Grenville-sur-la-Rouge, Quebec

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Grenville-sur-la-Rouge
Calumet's quiet main street
Calumet's quiet main street
Coat of arms of Grenville-sur-la-Rouge
Coat of arms
Location within Argenteuil RCM.
Location within Argenteuil RCM.
Grenville-sur-la-Rouge is located in Central Quebec
Grenville-sur-la-Rouge
Grenville-sur-la-Rouge
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°39′N 74°38′W / 45.650°N 74.633°W / 45.650; -74.633Coordinates: 45°39′N 74°38′W / 45.650°N 74.633°W / 45.650; -74.633[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionLaurentides
RCMArgenteuil
ConstitutedApril 24, 2002
Boroughs
Government
 • MayorTom Arnold
 • Federal ridingArgenteuil—La Petite-Nation
 • Prov. ridingArgenteuil
Area
 • Total329.40 km2 (127.18 sq mi)
 • Land315.85 km2 (121.95 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total2,746
 • Density8.7/km2 (23/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 0.9%
 • Dwellings
1,899
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Highways
A-50

Route 148
Route 327
Route 344
Websitewww.grenville
surlarouge.ca

Grenville-sur-la-Rouge is a municipality in the Argenteuil Regional County Municipality in the Laurentides region of Quebec, Canada. It is a predominantly Francophone community situated along the southern border of Quebec between Montreal and Ottawa.

Grenville-sur-la-Rouge covers a rectangular area along the shore of the Ottawa River and extends northward into the foothills of the Laurentian Mountains. The neighbouring village of Grenville is located on the Ottawa River.

Most of the population of just over 2,700 live in a rural setting; the villages of Calumet and Pointe-au-Chêne comprise under 1,000 residents in total.

History[edit]

Although the area has been settled for over 200 years, Grenville-sur-la-Rouge is a relatively new creation. It was formed in 2002 (as an ordinary municipality) by the merger of the village municipality of Calumet with the township municipality of Grenville;[4] the latter is not to be confused with the neighbouring and still-independent village municipality of Grenville. Each of the two components, Calumet and Grenville, acquired the status of boroughs within the new municipality. The territory of Grenville-sur-la-Rouge includes several smaller neighbourhoods and communities, including Avoca, Bell Falls, Grenville Bay, Kilmar, Marelan, and Pointe-au-Chêne.

The name "Grenville" comes from William Wyndham Grenville, a British statesman who served briefly as British prime minister (1806–1807). While Canada was still under British rule, a canal was built by the military to bypass a series of rapids in the Ottawa River. The canal and the settlement that arose in the region were named in Lord Grenville's honour.

The name "Rouge" derives from the municipality's location on the Rouge River, which runs from north to south roughly through the centre of the municipality. In English, Grenville-sur-la-Rouge means "Grenville-on-the-Rouge".

Economy[edit]

Many of the properties along the primary and secondary roads are established farms operated by third and fourth generation families. Forests cover a significant percentage of region and supports a limited amount of logging for regional pulp and paper mills, such as the Fraser Papers mill in Thurso, Quebec.

Derelict train station at Calumet

Tourism is an important part of the local economy, with several whitewater adventure companies being established along the Rouge River. First commercialized in the late 1970s, the Rouge River has become Quebec's most popular whitewater rafting location and is considered one of the best in North America. Local owners have also turned century-old homes into Bed & Breakfasts, which are especially popular in the fall.

The 2001 Statistics Canada census reports that the majority of Grenville-sur-la-Rouge's residents earn income from non-resource based sectors.

Transportation[edit]

Route 148 and Route 344 are east-west highways that traverse the southern region of the municipality. Autoroute 50, an east-west highway, is also in the southern region with three interchanges in Grenville-sur-la-Rouge. Route 344 briefly passes through the Village of Grenville where one can cross over the Long-Sault Bridge to Hawkesbury, Ontario. The Long-Sault Bridge is the only bridge that crosses the Ottawa River between Ottawa and Montreal. The primary north-south access roads are the Rouge River Road, the Scotch Road, and Avoca Road. These secondary roads provide access to the communities of Avoca, Kilmar and Bell Falls.

Bell Falls hydroelectric dam[edit]

In April 2019, record high water levels on the Rouge River made authorities order evacuation of parts of the community as a precaution in case the Bell Falls, or Chute-Bell, hydroelectric dam collapsed.[5][6]

Government[edit]

Local government comprises a mayor and councillors. The current mayor is Tom Arnold.

Demographics[edit]

  • Population:
    • Population in 2011: 2746
    • Population in 2006: 2721
    • Population in 2001: 2663 (adjusted for boundary changes)
  • Private dwellings (occupied by usual residents): 1248
  • Languages:
    • English as first language: 34%
    • French as first language: 64%
    • English and French as first language: 0.5%
    • Other as first language: 1.5%

The following statistics are derived from the pre-amalgamation data collected by Statistics Canada in its 2001 census. Data reported is the combined data of the Municipality of Grenville and the Village of Calumet Statistics Canada: 2001 Community Profiles.

A.J. Casson[edit]

In the late 1960s, Alfred Joseph Casson (1892–1992) of Group of Seven fame, spent some time in what is now known as Grenville-sur-la-Rouge capturing the beautiful scenery on the lower Ottawa Valley. Paul Duval, in his biography of Casson wrote:[7]

Examples of Casson's painting from the region include:

  • Rain at Grenville, Quebec (1967)[1][permanent dead link]
  • Grenville, Quebec (1968)
  • Hill Country, Harrington, Quebec (1969) ... sold for $69,000 CAD [2][permanent dead link]
  • Morning Mist Rouge River (?)
  • Farm Near Grenville, Quebec (?) ... sold for $106,000 CAD in 2005[8]

Education[edit]

The Commission scolaire de la Rivière-du-Nord operates French-language public schools.[9]

The Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board operates English-language public schools:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 373691 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 76052 in the official Répertoire des municipalités ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2476052) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
  4. ^ http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/publications/referenc/pdf/modavr02.pdf[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "With Quebec dam at risk of failing, evacuation ordered on Rouge River in western Laurentians". CBC News. 2019-04-25.
  6. ^ "Quebec issues evacuation order in Grenville-sur-la-Rouge as dam could burst". Global News. 2019-04-25. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  7. ^ http://www.heffel.com/New/Auction/Lots.aspx?Search=0&ID=0&Page=8[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "'Algoma Hill' sells for $1.4M". CBC. November 21, 2005. Archived from the original on 2009-05-20.
  9. ^ "Trouver une école ou un centre." Commission scolaire de la Rivière-du-Nord. Retrieved on September 24, 2017. For attendance boundary information, click "Par bassin d'école"
  10. ^ "About Us." Grenville Elementary School. Retrieved on September 17, 2017.
  11. ^ "LAURENTIAN ELEMENTARY ZONE." Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board. Retrieved on September 16, 2017.
  12. ^ "LAURENTIAN REGIONAL HS ZONE." Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board. Retrieved on September 4, 2017.

External links[edit]