Grenola, Kansas

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Grenola, Kansas
Location within Elk County and Kansas
Location within Elk County and Kansas
KDOT map of Elk County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°21′0″N 96°27′0″W / 37.35000°N 96.45000°W / 37.35000; -96.45000Coordinates: 37°21′0″N 96°27′0″W / 37.35000°N 96.45000°W / 37.35000; -96.45000
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyElk
Founded1879
Incorporated1880 [1]
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
Area
 • Total0.48 sq mi (1.24 km2)
 • Land0.48 sq mi (1.24 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
1,119 ft (341 m)
Population
 • Total216
 • Estimate 
(2016)[4]
192
 • Density450/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67346
Area code620
FIPS code20-28800 [5]
GNIS ID0469884 [6]
Websitegrenolaks.com

Grenola is a city in Elk County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 216.[7]

History

Grenola had its start in the year 1879 by the building of the railroad through that territory. At that time, the two rival cities of Green Field and Canola, which were three miles apart, relocated to the site of the railroad and merged. The name Grenola is a portmanteau of the names of the two former towns.[8][9]

Geography

Grenola is located at 37°20′55″N 96°27′02″W / 37.34861°N 96.45056°W / 37.34861; -96.45056 (37.3486427, -96.4505641).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.48 square miles (1.24 km2), all of it land.[2]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Grenola has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890608
19006669.5%
1910532−20.1%
19205472.8%
19305520.9%
1940517−6.3%
1950380−26.5%
1960349−8.2%
1970290−16.9%
198033515.5%
1990256−23.6%
2000231−9.8%
2010216−6.5%
Est. 2016192[4]−11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 216 people, 92 households, and 64 families residing in the city. The population density was 450.0 inhabitants per square mile (173.7/km2). There were 128 housing units at an average density of 266.7 per square mile (103.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 1.9% Asian, and 0.5% from two or more races.

There were 92 households of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.4% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the city was 47.4 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.8% were from 45 to 64; and 26.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 231 people, 102 households, and 68 families residing in the city. The population density was 486.6 people per square mile (189.8/km²). There were 128 housing units at an average density of 269.6 per square mile (105.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.24% White, 0.43% Native American, 0.43% Pacific Islander, 2.60% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.60% of the population.

There were 102 households out of which 20.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the city, the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 23.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,000, and the median income for a family was $30,417. Males had a median income of $20,313 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,068. About 7.2% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 19.6% of those sixty five or over.

Education

Grenola is a part of USD 462 Central of Burden. The Burden High School mascot is Burden Raiders.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b "City of Grenola". The League of Kansas Municipalities. May 29, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
  8. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. pp. 796.
  9. ^ Hook, J. N. (10 June 2014). All Those Wonderful Names. Open Road Media. p. 274. ISBN 978-1-4976-1186-3.
  10. ^ "Grenola". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Grenola, Kansas
  12. ^ "Central USD 462". USD 462. Retrieved 5 January 2017.

Further reading

External links

City
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