Gregory of Nin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gregory of Nin
Bishop of Nin
Grgur Ninski.jpg
Statue of Grgur Ninski in Split, Croatia
SeeDiocese of Zadar (now Archdiocese of Zadar)
Term endedc. 929
Consecrationc. 900
Personal details
DenominationChalcedonian Christianity

Gregory of Nin (Croatian: Grgur Ninski pronounced [ɡr̩̂ɡuːr nîːnskiː]; Latin: Gregorius Ninnius) was a medieval bishop of Nin who strongly opposed the pope and official circles of the Church[further explanation needed] and introduced the Croatian language in the religious services after the Great Assembly in 926, according to traditional Croatian historiography. Until that time, services were held only in Latin (being under the jurisdiction of Roman influence before the Great Schism), not being understandable to a majority of the population. Not only was this important for Croatian language and culture, but it also made Christianity stronger within the Croatian kingdom.[1][page needed]

Historical facts[edit]

Gregory was the bishop of Nin and as such was under the strong protection of King Tomislav of Croatia. At the Synod in 925, held in Split, Gregory became subordinate to the Archbishop of Split.[2] He rejected the offer of the Sisak Bishopric. After the conclusions of the first Synod Gregory complained again in 927/8 but was rejected and his Nin Bishopric was abolished, Gregory himself being transferred to the diocese of Skradin.[3]

The statue[edit]

The 8.5-metre (28 ft)[4] tall statue of Gregory of Nin by Ivan Meštrović in Split is a busy tourist site in the town, which the toe of the statue shows. Rubbing the statue's toe is said to bring good luck.[1][page needed][5] The toe has been worn smooth and shiny as a result.

The statue was erected in September 1929 in the Peristyle of Diocletian's Palace and can be seen in postcards of the pre-World War II period. In 1941, the statue was moved outside the city by Italian occupying forces. In 1954, it was re-erected in a different location, to the north of the Palace and Old Town of Split, just outside the Golden Gate, where it currently sits. A major restoration of the monument took place between 2013 and 2015.[6]

There are also statues of Gregory of Nin in the cities of Nin and Varaždin.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Dragutin Pavličević, Povijest Hrvatske, naklada Pavičić, Zagreb 2007. godine, ISBN 978-953-6308-71-2
  2. ^ Ivan Supicic (1999). Croatia in the Early Middle Ages: A Cultural Survey. Bloomsbury. p. 306.
  3. ^ Stanko Guldescu (1964). History of Medieval Croatia. Mouton. p. 119.
  4. ^ "Grgur Ninski povezao Split, Nin i Varaždin". Zadarski list (in Croatian). HINA. March 18, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Grgur Ninski". Retrieved April 20, 2017.
  6. ^ "Dramatična štorija o splitskom spomeniku Grguru Ninskom". (in Croatian). January 31, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2017.

Further reading[edit]