|County of Grey|
|County seat||Owen Sound|
|• Type||Upper Tier Municipal Government|
|• Land||4,513.50 km2 (1,742.67 sq mi)|
|• Density||20.8/km2 (54/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||519 / 226 / 548|
Grey County is a county of the Canadian province of Ontario. The county seat is in Owen Sound. It is located in the subregion of Southern Ontario named Southwestern Ontario. Grey County is also a part of the Georgian Triangle. At the time of the Canada 2016 Census the population of the county was 93,830.
Grey County consists of the following municipalities (in order of population):
|Municipality||2016 Population||Population Centres|
|City of Owen Sound||21,341||Owen Sound|
|Municipality of West Grey||12,518||Durham|
|Municipality of Meaford||10,991||Meaford|
|Township of Georgian Bluffs||10,479|
|Municipality of Grey Highlands||9,804||Markdale|
|Town of Hanover||7,688||Hanover|
|Township of Southgate||7,354||Dundalk|
|Town of The Blue Mountains||7,025||Thornbury|
|Township of Chatsworth||6,630||Chatsworth|
Origin and evolution
The first European settlement was in the vicinity of Collingwood or Meaford. Exploring parties arrived from York in 1825 by travelling from Holland Landing and down the Holland River into Lake Simcoe and Shanty Bay. From there they travelled by land to the Nottawasaga River into Georgian Bay and along the thickly wooded shore.
In 1837 the village of Sydenham was surveyed by Charles Rankin. In 1856 it was incorporated as the Town of Owen Sound with an estimated population of 2,000.
In 1840, the area became part of the new District of Wellington, and its territory formed the County of Waterloo for electoral purposes. In 1849, Wellington District was abolished, and Waterloo County remained for municipal and judicial purposes. The territory of the Bruce Peninsula became part of Waterloo in 1849, but was later withdrawn and transferred to Bruce County in 1851.
In January 1852, Waterloo County became the United Counties of Wellington, Waterloo and Grey. Grey County was named in honour of the British Colonial Secretary's father, Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1830-1834. Its territory was declared to consist of the following townships, together with part of the Indian Reserve on the Bruce Peninsula:
- Saint Vincent
The Indian lands were later surveyed and became the townships of Keppel and Sarawak. A Provisional Municipal Council was organized for the County in April 1852, with the Town of Sydenham named as the county town.
Waterloo was withdrawn from the United Counties in January 1853, and the remainder was renamed the United Counties of Wellington and Grey. In January 1854, the United Counties was dissolved, and Wellington and Grey were separate counties for all purposes.
In 1861-1862 the first gravel roads were constructed into Owen Sound at a cost of $300,000. The four colonization roads were:
- the Garafraxa Road running from Fergus to Owen Sound (now Highway 6);
- the Durham Road leading east and west from the village of Durham (formerly part of Highway 4, and now County Road 4);
- the Lake Shore Road from Collingwood to Owen Sound (now Highway 26); and
- the Toronto-Sydenham Road leading from Shelburne to Owen Sound (now Highway 10).
Prior to the road building it often took two days to walk up to Owen Sound.
On January 1, 2001, Grey County underwent a major restructuring, resulting in the reduction in number of the local municipalities:
|New Municipality||Constituted from|
|City of Owen Sound|
|Town of Hanover|
|Town of The Blue Mountains||Thornbury and Collingwood Township|
|Township of Chatsworth||Chatsworth, Sullivan and Holland|
|Township of Georgian Bluffs||Shallow Lake, Keppel, Derby and Sarawak|
|Municipality of Grey Highlands||Flesherton, Markdale, Artemesia, Euphrasia and Osprey|
|Municipality of Meaford||Meaford, St. Vincent and Sydenham|
|Township of Southgate||Dundalk, Egremont and Proton|
|Municipality of West Grey||Durham, Neustadt, Glenelg, Normanby and Bentinck|
As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Grey County had a population of 100,905 living in 42,309 of its 50,183 total private dwellings, a change of 7.5% from its 2016 population of 93,830. With a land area of 4,497.93 km2 (1,736.66 sq mi), it had a population density of 22.4/km2 (58.1/sq mi) in 2021.
|Population||100,905 (+7.5% from 2016)||93,830 (+1.4% from 2011)||92,568 (+0.2% from 2006)|
|Land area||4,497.93 km2 (1,736.66 sq mi)||4,513.50 km2 (1,742.67 sq mi)||4,513.21 km2 (1,742.56 sq mi)|
|Population density||22.4/km2 (58/sq mi)||20.8/km2 (54/sq mi)||20.5/km2 (53/sq mi)|
|Median age||49.6 (M: 48, F: 50.8)||49.3 (M: 48.1, F: 50.4)|
|Total private dwellings||42,310||47,560||46,481|
|Median household income||$62,935|
- List of municipalities in Ontario
- Census divisions of Ontario
- List of townships in Ontario
- Saugeen Kame Terraces
- List of secondary schools in Grey County, Ontario
- Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Grey, County [Census division], Ontario and Northwest Territories [Territory]". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
- Statistics Canada, Census Profile, 2016 Census: Ontario: Census subdivisions (municipalities)
- Statistics Canada, Census Profile, 2016 Census: Ontario: Population centres
- An Act erecting certain parts of the Counties of Halton and Simcoe into a new District, by the name of the District of Wellington, S.U.C. 1837 (1st Session), c. 116 , implemented by Proclamation of June 18, 1840
- Armstrong, Frederick H. (1985). Handbook of Upper Canadian Chronology. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 195. ISBN 0-919670-92-X.
- An Act for abolishing the Territorial Division of Upper-Canada into Districts, and for providing for temporary Unions of Counties for Judicial and other purposes, and for the future dissolutions of such Unions, as the increase of wealth and population may require, S.C. 12 Vic., c. 78, Sch. C
- An Act to divide the District of Huron, in the Province of Canada, and for other purposes therein mentioned, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 96
- An Act to make certain alterations in the Territorial Divisions of Upper Canada, S.Prov.C. 1851, c. 5, Sch. A, par. 29
- An Act to make certain alterations in the Territorial Divisions of Upper Canada, S.Prov.C. 1851, c. 5, Sch. A and B
- Marsh, Edith L. (1931). A History of the County of Grey. Owen Sound: Fleming. p. 217.
- S.Prov.C. 1851, c. 5, Sch. A, par. 28
- Marsh, Edith Louise (1931). "XXII: The Township of Keppel, its villages and Griffiths Island". A History of the County of Grey. Owen Sound: Fleming.
- Marsh, Edith Louise (1931). "XXIII: The Township of Sarawak and its villages". A History of the County of Grey. Owen Sound: Fleming.
- "Proclamation". Canada Gazette (Extra): 2–3. 1 March 1852.
- "Proclamation". Canada Gazette. 12 (3): 75. 22 January 1853.
- "Proclamation". Canada Gazette. 13 (1): 2–3. 7 January 1854.
- The Orangeville Banner, March 8, 1951.
- An Act to separate the Town of Orangeville and certain Townships in the Counties of Wellington, Grey and Simcoe, from the said Counties, and to erect the same into the County of Dufferin, S.O. 1874 (2nd Sess.), c. 31
- An Act to confirm certain preliminary proceedings, and make further provision for the formation of the County of Dufferin, S.O. 1880, c. 37
- County of Grey - Municipal Amalgamations
- "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
- "2021 Community Profiles". 2021 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 4, 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
- "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021. Retrieved 2019-08-06.
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Grey County.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grey County, Ontario.|