Gregorio Lazzarini (1657 – 10 November 1730) was an Italian painter of mythological, religious and historical subjects, as well as portraits. Best known for first training Giambattista Tiepolo, he was one of the most successful Venetian artists of the day and a prominent teacher. His own style was somewhat eclectic.
Born in Venice, the son of a barber,[n 1] he was the brother of the proficient painter, Elisabetta Lazzarini (1662–1729). He trained initially with the Genovese painter Francesco Rosa, then with Girolamo Forabosco, and lastly in the studio of Pietro della Vecchia. He joined the painters' guild in Venice in 1687. Active in Venice until at least 1715, he spent most of his life in the Venetian Republic.
He was a prolific painter. Some of his works decorate the Sala dello Scrutinio of the Doge’s Palace in Venice. A group of his paintings are on view inside the Sala San Tommaso at the basilica of Santi Giovanni e Paolo. Among his major works is a canvas depicting the Charity of San Lorenzo Giustiniani for the Patriarcal house at San Pietro di Castello. His overtly academic style, which changed little during his career, combined the solidity of Emilian painting of the Baroque period with the rich colours of the Venetian school.
One of the most successful Venetian artists of the day and father to a significant school of painting, he is best known for having first trained Giambattista Tiepolo, who joined his workshop in 1710 at the age of fourteen. He was reputed to be a patient teacher who imparted a broad knowledge of artistic styles for the portrayal of mythological and historical subjects; according to his contemporary biographer, Vincenzo da Canal, "the young who desired to get ahead in the pictorial arts chose Lazzarini as their master".[n 2] Other pupils of Lazzarini included Gaspare Diziani and Bartolomeo Ignazio Capello.
Santa Teresa crowned by the Savior Scalzi, Venice
Notes and references
- The contemporary biography, Vita di Gregorio Lazzarini by Vincenzo da Canal, which was originally compiled in 1732 (published, 1809), provides an essential source of information on Lazzarini's life and works.
- A nobleman from Vicenza, da Canal wished to record the achievements of teacher and student alike. He acknowledges that Tiepolo quickly abandoned Lazzarini's "diligent manner, and, being all fire and spirit, adopted one that was rapid and free".
- Sorce, Francesco (2005). "Lazzarini, Gregorio". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (in Italian). 64. Treccani. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- Warma, Susanne Juliane. "Lazzarini, Gregorio". Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 May 2014. (subscription required)
- Venice: its individual growth from the earliest beginnings, Part 3, Volume 1, by Pompeo Molmenti, page 75.
- Pedrocco, Filippo (1996). "Becoming Tiepolo". In Christiansen, Keith (ed.). Giambattista Tiepolo, 1696-1770. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-87099-812-6.
- Barcham, William L. "Tiepolo: (1) Giambattista Tiepolo". Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 26 May 2014. (subscription required)
- Chilvers, Ian, ed. (2009). "Tiepolo, Giambattista". The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists. Oxford University Press. p. 624. ISBN 0-19-953294-X.
- Scrittori ed artisti trentini, by Francesco Ambrosi, Giovanni Zippel Editor, 1883, Trento, page 95.
- Bryan, Michael (1889). Walter Armstrong and Robert Edmund Graves (ed.). Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, Biographical and Critical (Volume II L-Z). York St. #4, Covent Garden, London; Original from Fogg Library, Digitized May 18, 2007: George Bell and Sons. p. 30.
- Da Canal, Vincenzo (1809). Vita di Gregorio Lazzarini (in Italian). Venice: Stamperia Palese.
Media related to Gregorio Lazzarini at Wikimedia Commons