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Gremialismo, or guildism, is a social, political and economic ideology, inspired in the Catholic social teachings, which claims that every correct social order should base itself in intermediary societies between the persons and the state, which are created and managed in freedom and the order should serve the purposes for which they were created and no other.[1]

In Chile, gremialismo was the main doctrine of the liberal-conservative movement that emerged in the second half of the 1960s and led the opposition to the University Reform in the Catholic University of Chile. Thus, it opposed the Chilean left and centre. The principal ideologist of gremialism was the lawyer and professor and later an advisor of Pinochet, Jaime Guzmán.[citation needed]

There has been a dispute on whether or not gremialismo thought has been influenced by Juan Vázquez de Mella.[2]


  1. ^ "El Gremialismo y su postura universitaria en 27 preguntas y respuestas" (mayo de 1980).
  2. ^ Díaz Nieva, José (2008). "Influencias de Juan Vázquez de Mella sobre Jaime Guzmán" (PDF). Verbo (in Spanish). 467–468: 661–670. Retrieved 11 October 2015.