Gregory IV of Constantinople

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gregory IV
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
ChurchChurch of Constantinople
Appointed12 April 1623
Term ended18 June 1623
PredecessorCyril Lucaris
SuccessorAnthimus II
Personal details
Bornunknown
Diedafter 1623
Previous postMetropolitan of Amasya

Gregory IV (Greek: Γρηγόριος Δ΄) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for two months in 1623.

Life[edit]

Before he was elected as Patriarch of Constantinople Gregory IV was Metropolitan of Amasya. At the time of his election, he was old and blind in one eye, and so he was given the sobriquet Stravoamaseias (Greek: Στραβοαμασείας), i.e. the blind of Amasya.[1]

His short reign has to be considered in the context of the clash between the pro-Calvinist Patriarch Cyril Lucaris, supported by the Protestant Dutch and English ambassadors to the Ottoman capital, and his opponents supported by the Catholic French, Austrian and Venetian ambassadors. The latter were successful at persuading the Grand Vizier to depose Cyril Lucaris on 12 April 1623 and to appoint in his place Gregory IV, the head of the pro-Western faction.[2]

Gregory IV proved to be incompetent and could not pay the appointment fee (peshtesh) due to the Ottoman Sultan.[2] Further the Metropolitans and the bishops were unsatisfied with him because he had not been canonically elected by the Holy Synod. Thus on 18 June 1623 the Holy Synod deposed Gregory IV and formally elected Anthimus II in his place.[1]

After his deposition, Gregory IV was exiled to the island of Rhodes.[3] The date of his death is not known.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b C. Emerau (1926). "Lucar Cyrille". Dictionnaire de Theologie Catholique. 9. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. 1005-6.
  2. ^ a b Frazee, Charles (2006). Catholics and sultans : the church and the Ottoman Empire, 1453-1923. London: Cambridge University Press. p. 85. ISBN 0-521-02700-4.
  3. ^ Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-4344-5876-6.

Sources[edit]