Grey-necked wood rail

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Grey-necked wood rail
Gray-necked-wood-rail.jpg
Grey-necked wood rail
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Family: Rallidae
Genus: Aramides
Species: A. cajaneus
Binomial name
Aramides cajaneus
(Müller, 1776)
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms

Aramides cajanea

Grey-cowled Wood-Rail

The grey-necked wood rail[2] or grey-cowled wood rail[3] (Aramides cajaneus) is a species of bird in the family Rallidae. It lives primarily in forests and mangroves of Central and South America.

Description[edit]

The grey-necked wood rail measures 38 cm (15 in) long[4][5] and weighs 460 g (16 oz). The upperparts are olive green to dark brown. The head and neck are medium-grey, blending into a brown patch at the back of the head. The eyes are red. The chest and flanks are rufous. The belly, rump and tail are black. Legs are coral-red. Males and females are similar. Immatures are similar to adults but belly sooty-black, flecked with buff. The similar but smaller rufous-necked wood rail (Aramides axillaris) has a reddish head and neck with a grey upper.[6] The rufous-naped wood rail was considered a previously considered a subspecies.

Vocalization[edit]

The grey-necked wood rail has a loud, repetitive cackling call mainly heard at dawn and dusk: pop-tiyi pop-tiyi co-co-co-co-co or chitico chitico cao-cao-cao.

Subspecies[edit]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

cajanea subspecies in Costa Rica

It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, subtropical or tropical swamps, and swamps.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Aramides cajaneus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "IOC Species Updates". Retrieved 30 Sep 2016. 
  3. ^ "AOU Species Updates 2016". Retrieved 30 Sep 2016. 
  4. ^ Garrigues, Richard; Dean, Robert (2007). The Birds of Costa Rica. Ithaca: Zona Tropical/Comstock/Cornell University Press. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-8014-7373-9. 
  5. ^ Angehr, George R.; Dean, Robert (2010). The Birds of Panama. Ithaca: Zona Tropical/Comstock/Cornell University Press. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-8014-7674-7. 
  6. ^ Ramos-Ordoñez, M.F.; Rodríguez-Flores, C.; Soberanes-González, C.; Arizmendi, M.C. (2010). Schulenberg, T.S., ed. "Identification – Gray-necked Wood-Rail (Aramides cajanea)". Neotropical Birds Online. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 

External links[edit]