Gregory of Antioch
|Gregory of Antioch|
|Church||Eastern Orthodox Church Roman Catholic Church|
|Predecessor||Anastasius I of Antioch|
|Successor||Anastasius I of Antioch|
Gregory of Antioch was the Greek Patriarch of Antioch from 571 to 593.
Gregory of Antioch began as a monk in the monastery of the Byzantines in Jerusalem, or so we learn from Evagrius Scholasticus. He was transferred by the emperor Justin II (565-578 ) to Sinai. He was abbot there when the monastery was attacked by Arabs. John Moschus mentions he was also abbot of Pharan in Palestine. In 569-70 he became Patriarch of Antioch after Justin II deposed the Patriarch Anastasius I of Antioch.
Gregory was an influential figure, who quarrelled with the Count of the East and was subjected to official harassment and "enquiries" in consequence, including an appearance in court in Constantinople some time before 588. The charges were trumped up, it seems, and he was acquitted. When Roman troops fighting the Persians mutinied in the time of the emperor Maurice I, Gregory was asked to mediate.
When Chosroes II of Persia was obliged to flee to the Romans for safety early in his reign, Gregory of Antioch and Domitian, metropolitan of Melitene, were sent to meet him. His services were evidently acceptable; when Chosroes regained his kingdom, he sent Gregory the cross which had been earlier carried off from Sergiopolis by Chosroes I. After this, Gregory made a tour of the border lands to convert Monophysites to the Chalcedonian definitions. He died in 593-4 from taking a drug, intended to relieve gout. His predecessor Anastasius I of Antioch then become Patriarch once more.
Five homilies have reached us.
- Angelo di Berardino (ed.), Adrian Walford (tr.), Patrology: The Eastern Fathers from the Council of Chalcedon (451) to John of Damascus (+750). Cambridge: James Clarke & Co. 2006. Hbk. Pp. xxxiii + 701. ISBN 0-227-67979-2.
- Evagrius Scholasticus (1846), Book 5, Chapter 18 (XVIII)