|Born||Gregory Oliver Hines
February 14, 1946
New York City, New York
|Died||August 9, 2003
Los Angeles, California
|Cause of death||Liver cancer|
|Resting place||Saint Volodymyr's Ukrainian Orthodox Cemetery
Oakville, Ontario, Canada
|Occupation||Actor, singer, dancer, choreographer|
|Spouse(s)||Patricia Panella (m. 1968)
Pamela Koslow (1981–2000)
Hines was born in New York City, the son of Alma Iola (Lawless) and Maurice Robert Hines, a dancer, musician, and actor. Hines began tapping when he was two years old, and began dancing semi-professionally at the age of five. Since then, he and his older brother Maurice performed together, studying with choreographer Henry LeTang. Gregory and Maurice also learned from veteran tap dancers such as Howard Sims and The Nicholas Brothers whenever they performed in the same venues.
The two brothers were known as "The Hines Kids", making nightclub appearances, and later as "The Hines Brothers". When their father joined the act as a drummer, the name changed again in 1963 to "Hines, Hines, and Dad".
Hines performed as the lead singer and musician in a rock band called Severance in the year of 1975-1976 based in Venice, California. Severance was one of the house bands at an original music club called Honky Hoagies Handy Hangout, otherwise known as the 4H Club. Severance released their debut album on Largo Records (a subsidiary of GNP Crescendo) in 1976. In 1986, he sang a duet with Luther Vandross, entitled "There's Nothing Better Than Love", which reached the No. 1 position on the Billboard R&B charts.
Hines made his movie debut in Mel Brooks's History of the World, Part 1. Critics took note of Hines's comedic charm, and he later appeared in such movies as The Cotton Club, White Nights alongside Mikhail Baryshnikov, Running Scared, Tap and Waiting to Exhale. On television, he starred in his own series in 1997 called The Gregory Hines Show on CBS, as well as in the recurring role of Ben Doucette on Will & Grace. In 1999, he would return to voice Big Bill, in Nick Jr.'s television show Little Bill.
Hines made his Broadway debut with his brother in The Girl in Pink Tights in 1954. He earned Tony Award nominations for Eubie! (1979), Comin' Uptown (1980) and Sophisticated Ladies (1981), and won the Tony Award and Drama Desk Award for Jelly's Last Jam (1992) and the Theatre World Award for Eubie!. In 1989, Gregory Hines created "Gregory Hines' Tap Dance in America," which he also hosted. The PBS special featured seasoned tap dancers such as Savion Glover and Bunny Briggs. He also co-hosted the Tony Awards ceremony in 1995 and 2002.
In 1990, Hines visited with his idol, Sammy Davis, Jr., as he was dying of throat cancer, unable to speak. After Davis died, an emotional Hines spoke at Davis's funeral of how Sammy had made a gesture to him, "as if passing a basketball … and I caught it." Hines spoke of the honor that Sammy thought that Hines could carry on from where he left off.
Hines was an avid improviser. He did a lot of improvisation of tap steps, tap sounds, and tap rhythms alike. His improvisation was like that of a drummer, doing a solo and coming up with all sorts of rhythms. He also improvised the phrasing of a number of tap steps that he would come up with, mainly based on sound produced. A laid back dancer, he usually wore nice pants and a loose-fitting shirt. Although he inherited the roots and tradition of the black rhythmic tap, he also influenced the new black rhythmic tap, as a proponent. "'He purposely obliterated the tempos,' wrote tap historian Sally Sommer, 'throwing down a cascade of taps like pebbles tossed across the floor. In that moment, he aligned tap with the latest free-form experiments in jazz and new music and postmodern dance.'"
Throughout his career, Hines wanted to and continued to be an advocate for tap in America. In 1988, he successfully petitioned the creation of National Tap Dance Day, which is now celebrated in 40 cities in the United States. It is also celebrated in eight other nations. Gregory Hines was on the Board of Directors of Manhattan Tap, he was a member of the Jazz Tap Ensemble, and a member of the American Tap Foundation (formerly the American Tap Dance Orchestra). He was a good teacher, influencing tap dance artists Savion Glover, Dianne Walker, Ted Levy, and Jane Goldberg.
Hines' marriages to Patricia Panella and Pamela Koslow ended in divorce. He had two children—a son, Zach, and a daughter, Daria, as well as a stepdaughter, Jessica Koslow, and a grandson.
Hines died of liver cancer on August 9, 2003, en route to hospital from his home in Los Angeles. He had been diagnosed with the disease more than a year earlier but had informed only his closest friends. At the time of his death, production of the television show Little Bill was ending, and he was engaged to Negrita Jayde. Hines is interred at Saint Volodymyr's Ukrainian Orthodox Cemetery in Oakville, Ontario, Canada, the country in which he met Jayde. Jayde, who died in 2009, is buried next to him.
Awards and nominations
- 1979 Theatre World Award—Eubie!
- 1992 Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical—Jelly's Last Jam
- 1992 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Actor in a Musical—Jelly's Last Jam
- 1988 Image Awards Outstanding Lead Actor in a Motion Picture—Running Scared
- 1998 Flo-Bert Award—Lifetime Achievement in Tap Dance by the New York Committee To Celebrate National Tap Dance Day
- 2002 Image Awards Outstanding Actor in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special—Bojangles
- 2003 Emmy Award for Outstanding Performer In An Animated Program —Little Bill
- 1979 Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Musical—Eubie!
- 1980 Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical—Comin' Uptown
- 1981 Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical—Sophisticated Ladies
- 1982 Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement—Special Class—I Love Liberty
- 1985 Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program—Motown Returns to the Apollo
- 1989 Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Program—Tap Dance in America
- 1992 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Choreography—Jelly's Last Jam
- 1992 Tony Award for Best Choreography—Jelly's Last Jam
- 1995 Image Awards Outstanding Lead Actor in a Motion Picture—Waiting to Exhale
- 1998 American Comedy Awards Funniest Male Guest Appearance in a TV Series—Will & Grace
- 1998 Image Awards Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series—The Gregory Hines Show
- 2001 Black Reel Awards Network/Cable Best Actor—Bojangles
- 2001 Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie—Bojangles
- 2001 Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Television Movie or Miniseries—Bojangles
- 2003 Emmy Award for Outstanding Performer in a Children's Special—The Red Sneakers
- 2003 Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing in a Children's Special—The Red Sneakers
- History of the World, Part I (1981)
- Wolfen (1981)
- Deal of the Century (1983)
- The Muppets Take Manhattan (1984)
- The Cotton Club (1984)
- White Nights (1985)
- Faerie Tale Theatre: "Puss in Boots" (1985)
- Running Scared (1986)
- Off Limits (1988)
- Tap (1989)
- Gregory Hines' Tap Dance in America (1989)
- Eve of Destruction (1991)
- White Lie (1991)
- A Rage in Harlem (1991)
- T Bone n Weasel (1992)
- Kangaroo Court (1994)
- Renaissance Man (1994)
- Dead Air (1994)
- A Stranger In Town (1995)
- Waiting to Exhale (1995)
- The Cherokee Kid (1996)
- Good Luck (1996)
- Mad Dog Time (1996)
- The Preacher's Wife (1996)
- Subway Stories: Tales From the Underground (1997)
- The Tic Code (1999)
- Little Bill (TV) (1999–2003, until his death)
- Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her (2000)
- Once in the Life (2000)
- Will & Grace (TV) (2000)
- Who Killed Atlanta's Children? (TV) (2000)
- Bojangles (2001)
- Venice: Lost and Found (2002)
- The Red Sneakers (TV) (2002)
- The Root (2003)
- Law & Order: (TV) "Suicide Box" (2003)
- Lost at Home: (TV) (2003)
- Keeping Time: The Life, Music & Photography of Milt Hinton (2004)
- "Gregory Hines" (obituary), The Telegraph, August 12, 2003.
- Luther Vandross Chart History
- Mervyn Rothstein (1 September 1992). "The Man in the Dancing Shoes". Cigar Aficionado. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- "Tap: With Gregory Hines". New York Public Library. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- Jr. news (1992). "Gregory Hines Interview". sammydavis-jr. The Sammy Davis, Jr. Association. Archived from the original on May 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-09.
- Constance Valis Hill. "Biography of Gregory Hines". The New York Public Library. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Jennifer Dunning (11 August 2003). "Gregory Hines, Versatile Dancer and Actor, Dies at 57". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-09.
- "Gregory Hines buried in Oakville City, Ontario". CBC. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- "Negrita Maria Jayde Obituary".
- Gregory Hines at the Internet Broadway Database
- Gregory Hines at the Internet Movie Database
- Gregory Hines at Find a Grave
- Blog of Death obituary
- Tapping into history Deborah Jowitt, Village Voice, August 2003.
- TonyAwards.com Interview with Gregory Hines
- Archival footage of Gregory Hines, Dianne Walker and Jimmy Slyde in 1996 at Jacob's Pillow