Greville Janner, Baron Janner of Braunstone
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Janner of Braunstone
|Member of Parliament
for Leicester West
18 June 1970 – 1 May 1997
|Preceded by||Barnett Janner|
|Succeeded by||Patricia Hewitt|
|Born||Greville Ewan Janner
11 July 1928
|Political party||Labour (suspended)|
|Spouse(s)||Myra Sheink (m. 1955-1996)|
|Education||St Paul's School, London|
|Alma mater||Trinity Hall, Cambridge
Harvard Law School
Greville Ewan Janner, Baron Janner of Braunstone (born 11 July 1928) is a British politician, barrister and writer.
A QC since 1971, he was a Labour MP from 1970 to 1997; since then he has been a member of the House of Lords. He was associated with a number of Jewish organisations including the Board of Deputies of British Jews, of which he was chairman from 1978 to 1984, and he was prominent in the field of education about the Holocaust.
In April 2015 the Crown Prosecution Service announced that Janner would not be prosecuted over allegations relating to the indecent assault of minors and buggery. The CPS said it would not be in the public interest as Janner has been diagnosed as suffering from dementia, which is incurable and progressively worsens, and a case for the defence could not be made at a trial. In normal circumstances, the evidence against him would have merited prosecution, the CPS said in a statement. The CPS decision was overturned on 29 June 2015. A judge will decide on 7 December whether Janner is fit to plead.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Public career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Child sexual abuse allegations
- 5 Books
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Janner was born in Cardiff, Wales, to Lithuanian Jewish (Litvak) parents, the son of Barnett Janner and Elsie Sybil, née Cohen. Educated at St Paul's School, London, Janner was evacuated to Canada during the war and attended Bishop's College School, Lennoxville, Quebec.
At the age of 18 he served in occupied Germany working for the War Crimes Investigation Unit of the British Army of the Rhine for 18 months. Janner investigated cases of British airmen who were shot at Stalag Luft III, the prisoner of war camp. At weekends, he worked with Holocaust survivors at Bergen-Belsen. The army unit was closed in 1948 to Janner's dismay.
Later, Janner read Law at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he was President of the Cambridge Union Society, in 1952, and Harvard Law School, which he attended through both the Fulbright and Smith-Mundt Act awards.
House of Commons and Jewish causes
Having unsuccessfully fought Wimbledon in the 1955 General Election, Janner represented Leicester North West (until February 1974) and then Leicester West in the House of Commons from 1970 until his retirement in 1997. He chaired the Select Committee on Employment from 1994 to 1996. His predecessor in the seat was his father, Sir Barnett Janner, a former Chairman of the Zionist Federation of Great Britain. He was succeeded by Patricia Hewitt.
Janner was president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, the main representative body of British Jewish community, from 1978 to 1984, and was a prominent campaigner in the efforts to gain reparations for victims of the Holocaust. He was also a vice-president of the World Jewish Congress until 2009 and of the Jewish Leadership Council until 2015. He was president of the Commonwealth Jewish Council.
In 1988 he co-founded the Holocaust Educational Trust with Merlyn Rees, a body which successfully persuaded the British government to add teaching about the Holocaust to the National Curriculum in 1988. Janner stood down from the role in 2012. The Lord Janner Scholarship provides funding for ten schools to take part in the Trust's educational programmes each year.
Janner sought to foster good relations between different faiths and religions and wrote about this issue in his book One Hand Alone Cannot Clap. He co-founded (along with Prince Hassan of Jordan) the Coexistence Trust, a charity to combat Islamophobia and antisemitism.
House of Lords
Janner was created a life peer as Baron Janner of Braunstone, of Leicester in the County of Leicestershire in 1997. He was President and an Officer of the All-Party Parliamentary Group against Anti-Semitism.
In 2006, Janner was struck by Lord Bramall, a former head of the Armed Forces, during a heated row over the Middle East. Janner was hit in one of the rooms close to the House of Lords chamber. Janner later sought the advice of fellow peers about how and whether to make a formal complaint against Lord Bramall, before deciding to accept an apology.
He has been on leave of absence from the House of Lords since 13 October 2014.
Janner wrote a number of books on public speaking and business communication, including On Presentation. In addition, he has written extensively under the pen-name Ewan Mitchell. He is a former member of the Magic Circle and the International Brotherhood of Magicians.
In 1955, Janner married Myra Sheink, who was originally from Australia, and the niece of Sir Israel Brodie, the former Chief Rabbi of Great Britain and the Commonwealth. The couple had three children; two daughters and a son. Myra Sheink died in 1996.
Lord Janner's younger daughter is Rabbi Laura Janner-Klausner, who was appointed National Movement rabbi for the Movement for Reform Judaism in 2011. She is married to a brother of the Israeli writer Amos Oz. Marion Janner, his other daughter, was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for services to mental health in 2010. Daniel, his son, is a barrister and QC.
In 2009, Janner was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. Its advancing severity means that he now requires round-the-clock care for his dementia. At a court hearing in August 2015, a medical specialist acting as a witness for the defence said that Janner is experiencing the early stages of Parkinson's disease.
Child sexual abuse allegations
Statements to the Commons in December 1991
In 1991, the director of a children's home in Leicestershire, Frank Beck, was convicted of child abuse and sentenced to five life terms. During the trial, Janner was accused by Beck of having abused a child and a witness claimed to have been one of Janner's victims while he was in care. Janner was unable to comment publicly until after the trial because it would have been in contempt of court.
Janner received cross-party support in the House of Commons after Beck's conviction. In a Commons statement, delivered on 2 December, he said there was "not a shred of truth" in the claims which had been made against him. In a debate on 3 December on the issue of contempt of court and third-parties being potentially defamed in court cases, Janner said he had received a letter from Beck's former cellmate who had written that Beck was intent on implicating Janner as being responsible for criminal acts after the MP had slighted him by refusing to provide a job reference and had "enlisted" the witness, Paul Winston, in an attempt to "frame" Janner.
Earlier police investigations and CPS decisions
Janner was interviewed by the police in 1991, when the prosecution case against Beck was being prepared. In the first of three previous investigations which did not lead to a prosecution, no charges were brought against the MP because of "insufficient evidence", although the CPS said in 2015 that Janner should have been tried. The 1991 interview was the only time Janner was interviewed by the police. Accompanied by his solicitor, Janner has been reported as having replied "no comment" to the questions put to him. Janner and his solicitor, Sir David Napley, were in contact with the barrister George Carman QC in anticipation of a defence brief needing to be prepared if Janner was put on trial. Carman and Napley were surprised no charges were brought against him because of the weight of evidence, according to Dominic Carman, the barrister's son.
Further police investigations took place in 2002 and 2006; documents relating to Janner were not passed to the Crown Prosecution Service after the 2002 investigation. The former Director of Public Prosecutions, Lord Macdonald, told The Guardian in April 2015 that the penultimate CPS decision not to prosecute Janner in 2007 was actually made by officials in Leicestershire who did not contact head office in London about the case.
In September 2014, The Times reported that Mike Creedon, currently the Chief Constable of Derbyshire Constabulary, claimed that in 1989, whilst he was serving as a Detective Sergeant, senior police chiefs severely limited his enquiries into paedophilia allegations against Janner, despite 'credible evidence' that warranted further investigation.
Fourth investigation and original CPS decision
In 2013 and early 2014, Leicestershire Police searched Janner's home in north London and his offices in the House of Lords in connection with an enquiry linked to historical child abuse allegations. Janner insisted on his innocence. A file of evidence against Janner was sent to the Crown Prosecution Service, but he was not interviewed by the police.
On 16 April 2015, the Crown Prosecution Service issued a statement indicating that they would not charge Janner owing to his poor health. During Leicestershire Police's Operation Enamel more than 20 men were interviewed who claimed Janner had abused them before they were adults. The Crown Prosecution Service stated that the case met their evidential test for prosecution and they would have otherwise have prosecuted on 22 counts of indecent assaults and buggery, against nine persons which are alleged to have occurred between 1969 and 1988.
However, they decided that it failed the public interest test, as Janner was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 2009 and the associated dementia had progressed to a point where he could not engage with the court process, and his evidence could not be relied upon. This meant that a court case could not proceed. Four specialist medical practitioners, two acting for the prosecution and police and two for the defence, have confirmed the severity of Janner's dementia. Just over a week later, it emerged that although the four doctors agreed Janner has severe dementia they were not unanimous on the six points listed in the CPS statement. Only one was asked if Janner could be faking the condition, a suggestion which was categorically dismissed.
Alison Saunders, the Director of Public Prosecutions, stated that the earlier decisions made by police and the CPS not to prosecute were wrong. A retired High Court judge, Sir Richard Henriques, has been appointed to carry out an independent investigation of all matters involving the CPS which relate to the case.
Saunders told the London Evening Standard a week later: "My job is not to be populist. It’s not to make decisions on the basis of what people want. It’s about making the right decisions." On 16 April 2015, a few hours after the CPS decision, the Labour Party suspended Janner from membership of the party.
After the announcement, Leicestershire Police, blamed in the CPS statement for past failures in the investigations into Janner's activities, said it was considering a request for a judicial review into the CPS decision. Solicitors representing alleged victims have said that actions for damages against the peer are likely.
Lord Macdonald, the former DPP, told the Today programme on BBC Radio 4 on 18 April that a decision over whether to prosecute Janner should have been taken in court by a judge, rather than by the CPS, to remove any doubt that the most recent investigation had been carried out properly. The Exaro website revealed on the same day that Janner is being investigated as part of Operation Midland, the Metropolitan Police's investigation into the Westminster paedophile ring.
It emerged that during April, Janner had written to the House of Lords clerks indicating that he did not wish to cease being an active peer. John Mann, who was then campaigning to retain his Bassetlaw seat for Labour during the 2015 general election, told The Daily Telegraph that all the documents relating to the upper chamber's contact with Janner should be made public. "I don't see how you can sign a document relating to membership of the House of Lords if you have dementia", he said.
A cross-party letter co-ordinated by Simon Danczuk, a Labour politician, signed by 11 politicians from 7 parties, was published in The Times on 22 April. The signatories asserted: "As long as justice is not seen to be done and the greater public interest is not served, the public will see attempts to investigate establishment figures involved in historic child abuse as a whitewash." The legal commentator Joshua Rozenberg, writing for The Guardian, accused the politicians of not understanding the legal system. Critical of other decisions Saunders has made as DPP, he nevertheless agreed with her judgement in the Janner case and said she should "be commended for defending her Janner decision in unprecedented detail".
On 29 April, Lowell Goddard, the New Zealand judge appointed to head the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, announced that she would also investigate the Janner case. Goddard will have access to CPS files and the ability to interview Janner's alleged victims. Goddard is to review the medical evidence concerning Janner's fitness to stand trial, and may commission her own assessment, with the possibility that Janner himself may still be questioned if he is found medically fit.
In the new parliament elected on 7 May 2015, 78 MPs supported a call by the Exaro website for a reversal of the DPP's (Alison Saunders) decision and for the case to go to court in a 'trial of the facts'. This could not establish Janner's guilt, but could confirm the truth or otherwise of the allegations made against him.
It emerged on 15 May 2015 that the CPS decision not to charge Lord Janner was being reviewed under the CPS Victims' Right to Review scheme by an external senior QC previously uninvolved in the case.
Review of CPS decision
On 29 June 2015, it was reported the decision of the Director of Public Prosecutions not to prosecute Janner had been overturned by David Perry, the QC appointed to make a review of the CPS decision in April. A judge was now to decide if Janner is fit to stand a criminal trial. The case was considered at Westminster Magistrates' Court on 7 August at which the chief magistrate ruled that Janner must attend the preliminary hearing, if only briefly. Janner was in court for less than a minute on 14 August to identify himself. The next hearing was at the Old Bailey on 1 September; Janner was not required to appear. At this hearing, it was announced that a judge will decide on 7 December 2015 whether Janner is fit to plead.
The books up to 1968 are listed in Who's Who 1974, London : A. & C. Black, 1974, p. 1708
- (1962) Farming and the Law, Business Books
- (1962) The Lawyer and his World', Business Books
- (1962) The Businessman's Lawyer and Legal Lexicon
- (1963) The Retailer's Lawyer, Business Books
- (1963) All You Need To Know about the Law, Business Books
- (1964) Motorists : Know Your Law, Business Books
- (1964) You and the Law, Business Books
- (1964) The Personnel Manager's Lawyer and Employer's Guide to the Law, Business Books
- (1965) Your Factory and the Law, Business Books
- (1966) The Sales Executive's Lawyer, Business Books
- (1966) Your Property and the Law, Business Books
- (1968) The Director's Lawyer, Business Books
- (1978) The Motorist's Lawyer, Royal Automobile Club
- (1979) Product Liability, Random House Business Books
- (1985) Janner's Complete Letterwriter
- (1986) On Meetings, Gower Publishing
- (1989) On Chairing, Gower Publishing
- (1989) On Presentation, Random House Business Books
- (1991) How to Win Meetings, Gower Publishing
- (1998) One Hand Alone Cannot Clap: Arab Israeli Universe, Robson Books
- (2003) Janner's Speechmaker, Thorogood
- (2003) To Life! The Memoirs of Greville Janner, Sutton Publishing (foreword by Tony Blair)
- (2008) Jewish Parliamentarians (with Derek Taylor)
- "The decision not to prosecute Lord Janner – statement from the DPP". Crown Prosecution Service. Crown Prosecution Service. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Rajeev Syal "Lord Janner will not face trial over abuse claims", The Guardian (London), 16 April 2015
- "Date fixed for Lord Janner hearing". BBC News. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- Michael Freedland "Obituary: Elsie Janner", The Independent, 21 July 1994
- Greville Janner "A message to war criminals", The Guardian (London), 9 November 2005
- Greville Janner (2013). "Podcasts - Greville Janner". Holocaust Memorial Day Trust. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. (mp3)
- Greville Janner "John Demjanjuk trial: we mustn't draw a line under crimes of the Holocaust", The Daily Telegraph (London), 1 December 2009
- Lord Janner of Braunstone QC; Honorary Vice-Presidents, World Jewish Congress, World Jewish Congress. Retrieved 26 July 2009
- Gregory Walton /crime/11542289/Lord-Greville-Janner-Profile.html "Lord Greville Janner: Profile", The Daily Telegraph (London), 16 April 2015
- "Lord Janner QC". Jewish Leadership Council. Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- "Vice Presidents". Jewish Leadership Council. Archived from the original on 26 March 2015.
- Jennifer Lipman "Britain is full of people ﬁghting hatred. We are lucky to live here", The Jewish Chronicle, 7 September 2012
- "Holocaust Educational Trust honours champions of Holocaust Education". Holocaust Educational Trust.
- The London Gazette: . 29 October 1997.
- Never Again | PCAA Foundation http://www.antisemitism.org.uk/never-again/
- "Lord Greville Janner's home searched as part of child sex investigations, say police". The Daily Telegraph (London). 20 December 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "War hero, 82, hits fellow peer in Lords". London Evening Standard. 27 August 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "Lord Janner of Braunstone". UK Parliament.
- Biography – Greville Janner – Lord Janner of Braunstone QC GrevilleJanner.org.uk
- Doreen Wachman "Profile: Reform greeting for the new Chief Rabbi", Jewish Telegraph, 2012
- Jessica Elgot "How Britain's Only Female Head Of Faith Took On The Religious Establishment, And Won", The Huffington Post, 17 November 2014
- Rocker, Simon (28 July 2011). "Laura Janner-Klausner: Why I'm not the Reform rival to the Chief Rabbi". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- "Rabbi Laura Janner-Klausner in the Times". Movement for Reform Judaism. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- Robyn Rosen "Marion Janner (and Buddy) collect OBE", The Jewish Chronicle, 12 February 2010
- Frances Gibb "Tax barrister stands for BNP", The Times (Laaw Central blog), 23 March 2010
- "Daniel Janner QC". 23 Essex Street. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Lord Janner will not face child sex abuse charges, CPS says", BBC News, 16 April 2015
- "Janner ordered to face court next week on child sex charges". Yorkshire Post. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- Peachey, Paul "Police investigating child abuse search peer Greville Janner's home", The Independent (London), 20 December 2013
- Marcus Dysch "Lord Janner ‘unfit’ to stand trial over child abuse allegations", The Jewish Chronicle, 16 April 2015
- Andy McSmith "Greville Janner: How MPs rallied to defence of Labour peer 'unfairly put through hell by a wicked slur'", The Independent (London), 16 April 2015.
- This issue was raised in a House of Commons debate about contempt of court and third parties (those not involved in court cases) on 3 December 1991. See "Contempt of Court", Hansard, HC Deb 3 December 1991 vol 200 cc223-42
- This quote is from "Child Abuse (Leicestershire)", Hansard, HC Deb, 2 December 1991, vol 200 cc23-9,.24–25
- Rajeev Syal and Sandra Laville "Police consider challenge to CPS ruling not to charge Janner over abuse allegations", The Guardian (London), 16 April 2015
- Rayner, Jay "I saw up close how an establishment closed ranks over the Janner affair", The Observer (London), 18 April 2015
- Joe Mills "Judge who reviewed Lord Janner child sex abuse case was friend of peer's barrister", IB Times, 25 April 2015
- "Lord Janner's lawyer 'thought peer would face child abuse charges'", ITV News, 27 April 2015
- Rajeev Syal, Sandra Laville and Josh Halliday "Lord Janner child abuse allegations were not passed to me, former DPP says", The Guardian (London), 17 April 2015
- O'Neill, Sean "Child sex inquiry into MP 'blocked by senior police'", The Times (subscription required), 25 September 2014
- Geenwood, Chris "Police 'told to limit abuse probe into MP'", Daily Mail (London), 26 September 2014
- "Office at Lords is searched by police". The Belfast Telegraph. 22 June 2014.
- "Lord Janner evidence considered in child abuse probe", BBC News, 30 April 2014
- "Child abuse case dropped against Labour peer for second time", The Daily Telegraph (London), 15 April 2015
- Joshua Rozenberg "Critics of Lord Janner decision misunderstand justice system", The Guardian (London), 22 April 2015
- Tim Wood and Mark Conrad """Lord Janner: DPP faces fresh doubts about medical evidence", Exaro, 25 April 2015
- Sandra Laville "Lord Janner: CPS fails to take chance to atone for failures of the past", The Guardian (London), 16 April 2015
- Martin Bentham "EXCLUSIVE: First full interview with DPP Alison Saunders on her decision not to charge Lord Janner over child sex", London Evening Standard, 23 April 2015
- Damien Gayle "Lord Janner child abuse claims: 'trial was decision for court'", The Guardian (London), 18 April 2015
- Mark Conrad "Lord Janner: Met probes ex-MP over 'VIP paedophile network'", Exaro, 18 April 2015
- David Barrett "Lord Greville Janner: CPS could face legal challenge", The Daily Telegraph (London), 19 April 2015
- "Decision not to prosecute Lord Janner will be seen as a 'whitewash', politicians warn", The Daily Telegraph (London), 22 April 2015
- "Letter Urges Prosecution Against Lord Janner", Sky News, 22 April 2015
- Barrett, David "Child abuse inquiry to investigate Lord Greville Janner allegations", The Daily Telegraph (London), 29 April 2015
- Halliday, Josh "Child abuse inquiry judge to investigate Lord Janner allegations", The Guardian (London), 29 April 2015
- "Goddard abuse inquiry to review Lord Janner case", BBC News, 29 April 2015
- Mark Watts, Mark Conrad and Alex Varley-Winter ""New Parliament: DPP has it wriong on Lord Janner, say 78 MPs"", Exaro News, 9 May 2015
- Rajeev Syal "CPS decision not to prosecute Lord Janner under review", The Guardian, 15 May 2015
- "CPS grants Lord Janner review", The Telegraph, 15 May 2015
- "Lord Janner faces historical sex abuse prosecution". BBC News. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- Syal, Rajeev (7 August 2015). "Lord Janner ordered to attend court on child abuse charges despite dementia". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- "Lord Janner appears at London court on child sex abuse charges". BBC News. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- Grierson, Jamie (28 August 2015). "Lord Janner will not be forced to attend court to face child abuse charges". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Lord Janner to face trial over historic sex abuse charges in new year". Daily Telegraph. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Barnett Janner
|Member of Parliament for Leicester North West
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Leicester West