Gretchen (singer)

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Gretchen
Birth name Maria Odete Brito de Miranda
Born (1959-05-29) May 29, 1959 (age 58)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Genres Disco, pop
Years active 1978 – present
Website www.gretchen.com.br

Maria Odete Brito de Miranda, known as Gretchen[1][2][3]; born May 29, 1959 in Rio de Janeiro)[1][2][4] is a Brazilian singer, reality television personality, actress, and businesswoman.[5] She achieved popularity with the movie Aleluia, Gretchen, which tells the story of a German Brazilian immigrant family.[6] Gretchen is known for reinventing both her music and representation, and for maintaining her autonomy within the music industry.[7] She has a vast musical repertory, and has been a source of some controversy throughout her career. Referred to as the Rainha do Bumbum ("Queen of Butt"),[3] Gretchen is often cited as an influence by other artists.[8][9][10]

Career[edit]

After doing backing vocals for years, Gretchen appeared on a TV show in 1978 and soon recorded her debut single, "Dance With Me",[5] disco song inspired in Charo's Dance a Little Bit Closer.[11] In 1980, 1981 and 1982, she released her three most successful albums: My Name Is Gretchen, You and Me, and Lonely.[5] These three albums featured songs that became hallmarks in her career, such as "Freak Le Boom Boom",[2] "Melô do Piripipi", "Conga Conga Conga".[2][5] She sold more than 15 million records worldwide.[12] Between 1980 and 1982, she grabbed the media's attention by making "sexy" music, while still enjoying popularity among children. After Lonely in 1982, she went on a downward spiral while trying to remain on the charts. Born as a Roman Catholic, Gretchen embraced the Protestant faith in the 1990s, and began singing gospel music.[5]

By the end of the 1990s, her hits had returned to dance floors. With the emergence of Butt Music stars like Carla Perez, Gretchen was eventually recognized as a forerunner of the hip shakers.[3][5] The compilation 20 Super Sucessos came out in 1998 on Copacabana/EMI.

Gretchen signed a contract to star in a porn movie for Brazilian porn producers Brasileirinhas in 2006, following the example of Rita Cadillac, with whom she appeared in the 1982 pornochanchada Aluga-se Moças.[2] The movie, La Conga Sex,[13][14] was released by November, followed by another porn title, Carnaval 2007, released in February 2007.

In 2008, she became candidate of Socialist People's Party to be mayor of the city of Itamaracá.[4][15][16]

Nowadays, Gretchen is considered an Internet meme, reaching millions of sharings all over the social medias in Brazil and in the world.[original research?] She also has a YouTube channel named Gretchen & Você (Gretchen & You), where she shares her life and routine.[citation needed]

On July 3, 2017, she was featured on Katy Perry's "Swish Swish" lyric video.[17][18] She also appeared with Rita Cadillac in a Netflix Brasil commercial to promote the series GLOW.[19]

Personal life[edit]

Gretchen is the mother of Thammy Miranda. She is also the aunt (by marriage) of the singer, model and short-term adult actress Íris Caroline de Mello (known artistically as Carol Miranda).[20] Her sisters Sula Miranda and Lara are also in the music business.

Gretchen was portrayed by Emanuelle Araújo in the 2017 biographical film Bingo: The King of the Mornings.

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

  • 1979 – My Name is Gretchen (Building Records/Copacabana Discos)(DIAMOND)
  • 1981 – You and Me (Building/Copacabana)(3X PLATINUM)
  • 1982 – Lonely (Building/Copacabana)(2X PLATINUM)
  • 1983 – Gretchen (Building/Copacabana)(PLATINUM)
  • 1987 – Latino Americana (Copacabana)(GOLD)
  • 1988 – Gypsy (3M)(GOLD)
  • 1991 – Cheiro & Chamego (Musicolor)
  • 1993 – Vem Me Ver (Line Records)
  • 1995 – Sexy Charme Dance (RGE)
  • 1996 – Jesus Dance (Koinonia)
  • 1997 – A Nova Gretchen (Koinonia)
  • 2000 – La Pasión (Zen Records)
  • 2001 – Me Deixa Louca (Polymusic/Sony Music Manaus)
  • 2009 – De Conga A Coração – Gretchen Canta Dorgival Dantas (Nova Produções/Independente)
  • 1978 – Dance With Me (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1979 – Fera (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1979 – Freak Le Boom Boom (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1979 – 1-2-3 (One-Two-Three) (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1980 – Conga Conga Conga (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1981 – Give Me Love (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1981 – Melô do Piripipi (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1982 – Gretchen e os Três Patinhos (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1982 – Allah La Ô, My Love (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1982 – Mambo Mambo Mambo (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1983 – Melô do Xique Xique (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1984 – Melô do Pata Pata (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1984 – Bate Bate Coração (Copacabana)
  • 1985 – Le Bal Masquê (Copacabana)
  • 1985 – Hula Hula Ba Ba Yê (Copacabana)
  • 1988 – Colombiar (3M)

Compilations[edit]

  • 1998 – 20 Super Sucessos (EMI)
  • 2002 – 25 Anos De Sucesso (EMI)
  • 2011 – Charme, Talento e Gostosura (Copacabana Discos/EMI)
  • 1982 – Gretchen e Os Três Patinhos, e o Yure Vale (EP)
  • 1982 – Quiero Ser Libre/My Name Is Gretchen
  • 1998 – Louca Tentação
  • 2004 – Relaxa Baby (Me Queira Want)
  • 2006 – Linda E Toda Sua
  • 2007 – Mito Dourado
  • 2008 – Tuta Kisses
  • 2010 – Forró: Maracutaia – Xana Rana
  • 2010 – Coletânea Gretchen Prata-Cor: Êxitos De Uma Rainha

Singles[edit]

  • 2016 – "Usurpadora"
  • 2015 – "Te Quiero Besar"
  • 2015 – "Lento"
  • 2015 – "Rainha do Bumbum"
  • 2012 – "So Let Your Body Rock"
  • 2012 – "Plastic Lover"
  • 2011 – "I'm Cool"
  • 2011 – "The Lazy Song"
  • 2010 – "Fio Dental"
  • 2010 – "Sonho Acordado"
  • 2010 – "Pintura Íntima"
  • 2010 – "Mordida De Amor (Love Bites)"
  • 2010 – "Bola Que Embola"
  • 2010 – "Maracutaia (I'm Yours)"
  • 2009 – "Eu Digo Stop!"
  • 2009 – "Final De Semana"
  • 2009 – "Quero Te Amar"
  • 2009 – "Você Não Vale Nada"
  • 2009 – "Mexe, Remexe"
  • 2009 – "Eu Só Quero Te Amar"
  • 2009 – "Por Que? (Eu Acho Que Estou Gostando De Você)"
  • 2009 – "Primeiro Passo"
  • 2008 – "Tutaminando"
  • 2008 – "Kisses Baby Hula-la"
  • 2008 – "Marinheira Pachará"
  • 2008 – "O Mito"
  • 2008 – "Piranga"
  • 2008 – "Vó Gina"
  • 2008 – "Tutatinamonga"
  • 2007 – "Mito Dourado"
  • 2007 – "Eu Quero É Você"
  • 2007 – "Muxada"
  • 2007 – "Põe Ae"
  • 2007 – "Disco Show"
  • 2007 – "Mito Mitado"
  • 2006 – "Sereia A-Bê-Mar"
  • 2006 – "Linda E Toda Sua"
  • 2006 – "Pra Você"
  • 2006 – "Sonhando Acordada"
  • 2006 – "Tá Afim De Hã (Mas Comigo Hã, Hã)"
  • 2004 – "Salgadinha"
  • 2004 – "Muribeca Assada"
  • 2004 – "Querendo Te Quiero Want (Those Days)"
  • 2004 – "Lábios"
  • 2004 – "Relaxa (Don't Stop The Game)"
  • 2002 – "É Pra Dançar"
  • 2002 – "Que Saudade"
  • 2001 – "Tá Bom Demais"
  • 2001 – "Requebra"
  • 2001 – "Vamos Fazer Tchi, Tchi"
  • 2001 – "Me Deixa Louca"
  • 2000 – "Voulez Vous, Voulez Vous"
  • 2000 – "Love to Love Baby"
  • 2000 – "Ok! DJ"
  • 2000 – "Dança do Umbigo"
  • 2000 – "Baby, Baby"
  • 2000 – "Mambo Venga"
  • 2000 – "Mira Que Mina Manera"
  • 2000 – "Could It Be Magic"
  • 2000 – "Cunhé, Cunhé"
  • 2000 – "La Pasión – "
  • 1999 – "Amor Canibal"
  • 1999 – "Peri Selvagem"
  • 1999 – "Me Tira Daqui"
  • 1999 – "Tentação Animal"
  • 1999 – "Louca E Selvagem"
  • 1999 – "Louca Tentação"
  • 1998 – "Anjos De Deus"
  • 1998 – "Meu Prazer"
  • 1997 – "Jesus Pode Entrar"
  • 1997 – "Dom De Deus"
  • 1997 – "Livre E Feliz"
  • 1996 – "Maravilhoso"
  • 1996 – "Reino De Deus"
  • 1996 – "Tribo De Judá"
  • 1996 – "Amo Jesus"
  • 1996 – "Com Alegria e Adoração"
  • 1996 – "Não Há Barreiras"
  • 1996 – "Jeová Jire"
  • 1996 – "Jesus É Rei"
  • 1995 – "Oh Carol!"
  • 1995 – "Não Vou Deixar de Amar (I Can't Stop Loving You)"
  • 1995 – "Coisas Do Meu Coração (For All We Know)"
  • 1995 – "Feelings"
  • 1995 – "The Summer Is Magic"
  • 1995 – "Baby Não Dá (Lady Don't Cry)"
  • 1995 – "Tempos de Prazer (Sweet Dreams)"
  • 1994 – "Arte Final"
  • 1994 – "La Salsa"
  • 1994 – "Sha, Na, Na"
  • 1993 – "Não Há Sede Que Resista"
  • 1993 – "Voulez Fouche [Frisson]"
  • 1993 – "Vem Me Ver"
  • 1993 – "Porompompero"
  • 1992 – "Soy La Mujer"
  • 1991 – "Luar de Amor"
  • 1991 – "Tô Que Tô"
  • 1991 – "Siboney (Siboney)"
  • 1991 – "Bailarina (The Boxer)"
  • 1990 – "Xamegando"
  • 1990 – "Cheiro & Chamego"
  • 1989 – "Shaking My Body"
  • 1989 – "Diamante Mujer"
  • 1989 – "Give It Up In Vain"
  • 1989 – "Pillow Talk"
  • 1988 – "Colombiar"
  • 1988 – "Monster Party"
  • 1988 – "Those Were The Days"
  • 1988 – "Gypsy (Czardas)"
  • 1987 – "Comment Ça Va"
  • 1987 – "I Was Born To Love You"
  • 1987 – "Do You Like Boom Boom?"
  • 1987 – "Love is Love"
  • 1987 – "Do Bidu Dam Dam"
  • 1987 – "Sueño Tropical"
  • 1987 – "Je T'aime Moi Non Plus"
  • 1987 – "Latino Americana (Soy Fuego)"
  • 1985 – "Wild Tiger"
  • 1985 – "Body Baby"
  • 1985 – "Teach Me A Tiger"
  • 1985 – "Le Bal Masque"
  • 1985 – "Hula Hula Ba Ba Yê"
  • 1983 – "Melô do Xique Xique"
  • 1984 – "Bate Bate Coração"
  • 1983 – "Veneno"
  • 1983 – "Coochie-Coochie"
  • 1983 – "Aerobic (Ginástica)"
  • 1983 – "Ela Tem Raça, Charme, Talento e Gostosura"
  • 1983 – "Chá Chá Chá Boom Boom"
  • 1983 – "Baby"
  • 1983 – "Give Me Your Love"
  • 1983 – "Melô do Pata Pata (Aie So Mama Ie Pata Pata)"
  • 1982 – "Allah-la-ô My Love"
  • 1982 – "Bumbum No Chão"
  • 1982 – "Gretchen E Os Três Patinhos" (EP)
  • 1982 – "Disco Show Medley"
  • 1982 – "It's All Right"
  • 1982 – "Y Te Amare"
  • 1982 – "My Man of Love"
  • 1982 – "Mambo Mambo Mambo"
  • 1982 – "Melô do Piripipi (Je Suis La Femme)"
  • 1981 – "Climax In The Space"
  • 1981 – "Carmem Miranda"
  • 1981 – "Do You Wanna Love?"
  • 1981 – "Quiero Ser Libre"
  • 1981 – "You And Me"
  • 1981 – "Give Me Love"
  • 1981 – "Conga Conga Conga"
  • 1979 – "Outra Vez Mulher"
  • 1979 – "My Name is Gretchen (Sex Star)"
  • 1979 – "Lock'n Roller"
  • 1979 – "I Love You Je T'aime"
  • 1979 – "Boggie Boggie"
  • 1979 – "1, 2, 3 (One Two Three)"
  • 1979 – "Me Gusta El Cha-Cha-Cha"
  • 1979 – "Freak Le Boom Boom"
  • 1978 – "Dance With Me"

Soundtrack[edit]

Guest appearances[edit]

Filmography[edit]

  • Vamos Cantar Disco Baby (1979)[1]
  • Aluga-se Moças (1982)[1]
  • Pirlimpimpim 2 (TV movie) (1984)[1]
  • A Rota do Brilho (1990)[1]
  • La Conga Sex (2006)[1]
  • Carnaval 2007 (2006)[1]
  • Gretchen: A Rainha do Bumbum (2008)[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Gretchen Profile". IMDb. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Folha Online - Ilustrada - Gretchen negocia ensaio de nudez ao lado da filha Thammy - 10/08/2006". Folha.uol.com.br. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  3. ^ a b c Entrevista: Gretchen se recusa a passar título de rainha do bumbum adiante Ego. Globo.com
  4. ^ a b Gretchen Profile. Tribunal Superior Eleitoral do Brasil.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Gretchen Profile. Allmusic.
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ "Gretchen Filme Estrada, bizarro e genial". Mondo Pop. 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  8. ^ "ANITTA É A NOVA GRETCHEN? Rainha do Rebolado diz que sim e a gente tem as provas - Diva Depressão". Divadepressao.com.br. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  9. ^ "F5 - Celebridades - Empresário veta liberação de músicas de Gretchen para Viviane Araújo - 19/11/2012". F5.folha.uol.com.br. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  10. ^ "Filha de Gretchen, Jenny Miranda se candidata ao Miss Bumbum: "Sucessora" - Home - iG". Noticias.cennoticias.com. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  11. ^ Mauro Ferreira. "Presente no clipe de Perry, Gretchen é ícone pop sem ter hit já há 35 anos | G1 Música Blog do Mauro Ferreira". G1.globo.com. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  12. ^ "Jornal do Brasil - Cultura - Gretchen lança novo CD e diz ser a "Madonna brasileira"". Jb.com.br. 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  13. ^ Gretchen vai estrelar filme pornô em novembro Cinema.terra.com.br
  14. ^ La Conga Sex (2006). Cineminha.uol.com.br
  15. ^ Partidos escalam Gretchen, Ronaldo Esper, Sérgio Mallandro e Viola para puxarem votos. Folha de S.Paulo
  16. ^ No PPS, Gretchen terá aulas para ser prefeita. G1.globo.com
  17. ^ Gretchen estrela video de "Swish Swish" de Katy Perry Globo.com
  18. ^ "Gif Queen Gretchen Stars In Katy Perry's "Swish Swish" Lyric Video idolator". Idolator.com. 2017-07-02. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  19. ^ "Gretchen. Rita Cadillac. E um duelo épico em GLOW, da Netflix". The Huffington Post. 2017-07-03. Retrieved 2017-07-18. 
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-28. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 

External links[edit]