Gregori Aminoff Prize

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The Gregori Aminoff Prize is an international prize awarded since 1979 by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in the field of crystallography, rewarding "a documented, individual contribution in the field of crystallography, including areas concerned with the dynamics of the formation and dissolution of crystal structures. Some preference should be shown for work evincing elegance in the approach to the problem."

The prize, which is named in memory of the Swedish scientist and artist Gregori Aminoff (1883–1947), since 1923 Professor of Mineralogy at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, was endowed through a bequest by his widow Birgit Broomé-Aminoff. The prize can be shared by several winners.

Year Name Citation
1979 Paul Peter Ewald (United States) "For his fundamental contributions to the development of the science of crystallography."
1980 (No prize awarded)
1981 Charles Frank (United Kingdom) "For your fundamental contributions to the development of the science of crystallography."
1982 Gunnar Hägg (Sweden) "For his pioneering application of x-ray crystallography in inorganic chemistry."
1983 J. M. Robertson (United Kingdom) "For your fundamental contributions to the development of the science of crystallography."
1984 David Harker (United States) "For your fundamental contributions to the development of methods in X-ray crystallography."
1985 André Guinier (France) "For your fundamental experimental and theoretical studies of the dispersion of X-rays with application to the study of structures of condensed systems."
1986 Erwin Félix Bertaut (France) "Pour vos ouvrages eminents en cristallographie théorique et expérimentale, en particulier concernant les structures magnétiques."
1987 Otto Kratky (Austria) "Für die Entwicklung der Kleinwinkelmethode bei Röntgen Studien der Struktur von Makromolekülen."
1988 Isabella L. Karle (United States) "For her eminent crystallographic investigations of complicated natural products."
1989 Arne Magnéli (Sweden) "For his epoch-making crystallographic studies of the building principles oxide compounds, which decisively have changed the view of the relations between stoichiometry and structure in inorganic chemistry."
1990 Jack Dunitz (Switzerland) "For your eminent way of using structure analysis as a tool for studying different chemical problems."
1991 David Phillips (United Kingdom) "For his fundamental results on the catalytic mechanism of enzymes."
1992 Michael M. Woolfson (United Kingdom) "For your development of direct methods for statistical phase determination of crystal structures."
1993 Clifford G. Shull (United States) "For your development and application of neutron diffraction methods for studies of atomic and magnetic structures of solids."
1994 Michael G. Rossmann (United States) "For your fundamental methodological work on the utilization of non-crystallographic symmetry, with its especially important applications within protein and virus crystallography."
1995 Hugo M. Rietveld (Netherlands) "In recognition of his development of profile refinement methods for the analysis of powder diffraction data."
1996 Philip Coppens (United States) "In recognition of your outstanding methodological and structure chemical achievements in Crystallography, especially the studies of electron distribution in different types of chemical bonds."
1997 Wayne A. Hendrickson (United States) "For your contributions to phase angle determination of macromolecular crystals using anomalous dispersion and measurements at multiple wavelengths."
1998 Pietro Marten De Wolff (Netherlands), Aloysio Janner (Netherlands), Ted Janssen (Netherlands) All: "For your contributions to the theory and practise of modulated structure refinements."
1999 Richard Henderson (United Kingdom), Nigel Unwin (United Kingdom) Both: "For your development of methods for structure determination of biological macromolecules using electron diffraction."
2000 Dan Shechtman (Israel) "For your discovery of quasicrystals."
2001 Kenneth C. Holmes (Germany) "For his pioneering development of methods to study biological macromolecules, in particular muscle proteins, by synchrotron radiation."
2002 Leslie Leiserowitz (Israel), Meir Lahav (Israel) Both: "for your fundamental studies of crystal growth and application to separation of enantiomers and for your studies of surface structures by synchrotron radiation"
2003 Axel Brunger (United States), T. Alwyn Jones (Sweden) Brunger: "for his development of refinement techniques for macromolecules". Jones: "for his pioneering development of methods to interpret electron density maps and to build models of biological macromolecules with the aid of computer graphics"
2004 (No prize awarded)
2005 Ho-Kwang Mao (United States) "for his pioneering research of solid materials at ultrahigh pressures and temperatures"
2006 Stephen Harrison, Harvard University and David Stuart, Oxford University "for their remarkable contributions in virus crystallography"
2007 Sumio Iijima (Japan) "for his structural studies of carbon nanotubes"
2008 Hans Eklund (Sweden) "for his crystallographic studies of ribonucleotide reductase"
2009 George M. Sheldrick (Great Britain) and Gérard Bricogne (France) "for his developments on the division of structure chemical"
2010 So Iwata (Japan) "for his seminal crystallographic studies of membrane proteins. Using state-of-the-art crystallographic methods, he has elucidated vital biological functions within the fields of cellular respiration, photosynthesis and molecular transport"
2011 Lia Addadi (Israel) and Stephen Weiner (Israel) "for their crystallographic studies of biomineralization processes, which have led to an understanding of mechanisms of mineral formation"
2012 Marat Yusupov (France), Gulnara Yusupova (France) and Harry F. Noller (United States) "for their crystallographic studies on ribosomes, translators of the code of life"
2013 Carlo Gatti (Italy) and Mark Spackman (Australia) "for developing experimental and theoretical methods to study electron density in crystals, and using them to determine molecular and crystalline properties"
2014 Yigong Shi (China) "for his groundbreaking crystallographic studies of proteins and protein complexes that regulate programmed cell death"
2015 Ian Robinson (United Kingdom) "for his development of diffraction methods for studying surfaces and nanomaterials"
2016 Poul Nissen (Denmark) and Chikashi Toyoshima (Japan) "for their fundamental contributions to understanding the structural basis for ATP-driven translocation of ions across membranes"


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