Grey Lynn (New Zealand electorate)

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Grey Lynn is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1902 to 1978, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament.

Population centres[edit]

The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries, and six electorates were established for the first time, including Grey Lynn, and two electorates that previously existed were re-established.[1]

In the 1902 election, the electorate was classed as a mix of rural and urban (with a two to one ratio), and comprised areas just west of the central part of Auckland.[2] In the 1907 electoral redistribution, the electorate was classed as fully urban, and the country quota thus no longer applied.[3]

History[edit]

The electorate existed from 1902 to 1978.[4] George Fowlds of the Liberal Party was the electorate's first representative.[5] He served for three terms as was beaten in the 1911 election by the independent left-wing politician John Payne.[6][7]

Grey Lynn was held from the 1919 election by Labour's Fred Bartram until he was defeated in 1928 by John Fletcher of the United Party.[8] During 1930, Fletcher became an Independent.[9] There was disagreement in the Labour Party regarding the nomination for the 1931 election, with John A. Lee chosen over their previous representative Fred Bartram, resulting in the latter to stand as an Independent.[10][11] Four candidates stood in total, with Lee defeating the incumbent.[12]

Members of Parliament[edit]

The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament.[4]

Key

 Liberal    Independent Labour    Labour    Independent    United    Democratic Labour  

Election Winner
1902 election George Fowlds
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election John Payne
1914 election
1919 election Fred Bartram
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election   John Fletcher[nb 1]
 
1931 election John A. Lee
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election Fred Hackett
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 by-election Reginald Keeling
1963 election Ritchie Macdonald
1966 election
1969 election Eddie Isbey
1972 election
1975 election
(Electorate abolished 1978)

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ John Fletcher became an Independent during 1930.[9]

Election results[edit]

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Grey Lynn[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eddie Isbey 8,268 51.0 -9.6
National J Meder 5,429 33.5 +6.5
Values L F Robb 1,472 9.1
Social Credit W A Ross 977 6.0 -1.0
Socialist Action M P Robson 31 0.2
Socialist Unity A B Skilton 30 0.2
Majority 2,839 17.5 -16.1
Turnout 22,262 73.5 -13.9

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Grey Lynn[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eddie Isbey 9,887 60.6 +16.1
National J Meder 4,400 27.0 +1.1
Social Credit W A Ross 1,148 7.0 +2.3
Values W D Houston 814 5.0
New Democratic M J J Spratt 63 0.4
Majority 5,487 33.6 +15.0
Turnout 19,045 86.4 -1.5

1969 election[edit]

General election, 1969: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eddie Isbey 6,966 44.5
National J Meder 4,051 25.9
Independent Labour K Ryan 3,887 24.9
Social Credit W A Ross 743 4.7 -6.2
Majority 2,915 18.6
Turnout 17,965 87.9 +4.5

1966 election[edit]

General election, 1966: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ritchie Macdonald 8,329 59.8 -3.3
National H A Nash 3,930 28.2
Social Credit W A Ross 1,523 10.9 +5.2
Communist Peter McAra 152 1.1
Majority 4,399 31.2 -2.4
Turnout 16,820 83.4 -5.0

1963 election[edit]

General election, 1963: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ritchie Macdonald 9,383 63.1
National J R Firth 4,598 29.5
Social Credit W A Ross 885 5.7 +1.8
Communist George Jackson 264 1.7 -0.3
Majority 5,240 33.6
Turnout 17,737 88.4 +46.9

1963 by-election[edit]

Grey Lynn by-election, 1963[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Reginald Keeling 4,172 65.84
National R J Presland 1,791 28.26
Social Credit W A Ross 246 3.88
Communist George Jackson 128 2.02
Majority 2,381 37.57
Informal votes 24 0.38
Turnout 6,361 41.48 -47.6
Registered electors 15,336
Labour hold Swing

1960 election[edit]

General election, 1960: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 8,761 63.8 -3.3
National B T Zouch 4,165 30.3
Social Credit F T Morley 693 5.0
Communist R C Wolf 117 0.9
Majority 4,596 33.5 -5.7
Turnout 15,945 89.1 -5.1

1957 election[edit]

General election, 1957: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 9,893 67.1 +2.5
National B Griffiths 4,106 27.9
Social Credit E R James 733 5.0
Majority 5,787 39.2 +2.6
Turnout 15,720 94.2 +3.7

1954 election[edit]

General election, 1954: Grey Lynn[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 8,483 64.6 -0.4
National T Gowan 3,676 28.0
Social Credit S H C Jones 835 6.4
Communist Rita Smith 129 1.0
Majority 4,807 36.6 +6.6
Turnout 14,432 91.5 +2.5

1951 election[edit]

General election, 1951: Grey Lynn[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 8,265 65.0 +9.0
National H G Barry 4,452 35.0
Majority 3,813 30.0 -2.0
Turnout 14,341 89.0 -5.4

1949 election[edit]

General election, 1949: Grey Lynn[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 7,362 56.0 -16.4
National J L Faulkner 3,159 24.0
Democratic Labour John A. Lee 2,627 20.0
Majority 4,203 32.0 -12.8
Turnout 14,002 94.4 -1.2

1946 election[edit]

General election, 1946: Grey Lynn[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Hackett 9,537 72.4
National H G Barry 3,627 27.6
Majority 5,910 44.8
Turnout 13,962 95.6

1935 election[edit]

General election, 1935: Grey Lynn[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John A. Lee 9,828 74.77 +16.99
United George Wildish 1,816 13.81
Democrat Hilton Basil Moore Arthur 1,290 9.81
Communist Henry Mornington Smith 210 1.59
Informal votes 379 2.88 +2.00
Majority 8,012 60.95 +33.27
Turnout 13,144 89.16 +5.90
Registered electors 14,741

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Grey Lynn[12][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John A. Lee 6,767 57.78
Independent John Fletcher 3,525 30.10
United Walter Harry Murray 1,037 8.85
Independent Labour Fred Bartram 382 3.26
Informal votes 104 0.88
Majority 3,242 27.68
Turnout 11,815 83.26
Registered electors 14,190

1914 election[edit]

General election, 1914: Grey Lynn[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Labour John Payne 2,933 34.04
Reform Murdoch McLean 2,844 33.01
United Labour George Fowlds 2,838 32.94
Informal votes 145 1.68
Majority 89 1.03
Turnout 8,615 86.20
Registered electors 9,994

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 67f.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 66f.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 71.
  4. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 264.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 197.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 197, 226.
  7. ^ Gustafson 1980, p. 164.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 182, 197.
  9. ^ a b "State of Parties". Auckland Star. LXII (5). 7 January 1931. p. 3. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "General Election". Auckland Star. LXII (159). 8 July 1931. p. 5. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Labour's Choice". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (20774). 17 January 1931. p. 12. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  12. ^ a b The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 232.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Norton 1988, pp. 231. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTENorton1988231" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTENorton1988231" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTENorton1988231" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTENorton1988231" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  15. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  16. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  17. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  18. ^ The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  19. ^ "Election Counts". Auckland Star. LXII (291). 9 December 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  20. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Gustafson, Barry (1980). Labour's path to political independence: The Origins and Establishment of the New Zealand Labour Party, 1900–19. Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press. ISBN 0-19-647986-X. 
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand parliamentary election results, 1946–1987. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington Department of Political Science. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.