Greyfriars, Coventry

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The spire of Greyfriars

Greyfriars, Coventry was a medieval monastic house in the West Midlands, England.

History[edit]

The first mention of the Franciscans or Greyfriars in Coventry is in the Pipe Rolls of 1234, which show Henry III allowing them timber to use for their oratory or church. From later documents it is evident that Ranulf de Blondeville, Earl of Chester, permitted them to erect their house on his manor of Cheylesmore, on the south-west side of the city.

In August 1289, Roger de Montalt granted the Franciscan friars of Coventry a site for the enlargement of their area. He also obtained a licence, contrary to the wishes of the monks of Coventry, to close the way leading from Kenilworth to Coventry, but this was on condition he made another way on the adjacent land also granted to them by Roger.

In 1359, Richard II granted the Grey Friars as much stone from the quarry in the Black Prince's park at Cheylesmore as they needed for their house. He also granted free access for their workmen for the quarried stone. A grant was also given for the right to dig earth for the walls and plaster, and for a postern gate, or secret gate into Cheylesmore park for the recreation of the friars. They were not, however, to pass beyond the quarry. The key to the gate was to be kept by the warden, and it was only to be used by those who were sick.

The Franciscan friars, or Greyfriars were content with very humble churches as well as conventual buildings. Through the years however, their supporters erected churches on their site. In about 1300, the Hastings family built a chapel on the north side of the friars' church, where several generations of the family were buried. John Ward, the first mayor of the city, was also buried in the church of the Greyfriars in 1348.

Dissolution[edit]

Greyfriars church was located between New Union Street and Warwick Lane, in the centre of Coventry, and was originally 240 feet in length by 60 feet wide. The structure was cruciform in shape, and straddled the centrally placed spire. It became victim to Henry VIII's Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1538, but the tower and spire survived.

In the early 1800s, Coventry’s population was on the increase, and through donations and subscription, money was raised to re-build the church. At this time, the tower and spire were owned by Coventry corporation, who gave it to the church for the rebuilding in the mid-1820s. The second half of the decade was taken up with clearing the land around the spire, which had been built on in the years since the Dissolution.

Rebuilding[edit]

On 16 March 1830 the foundation stone was laid for the new church. By mid-1832, re-building was complete, and on 3 August of the same year, a consecration ceremony was held for the now-named Christ Church, Coventry. Due to the constraints of the site, the new church was only 124 feet in length and 55 feet wide, with the spire at one end of the church, rather than its original central position.

The new, second church, didn’t survive as long as the first, as it was largely destroyed in a World War II air raid on 8 April 1941. The remains of the walls were demolished in the spring of 1950, exposing again the tower and spire of the old church.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • William Page (editor) (1908). Friaries: Franciscan friars of Coventry. A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 

Coordinates: 52°24′21″N 1°30′42″W / 52.4057°N 1.5117°W / 52.4057; -1.5117