncing Trump's recognition and praise of his attack on Jacobs.[153]

Gianforte's assault on the journalist has gained political notoriety; during an October 2018 campaign event with then Georgia Secretary of State Brian Kemp, U.S. Representative Jody Hice implored the small crowd gathered to oppose the resurgence of Democratic candidates in the 2018 mid term elections. Hice declared that: "it's time for this so called blue wave to be body slammed!" [154]

In the months since the assault, through his attorney, Jacobs has accused Gianforte of white-washing his factual guilt of the assault, twice sending cease and desist letters warning Gianforte not to lie about his culpability in the assault.[155] Gianforte met with the Missoulian newspaper editorial board in October 2018, and, when asked about the assault, he maintained that his original false statement to sheriff's deputies in the immediate aftermath of the incident was his best recollection of events; a statement that Gianforte later contradicted under oath in court with an admission of guilt connected to his guilty plea.[156][157]

2018 general election campaign[edit]

Gianforte's incumbency was opposed in 2018 by Montana’s nominated Democratic Party candidate Kathleen Williams, a state legislator and natural resources expert from Bozeman, as well as by Libertarian Party candidate Elinor Swanson, a lawyer from Billings.[158] Giantforte's Democratic opponent, Kathleen Williams has criticized Gianforte for introducing a bill to remove federal protections from several wilderness study areas in Montana without holding any public meetings on the issue.[159]

Polling data in the weeks leading up to election showed Gianforte and Williams were in a close contest within the margins of error, though Gianforte prevailed in his bid for re-election.[160][161] Exit polling data indicated that Gianforte had his strongest support at the polls from men older than 44, and from those with incomes above $50,000 per year.[162]

Tenure[edit]

115th Congress[edit]

Gianforte was sworn into the U.S. House on June 21, 2017.[163] At his inauguration ceremony, Gianforte announced his support for congressional term limits, barring members of Congress from becoming lobbyists, and holding back congressional pay if no budget is passed – it is unusual for members of Congress to announce such support for legislation in their inauguration.[164] Montana Democrats mailed Gianforte an orange prison jumpsuit on the day of his inauguration.[165][166]

Gianforte has touted refundable tax credits for low income parents as an achievement of his party caucus in the 115th Congress.[167]. He stressed the importance of open and free trade agreements for Montana farms.[168]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Honors[edit]

Gianforte received an honorary doctorate from Stevens Institute of Technology and gave the commencement speech in 2012.[170]

In 2007, Gianforte was awarded an honorary doctorate from Montana State University's College of Engineering.[171][13]

In 2007, Gianforte was inducted into the CRM Hall of Fame.[172] Gianforte received the 2003 Stevens Institute of Technology's Stevens Honor Award.[173]

Gianforte was named Pacific Northwest Entrepreneur of the Year by Ernst & Young in 2003.[174]

Electoral History[edit]

Montana gubernatorial election, 2016[175]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Steve Bullock (Incumbent) 255,933 50.25 +1.35%
Republican Greg Gianforte 236,115 46.36 -0.98%
Libertarian Ted Dunlap 17,312 3.39 -0.37%
Plurality 19,818 3.89 +2.33%
Turnout 516,901 74.44
Total votes 509,360 100%
Democratic hold Swing
Montana's at-large congressional district special election, 2017[176]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Greg Gianforte 189,473 50.19% -6.00
Democratic Rob Quist 166,483 44.11% +3.46
Libertarian Mark L. Wicks 21,509 5.70% +2.44
Majority 22,990 6.10% -7.54%
Turnout 377,465 54.22% -20.22%
Republican hold Swing
Montana's at-large congressional district general election, 2018[177]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Greg Gianforte %
Democratic Kathleen Williams %
Libertarian Elinor Swanson %
Majority % %
Turnout % %
Republican hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Greg Gianforte: A look at the newly-elected Montana congressman accused of assaulting reporter". May 26, 2017. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  2. ^ "What you need to know about Greg Gianforte and Montana's election". Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  3. ^ Fox, Lauren (May 24, 2017). "Big Sky battle: The singer vs. the millionaire". Cable News Network. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  4. ^ ""Serial Entrepreneur"". Gianforte Family Foundation. 2018.
  5. ^ "Native & Newcomer". Sky. Delta Airlines. 2011. p. 114. ISSN 0734-8967.
  6. ^ Hawkings, David. "Wealth of Congress, Richer Than Ever, but Mostly at the Very Top". Roll Call. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  7. ^ Bozeman Daily Chronicle, Whitney Bermes, October 11, 2017, Judge releases Congressman Gianforte’s mugshot, Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  8. ^ Marcos, Cristina (June 21, 2017). "Gianforte Causes Stir After Becoming Newest House Member". The Hill. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  9. ^ a b CNN, Kyung Lah, Noa Yadidi and Carma Hassan. "Gianforte pleads guilty to assault in incident with reporter". CNN. Retrieved 2017-06-12.
  10. ^ a b Andrews, Natalie (2017-06-12). "Incoming GOP Congressman Greg Gianforte Pleads Guilty to Assault on Reporter". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2017-06-12.
  11. ^ a b "CPJ to use $50,000 Gianforte donated as part of body slam settlement to track other assaults on press - Committee to Protect Journalists". cpj.org. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  12. ^ "Obituary for Frank Richard Gianforte at Mauger Givnish Funeral Home". www.meaningfulfunerals.net. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  13. ^ a b "Honorary Degree Committee". Montana State University. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  14. ^ "Gregory R. Gianforte Executive Profile & Biography - Bloomberg". Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  15. ^ "Gianforte family obituary".
  16. ^ {{Cite web|url=https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/bozemandailychronicle/obituary.aspx?n=dale-d-gianforte&pid=105483806%7Ctitle=Obituary for Dale (née Douglass) Gianforte at Mauger Givnish Funeral Home|website=www.meaningfulfunerals.net|language=en|access-date=2018-11-11}}
  17. ^ (March 31, 2007). Gianforte wants to help all Montanans prosper, USA Today
  18. ^ (May 6, 2015). Frank Richard Gianforte, The Daily Local
  19. ^ "Dale Gianforte". geni_family_tree. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  20. ^ "Obituary for Frank Richard Gianforte at Mauger Givnish Funeral Home". www.meaningfulfunerals.net. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  21. ^ Volz, Matt (Jan 3, 2016). "Greg Gianforte made $220M over 10 years". The Associated Press. Retrieved Jan 3, 2016.
  22. ^ Johnson, Peter (March 31, 2017). "Gianforte wants to help all Montanans prosper". USA Today. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  23. ^ {{Cite news|url=http://www.philly.com/philly/business/20160404_Taking_Upper_Merion_lessons_to_Montana.html%7Ctitle=Taking Upper Merion lessons to Montana|work=The Philadelphia Inquirer|last=DiStefano|first=Joseph|date=April 4, 2016|accessdate=April 4, 2016}
  24. ^ Tornoe, Rob (May 25, 2017). "How did an ex-Upper Merion football player end up allegedly 'body slamming' a reporter in Montana?". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  25. ^ a b (October 26, 2011)KofP prodigy in $1.5B Oracle cloud software deal, Philadelphia Inquirer
  26. ^ Charles Hack, Stevens Institute in Hoboken accepts $10 million gift, largest ever, from Gianforte Family Foundation, The Jersey Journal (September 18, 2012).
  27. ^ {{Cite news|url=http://www.philly.com/philly/business/20160404_Taking_Upper_Merion_lessons_to_Montana.html%7Ctitle=Taking Upper Merion lessons to Montana|work=The Philadelphia Inquirer|last=Distefano|first=Joseph|date=April 4, 2016|accessdate=April 4, 2016}
  28. ^ "About Greg". gregformontana.com. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  29. ^ ""About Us"". Gianforte Family Foundation. 2018.
  30. ^ "About Greg". GregforMontana.com. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  31. ^ "Roll Call Congressional Directory listing: Rep. Greg Gianforte". Congressional Quarterly's Roll Call. Nov 7, 2018. Retrieved Nov 7, 2018.
  32. ^ Kuglin, Tom (5 May 2018). "Congressional candidate Greg Gianforte says he self-reported illegally killed elk in 2000". Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  33. ^ Greg Gianforte, Randy Newberg (24 March 2016). Randy talks hunting issues with Greg Gianforte, Montana candidate for Governor (Radio broadcast). Hunt Talk Radio.
  34. ^ Tsai, Michelle (Dec 1, 2005). "Gianforte Says 'Thanks, But No Thanks' To VC". Venture Wire. Retrieved Nov 10, 2018.
  35. ^ Johnson, Peter (March 31, 2017). "Gianforte wants to help all Montanans prosper". USA Today. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  36. ^ Knickerbocker, Ken (June 27, 2018). "Upper Merion High School Alum, Soon-to-be Congressman Used to Be Godfather of Montana Technology Scene". Montco.Today. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  37. ^ Polilli, Steve (May 23, 1994). "Client/Server Gets Antiviral Software". Infoworld. Retrieved Nov 10, 2018.
  38. ^ Tsai, Michelle (Dec 1, 2005). "Gianforte Says 'Thanks, But No Thanks' To VC". Venture Wire. Retrieved Nov 10, 2018.
  39. ^ Emily Barker, Start with Nothing, Inc. (February 1, 2002).
  40. ^ Frier, Sarah (October 24, 2011). "Oracle Buys RightNow for .5 Billion to Add Cloud Services". Bloomberg.
  41. ^ Flandro, Carly (February 3, 2011). "RightNow grows to more than 1,000 employees". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  42. ^ "Greg Gianforte on Abortion". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
  43. ^ Associated Press. "Gianforte releases tax returns showing income of $220 million over 10 years." Billings Gazette. March 1, 2016. Billingsgazettecom. Date Retrieved April 2, 2016
  44. ^ a b Viebeck, Elise (May 25, 2017). "Gianforte has a history of controversial views and hostile comments to journalists". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  45. ^ a b "About Us". gianfortefoundation.org. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  46. ^ Michels, HOLLY. "Greg Gianforte is significant backer of Montana foundation that promotes conservative values". missoulian.com. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  47. ^ ""Scientific" Creationism as a Pseudoscience - NCSE". ncse.com. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  48. ^ Burns, Alexander (May 25, 2017). "Who Is Greg Gianforte?". Retrieved May 30, 2017 – via NYTimes.com.
  49. ^ Walsh, Meghan (Jan 13, 2016). "Can Greg Gianforte Save Montana From Poverty?". Billings Gazette. Retrieved Jan 13, 2016.
  50. ^ http://billingsgazette.com/news/features/magazine/dinosaur-museum-presents-biblical-view-of-origins/article_1c9ac218-bab0-11de-84f1-001cc4c002e0.html
  51. ^ Bruggeman, Karyn (April 13, 2015). "Billionaire Tech CEO Laying Groundwork for Montana Gubernatorial Run". The Atlantic.
  52. ^ Kristen Inbody (April 28, 2016). "Dinosaurs, the Bible and a Glendive museum". Great Falls Tribune.
  53. ^ Healy, Donna (October 18, 2009). "Dinosaur museum presents biblical view of origins: A faith-based Creation". Billings Gazette. ISSN 2372-868X. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013.
  54. ^ Staff, DONNA HEALY Of The Gazette. "Dinosaur museum presents biblical view of origins". Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  55. ^ Fraser, Jayme (March 27, 2016). "Gianforte's charitable giving reveals social conservatism not discussed in campaign". helenair.com. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  56. ^ Noon, Alison (December 29, 2015). "Religion Central to Gianforte's Life, But Not His Campaign". Flathead Beacon. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  57. ^ Beachum, Laeteshia (Nov 15, 2017). "How slamming campaign finance laws helped Greg Gianforte get elected". The Center For Public Integrity. Retrieved Nov 15, 2017.
  58. ^ a b Dominic Holden. "Republican Frontrunner For Montana Governor Has An Extreme Anti-LGBT Past". BuzzFeed. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  59. ^ "FICO Announces Greg Gianforte Joins Board of Directors". FICO.com press release. Nov 13, 2013. Retrieved Nov 13, 2013.
  60. ^ "Top Buys by Directors: Gianforte's $464K Bet on FICO". Forbes Magazine. Nov 25, 2013. Retrieved Nov 25, 2013.
  61. ^ Lutey, Tom (Dec 9, 2017). "Tester and Gianforte among 33 members of Congress who got farm subsidies in the past 21 years". Helena Independent Record. Retrieved Dec 9, 2017.
  62. ^ "Congressman Greg Gianforte and Susan Gianforte Host 150 tech leaders at July 6 Bozeman Reception". Montana High Tech Business Alliance Website. September 8, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  63. ^ a b c d Ben Jacobs, GOP candidate has financial ties to US-sanctioned Russian companies, The Guardian (April 28, 2017).
  64. ^ Bobby Caina Calvan, Investments in Russia become focus in congressional race, Associated Press (April 30, 2017).
  65. ^ Carter, Troy (25 August 2018). "As governor, Gianforte won't expense his private airplane trips". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  66. ^ McLaughlin, Kathleen (2018). "She has a camper truck, he has a private jet – can a Democrat take Montana?". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  67. ^ Carney, Jordain (5 October 2018). "Gianforte offers GOP senator plane to return for Kavanaugh vote". The Hill. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  68. ^ Lutey, Tom (January 20, 2016). "Gianforte declares candidacy for governor in Billings". Billings Gazette. ISSN 2372-868X. Archived from the original on January 20, 2016.
  69. ^ Carter, Troy. "Political practices complaint filed against Gianforte". Retrieved August 29, 2015.
  70. ^ Talwani, Sanjay. "Complaint alleges that Gianforte campaigned before registering as a candidate". MTN News. Retrieved August 29, 2015.
  71. ^ Carter, Troy. "Campaign Complaint Against Gianforte Dismissed". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  72. ^ Phil Drake, Gianforte unveils '406 Tax Relief' plan, Great Falls Tribune (April 18, 2016).
  73. ^ Associated Press, Facebook disputes claims of Montana candidate (April 21, 2016).
  74. ^ Pathe, Simone (Feb 7, 2018). "Montana's Greg Gianforte Ditches 'No PAC' Pledge for 2018". Roll Call Newspaper. Retrieved Feb 7, 2018.
  75. ^ a b c Jayme Fraser, Bullock, Gianforte spar over access to public lands, Missourian (July 22, 2016).
  76. ^ a b Hayme Fraser & Holly Michels, Governor candidate Gianforte sued state in 2009 over access to river, Billings Gazette (May 10, 2016).
  77. ^ a b c d Kuglin, Tim (28 April 2018). "Gianforte: 'I believe we can develop natural resources and protect the environment'". Helena Independent Record. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  78. ^ a b Mike Dennison (October 27, 2016). "MT gov's race features big difference on social issues – but Gianforte says it's not that relevant". MNT News (KTVH).
  79. ^ Project, Campus Election Engagement (October 25, 2016). "Steve Bullock vs. Greg Gianforte: Nonpartisan Candidate Guide For 2016 Montana Governor's Race". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  80. ^ "2016 Statewide General Election Canvass" (PDF). Montana Secretary of State.
  81. ^ Lutey, Tom (March 1, 2017). "Zinke sworn in as Interior secretary; Montana prepares for special election". Billings Gazette. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
  82. ^ Dennison, Mike (January 25, 2017). "Gianforte officially enters the race to succeed Zinke". KTVH-DT. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
  83. ^ Holly K. Michels (March 6, 2017). "Greg Gianforte wins Republican nomination for Montana's US House election". Missoulian. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
  84. ^ Pathe, Simone (Feb 7, 2018). "Montana's Greg Gianforte Ditches 'No PAC' Pledge for 2018". Roll Call Newspaper. Retrieved Feb 7, 2018.
  85. ^ Riccardi, Matt Volz and Nicholas. "Montana Republican goes from wary Trump backer to all-in ahead of election". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
  86. ^ Lutey, Tom. "Republicans who didn't support Trump in early 2016 now are all in". The Billings Gazette. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  87. ^ McConnaha, Michelle. "GOP candidates discuss issues, support Trump". Ravalli Republic. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  88. ^ Volz, Matt; Riccardi, Nicholas (May 20, 2017). "Greg Gianforte Goes from Wary Trump Backer to All-In". Billings Gazette. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  89. ^ News, N. B. C. (May 20, 2017). "Montana Republican goes from wary Trump backer to all-in". NBC News. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  90. ^ Hudson, Matt (May 12, 2017). "Vice President Mike Pence in Billings: 'We need Greg Gianforte' in Congress". Billings Gazette. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  91. ^ "Bernie Sanders heads to Montana for high-profile House race". NBC News. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  92. ^ "donald-trump-jr-to-campaign-for-gianforte".
  93. ^ a b Turkewitz, Julie (May 22, 2017). "What Scandal? In Montana Race, a Republican Is Following the Trump Playbook". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  94. ^ Holly K. Michels. "Gianforte, Quist both say current bill to replace Obamacare needs work". Missoulian. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  95. ^ a b c Martin, Jonathan (May 5, 2017). "G.O.P. House Candidate in Montana Is Caught on Tape Praising Health Bill". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
  96. ^ "Montana Democrat closes with health-care message in closely watched congressional race". Washington Post. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  97. ^ Wadley, Will (May 23, 2017). "Gianforte draws on business, campaign experience ahead of special election". KECI. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  98. ^ "Republican Gianforte Wins Montana House Race Amid Assault Charge". NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
  99. ^ Fang, Marina (April 30, 2017). "Montana Democratic Candidate Affirms Support For Legalizing Marijuana". Huffington Post. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  100. ^ a b c Holly K. Michels, Gianforte supports defunding Planned Parenthood; Quist approves of legalizing recreational marijuana, Missoulian (April 29, 2017).
  101. ^ Lutey, Tom. "Gianforte clarifies stance on protection of LGBT rights". The Billings Gazette. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  102. ^ tlutey@billingsgazette.com, TOM LUTEY. "Ideas roll in as Gianforte kicks off 'Regulation Roundup Tour'". The Billings Gazette. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  103. ^ News, A. B. C. (May 23, 2017). "What to know about Montana's special election". ABC News. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  104. ^ OnTheIssues.org. "Greg Gianforte on the Issues". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  105. ^ CNN, Eric Bradner. "Republicans on ballots stick with Trump on Comey firing". CNN. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  106. ^ Mikenzie Frost, Records show Quist, Gianforte have different hunting and fishing history, KTVH (April 26, 2017).
  107. ^ a b Lutey, Tom. "Quist, Gianforte support coal, but differ on policy". The Billings Gazette. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  108. ^ Lutey, Tom. "Trump's repeal of Clean Power Plan gets mixed Montana reception". The Billings Gazette. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  109. ^ Lutey, Tom (Oct 29, 2018). "Gianforte, Williams differ sharply on public land policy". Billings Gazette. Retrieved Oct 29, 2018.
  110. ^ "Greg Gianforte on Social Security". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
  111. ^ Lutey, Tom. "Gianforte, potential GOP governor candidate, protested by Billings Democrats". The Billings Gazette. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
  112. ^ "The Montana Republican running in the special election doesn't believe in retirement because Noah was still working when he was 600". April 21, 2017. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
  113. ^ Lachman, Samantha (June 9, 2015). "Noah From The Bible Didn't Retire, So This Likely GOP Gubernatorial Candidate Doesn't See Why You Should". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
  114. ^ Levin, Sam (Nov 17, 2017). "Montana Rep. Gianforte misled investigators in assault on reporter before election". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved Nov 17, 2017.
  115. ^ a b c Wong, Julia Carrie; Levin, Sam (May 24, 2017). "Republican candidate 'body-slams' Guardian reporter in Montana". The Guardian/Guardian Media Group. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  116. ^ a b "Reporter alleges Greg Gianforte 'body slammed' him in Bozeman". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  117. ^ a b Jacobs, Ben [@Bencjacobs] (May 24, 2017). "Greg Gianforte just body slammed me and broke my glasses" (Tweet). Retrieved May 24, 2017 – via Twitter.
  118. ^ "Greg Gianforte Allegedly Assault Guardian Reporter". Roll Call. May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  119. ^ Bermes, Whitney (Nov 17, 2017). "Montana Congressman Greg Gianforte misled investigators in assault case, documents say". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Retrieved Nov 17, 2017.
  120. ^ Julia Carrie Wong, 18 November 2017, The Guardian, Greg Gianforte misled police after assault of Guardian journalist, incident report shows: Montana congressman falsely said Ben Jacobs had initiated physical contact: Gianforte told police ‘the liberal media is trying to make a story', Retrieved November 18, 2017
  121. ^ Silverman, Ellie (2017-11-17). "Rep. Gianforte's account to police on assault of reporter appears to contradict his later apology". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-11-22.
  122. ^ a b Michaels, Holly (Nov 27, 2017). "Reporter's letter: Gianforte should stop saying journalist initiated election eve attack". Helena Independent Record. Retrieved Nov 27, 2017.
  123. ^ Amber Phillips, May 26, 2017, Washington Post, The GOP's newest member of Congress can't make up his mind about whether he assaulted a reporter, or a reporter assaulted him, Retrieved May 27, 2017, "... That was 24 hours before Election Day. Gianforte stuck with his story and laid low, even though he was pretty much the only one who seemed to believe himself — especially after audio of the altercation and eyewitnesses appeared to corroborate Jacobs's account ..."
  124. ^ "Reporter alleges he was 'body slammed' by Montana GOP candidate". USA TODAY. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  125. ^ a b Martin, Jonathan (May 25, 2017). "G.O.P. Candidate in Montana House Race Is Accused of Attacking Reporter". New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  126. ^ Acuna, Alicia (May 24, 2017). "Greg Gianforte: Fox News team witnesses GOP House candidate 'body slam' reporter". Fox News. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  127. ^ Greg Gianforte: Fox News team witnesses GOP House candidate 'body slam' reporter. Acuna, Alicia. Fox News, May 24, 2017
  128. ^ Daniel S. Levine (26 May 2017). "Greg Gianforte: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.com. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  129. ^ "Gianforte charged with election-eve assault". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  130. ^ "Update on Assault Investigation". Gallatin County Sheriff. May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  131. ^ Sean Rossman (22 August 2017). "Montana congressman Greg Gianforte to get mugshot, fingerprints for 'body slam' of reporter". Business Insider. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  132. ^ Mark Abadi (11 October 2017). "Here's the mugshot of Greg Gianforte, the Congressman who assaulted a reporter the day before his election". Business Insider. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  133. ^ Sabrina Siddiqui (11 October 2017). "Greg Gianforte's mugshot released to the public after legal battle". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  134. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/aug/21/greg-gianforte-booking-fingerprinting-mugshot-assault-case
  135. ^ "Gazette opinion: We're pulling our endorsement of Gianforte". Billings Gazette. May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  136. ^ "Missoulian rescinds Gianforte endorsement". Missoulian. May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  137. ^ "Independent Record withdraws endorsement of Gianforte". Independent Record. May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  138. ^ Martin, Jonathan (May 24, 2017). "Greg Gianforte, Montana G.O.P. Candidate, Is Charged in Attack on Reporter". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  139. ^ "Ryan: Gianforte should apologize for alleged assault on reporter". politico.com. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  140. ^ "Gianforte: 'I made a mistake, I am sorry'". CNN. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  141. ^ Wong, Julia Carrie (June 8, 2017). "Gianforte pays $50,000 to press group to settle assault of Guardian reporter". The Guardian. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
  142. ^ Marcos, Cristina (June 21, 2017). "Gianforte Causes Stir After Becoming Newest House Member". The Hill. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  143. ^ Brian Stelter (29 August 2017). "Body-slammed reporter wants to know why Rep. Gianforte still won't grant interview". CNN. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  144. ^ Sabrina Siddiqui (11 October 2017). "Greg Gianforte's mugshot released to the public after legal battle". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  145. ^ Michaels, Holly (Oct 30, 2018). "Trump rally set for Saturday at Bozeman airport". The Montana Standard. Retrieved Oct 29, 2017.
  146. ^ Sullivan, Kate; Acosta, Jim; Klein, Betsy (18 October 2018). "Trump jokes about congressman assaulting reporter: 'Any guy who can do a body slam ... he's my guy'". CNN. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  147. ^ Cochrane, Emily (19 October 2018). "'That's My Kind of Guy,' Trump Says of Republican Lawmaker Who Body-Slammed a Reporter". New York Times. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  148. ^ Bort, Ryan (Oct 19, 2018). "Trump Continues to Pave the Way for More Violence Against the Press". Rolling Stone Magazine. Retrieved Oct 19, 2018.
  149. ^ Pilkington, Ed (2018-10-19). "Trump praises Gianforte for assault on Guardian reporter: 'He's my guy'". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  150. ^ "Trump criticized for praising congressman who body-slammed reporter". Reuters. 19 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  151. ^ "Trump's Praise for Greg Gianforte's (R-MT) Assault of Reporter Marks a Startling New Low - PEN America". pen.org. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  152. ^ McGraw, Meredith (19 October 2018). "Trump: No regrets for praising congressman who body-slammed reporter: 'He is my type'". ABC News. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  153. ^ Spencer, Mike (Oct 31, 2018). "Gianforte has not denounced Trump's praise for violent act". The Missoulian Newspaper; letter to the editor. Retrieved Oct 31, 2018.
  154. ^ Gambino, Lauren (29 October 2018). "Republican congressman: time to 'body-slam' Democrats' midterm hopes". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  155. ^ Volz, Matt (Oct 25, 2018). "Reporter warns Rep. Gianforte not to lie about 2017 attack". Missoulian Newspaper. Retrieved Oct 25, 2018.
  156. ^ Pogreba, Don (Oct 22, 2018). "Greg Gianforte is Unbelievably Still Lying About the Night He Assaulted Ben Jacobs". Missoulian Newspaper. Retrieved Oct 22, 2018.
  157. ^ MTN News, Staff (Oct 26, 2018). "Reporter's attorney alleges Gianforte lying about assault, settlement". Missoulian Newspaper. Retrieved Oct 26, 2018.
  158. ^ Ambarlan, Jonathon (February 27, 2018). "Billings lawyer enters Montana U.S. House race as Libertarian candidate". KTVH. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  159. ^ Volz, Matt. "Candidates meet in debate in US House race in Montana= Sept 29, 2018". The Associated Presss. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  160. ^ Hal, Mari (October 30, 2018). "Williams: Montana's U.S. House race getting 'tighter, tighter, tighter'". Missoula Current. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  161. ^ "RealClearPolitics.com Montana At-Large District - Gianforte vs. Williams (2018)". Real Clear Politics. November 1, 2018. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  162. ^ Lutey, Tom (Nov 7, 2018). "Montana's Gianforte prepares for Democrat-controlled House". Retrieved Nov 7, 2018.
  163. ^ "Republican Convicted of Attacking Reporter Joins House". Fox News (from the Associated Press). June 21, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  164. ^ Marcos, Cristina (June 21, 2017). "Gianforte Causes Stir After Becoming Newest House Member". The Hill. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  165. ^ Shelbourne, Mallory (June 21, 2017). "Montana Dems Send Orange Jumpsuit for Gianforte's First Day in Congress". The Hill. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  166. ^ Chasmar, Jessica (June 21, 2017). "Montana Democrats Mail Orange Jumpsuit to Greg Gianforte". The Washington Times. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  167. ^ Gianforte, Greg. "Keeping more of what you earn=Jan 2, 2018". The Missoulian Newspaper. Retrieved Jan 2, 2018.
  168. ^ "FARMBILLFRIDAY Rep. Greg Gianforte (MT-AL)". United States House Committee on Agriculture. July 20, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  169. ^ "Members". Congressional Western Caucus. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  170. ^ "Greg Gianforte and Jeong Kim Announced as Stevens Institute of Technology's 2012 Commencement Speakers". prweb.com. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  171. ^ Schmidt, Carol (April 3, 2007). "Four to receive MSU honorary doctorate degrees". MSU News Service. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  172. ^ magazine, the Editors of CRM (September 1, 2007). "The 2007 Market Awards: Hall of Fame". destinationcrm.com. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  173. ^ Stevens Institute of Technology's Stevens Honor Award Archived September 6, 2004, at the Wayback Machine.
  174. ^ "Ernst & Young Names RightNow Founder Greg Gianforte Pacific Northwest Entrepreneur of the Year; Innovation, Outstanding Business Performance, and Personal Commitment Cited in Software Category Award Presentation. - Free Online Library". thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  175. ^ "2016 General Election". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  176. ^ "2017 Special Election (unofficial results)". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  177. ^ "2018 Congressional Election (unofficial results)". Montana Secretary of State. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Rick Hill
Republican nominee for Governor of Montana
2016
Most recent
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ryan Zinke
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Montana's at-large congressional district

2017–present
Incumbent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Ron Estes
United States Representatives by seniority
420th
Succeeded by
Jimmy Gomez