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Cauliforous flower.jpg
Grias neuberthii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Lecythidaceae
Genus: Grias
Type species
Grias cauliflora

Grias is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lecythidaceae, described by Linnaeus in 1759.[1][2] It is native to northwestern South America, Central America, and Jamaica.[3]

They are small to medium-sized trees, growing to 5-15 m tall. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, broad lanceolate, very large, up to 1 m long, with an entire or waved margin. The flowers are creamy white to yellow, with four petals; they are cauliflorous, produced in clusters on the trunk and stouter branches. The fruit is 6-15 cm long, with a fleshy coat; it is edible in several species.[4][5][6]

Accepted species[3]
  1. Grias angustipetala - Ecuador
  2. Grias cauliflora - Anchovy pear - Central America, Jamaica, Colombia
  3. Grias colombiana - Colombia
  4. Grias ecuadorica - Ecuador
  5. Grias haughtii - Colombia
  6. Grias longirachis - Ecuador
  7. Grias multinervia - Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela
  8. Grias neuberthii - Sachamangua - Ecuador, Colombia, Peru
  9. Grias peruviana - Sachamangua - Ecuador, Peru
  10. Grias purpuripetala - Colombia
  11. Grias subbullata - Ecuador
  12. Grias theobromicarpa - Pichincha


  1. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1759. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima 2: 1075 in Latin
  2. ^ Tropicos, Grias L.
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2009. Cucurbitaceae a Polemoniaceae. 4(1): i–xvi, 1–855. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México
  5. ^ Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  6. ^ Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i–xlii,.

External links[edit]